03.26-03.28 Fluid and Electrolyte Flashcards Preview

PHARM 557 > 03.26-03.28 Fluid and Electrolyte > Flashcards

Flashcards in 03.26-03.28 Fluid and Electrolyte Deck (22):
1

Normal sodium serum levels

135-145 mEq/L

2

Normal chloride serum levels

98-110 mEq/L

3

Normal BUN level

8-25 mg/dL

4

Normal potassium serum levels

3.5-5.0 mEq/L

5

Normal bicarbonate serum levels

22-29 mEq/L

6

Normal Scr levels

0.7-1.4 mg/dL

7

Normal BUN : SCr ratio

10 : 1

8

Total body water (TBW) = ____% of total body weight

50-60%

9

Two-thirds (55-65%) TBW = found in _____

intracellular compartment

10

One-third (30-40%) TBW = present in _____

extracellular compartment

11

____% of ECF = present as interstitial fluid (ISF)

75%

12

Most abundant extracellular electrolytes

Na, Cl, HCO3

13

Most abundant intracellular electrolyte

K

14

Normal Mg2+ levels:

1.8 - 3.0 mg/dL

15

Normal phosphate levels:

2.5-4.5 mg/dL

16

Normal Arterial Blood pH

7.35-7.45

17

Acidemia pH:

<7.35

18

Alkalemia pH:

>7.45

19

Nomal PaCO2 levels:

35-45 mm Hg

20

Anion gap calculation:

Na-Cl-HCO3

21

Daily fluid requirement for ADULTS

30 - 35 mL / kg / d

22

Daily fluid reqt for PEDS (Holliday-Segar)

100 mL/kg/d for first 10 kg
+50 mL/kg/d for next 10 kg
+ 20 mL/kg/d for any additional kgs