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1

Why did Hitler and the nazi party gain popularity after WW1

Problems of TOV

Weimar government

Impact of Wall Street crash

Impact of propaganda

Impact of terror

2

How does the Weimar government work

-President elected every 7 years
-proportional representation (60,000 votes = one seat)
-chancellor was

3

Why did the Weimar government fail

-chancellor can fire who he likes
- president can use article 50 to pass any law he likes (emergency decree)
-proportional representation= unlikely a majority vote would happen =coalition gov
-leading to little agreement

4

List 3 terms of the TOV

Germany had to take full blame for war = damaged pride

Had to pay reparations = 6.6 billion

Lost polish corridor, Rhineland demilitarised (4 million of Germany's population was lost

5

What were stresemans solutions to Germany's problems

Make a new currency to end hyperinflation

Borrow money from USA (Dawes plan and young plan ) > new houses, schools, hospitals , factories = 1920s golden era

Locarno pact 1925, join LON 1926, Kellog BRiand pact.

6

How much of Germany's population was lost in the TOV

4 million

7

What problems faced the Weimar government

What's the word

ILRIM

Ineffective constitution
Left wing rebellion
Right wing terror
Inflation
Munich putsch ( Hitler's fails to take control of Bavaria = he goes to prison = mein kampf

8

Give 4 reasons why the nazis lost support in late 1920s

1) Munich putsch
2) they become national joke
3) lose support
4) 1924- 5% of Germans vote nazi 1928-2% of Germans vote nazi

9

How was Germany affected by the Wall Street crash

Economic (2)

Economic- banks had losses, Germans feared for their savings leading to people retrieving them= banks ran out of cash

- the crash caused a worldwide depression - Germany couldn't sell good abroad

10

How was Germany affected by the Wall Street crash

Political (3)

-Weimar government collapsed in 1930, leaving bruning to govern by decree

- bruning resigned in 1932 coz he lost control in the reichstag

- because of the struggle people lost hope in gov - began to listen to radical extremists = led to Hitler's who promised bread and work

11

How Germany was affected by the Wall Street crash

Social (3)

- the unemployed roamed the streets
-unemployment rose throughout the year so domestic goods fell as people couldn't afford things causing a vicious circle
-the middle classes didn't want to rise taxes to pay for unemployment

12

What was the change in unemployment

1928

1933

1928-600,000
1933-6,000,000

13

Who did Hitler's plan benefit

Old people, children, families, unemployed, businesses, farmers ...

14

Explain how hitler rose to be chancellor

May 1932- Hindenburg appoints Von Papen- he however needed more support so called for a general election. Here the nazis gained support. This didn't work for Von papen so he called for another election in Nov 1932 this gave him even fewer seats so he resigned. Von schleicher replaced him- he also failed. Hindenburg appointed Hitler's as a last resort in Jan 1933 under the condition that Von papen was vice chancellor. Also the number of nazis in the cabinet was limited to 2

15

Explain the increase in the seats the nazi party had in the reichstag from may 1928- march 1933

May 1928- 12
Sept 1930- 107
July 1932- 230
Nov 1932-196
March 1933 - 288

16

Who did Hitler's blame the reichstag fire on

Communists

17

What did the law for the protection of people and state ban

Communist party

18

Describe the enabling act

Hitler's needed 66% of the vote to pass the enabling act that would rid the Weimar government and give him sole power to pass laws for 4 years. It was passed in march 1933,

19

After the enabling act, Hitler's used his powers to do what? What did this mean?

A law against the formation of new parties

Ban all other political parties and leave only the nazis in the reichstag

20

What were the SA
Who was their leader
When was it formed
How many members

-storm troopers ( brown shirts)
-Ernst Roehm
-1921 to protect nazi party
-2.5 million members (10X size of German army)

21

What are the SS
Who was their leader
When were they formed
How many members

-protection squad. Hitler's elite bodyguard
-Heinrich himmler
-1925
-52,000 members 1933

22

What was the night of the long knives

Hitler's was embarrassed by the homosexuality of Roehm their leader

He feared the SA were being disloyal

June 1934 Roehm was executed along with some SA leaders alone with Von Schleicher who was just on Hitler's kill list

At least 77 were killed though it was suspected the number was around 400

23

When did Hindenburg die

Aug 1934

24

On the day Hindenburg died - what did Hitler's do

What was the response

He held a public vote to decide that the roles of president and chancellor would combine

89.9% agreed

25

Soldiers of the armed forces and civil services had to do what

What did this entail

Take the oath of loyalty

That you would die for him

26

Goebbels and propaganda (5)
What did he control

Newspapers
Rallies
Books
Radio
Films

27

Himmler and terror (5)

What did he control

SS
Concentration camps
Gestapo
The police and courts
Informers

28

What powers did the SS and gestapo have

They could arrest anyone and put them in concentration camps without trial

29

Who was the head of gestapo

Reinhard Heydrich

30

Who was minister of propaganda

Josef goebells

31

What year was Berlin olympics

1936

32

What happened to the nightclubs and American music

It was banned through censorship

33

What happened to authors, artists and scientists

Many chose to emigrate to escape the laws and censorship that their work would be given - most famous Albert Einstein

34

In 1932, how many members of the Hitler's youth have

108,000

35

By 1933 there was how many members of Hitler's youth

2.3 million

36

By 1939 there were how many member of Hitler's youth

7.3million

37

What was made compulsory in 1936

Hitler's youth

38

What was the aim of Hitler's youth

To prepare boys for military service

39

Hitler's youth were viewed as future leaders and were indoctrinated in what

Anti-semitism

40

How were schools affected by nazism

Text books rewrote
Teachers attended compulsory training.
History distorted

41

What was life like for women in Weimar Germany

Progressive attitude towards women
•women could vote at same age as men
• encouraged to explore fashion make up
•encouraged to have a career

42

What was life like for women in nazi germany

Women should follow the three Ks (kinder,kirche,küche)

Not be involved in politics

Not work

Minimalistic clothes no makeup hair tied back

43

What happened to :

abortion clinics
Contraception

Shut down

Banned

44

Explain the marriage loan

When a couple got married they were given a loan by the government (around 1000marks) and every time they had a child they didn't have to pay back 25%, so when they had 4 kids they could keep the money

45

How many kids did you have to have to be classed as a family

4+

46

Describe the honour cross

Special awards :
🥉 = 4 kids
🥈 = 6 kids
🥇 = 8 kids

47

What happened if a couple failed to have kids

Encouraged to divorce and remarry

48

Explain "lebensborn"

Scented where aryan single women were encouraged to visit to meet with SS soldiers to expand the master race and have aryan children

49

What did they do to prevent a weakening of the master race

In 1933 compulsory sterilisation began for all people suffering blindness, epilepsy, deafness, depression, alcoholism and any physical disability

50

By 1937 how many sterilisation had taken place

200,000

51

Why did women return to employment

Factories and other jobs needed to be filled because of the men fighting in the war

52

What did the Catholic Church and Hitler's sign

The concordat - to leave Each other alone

53

Where were German girls taught about how to be a good housewife/ mother

Bund deutscher madel(BDM)

54

What was the Hitler's over Germany campaign

Hitler's presidential campaign he gained extreme exposure from this and came second with 13 million votes

55

In 1934 there were how many million SA

2 million

56

USA Wall Street crash was a reason why Hitler's became chancellor - explain

The Wall Street crash leads to a worldwide economic depression the USA calls in Dawes and young plan money lent to Germany to pay reparations

ends up 6 million unemployed by 1932

Munich putsch sent Hitler's to jail

57

After Hitler's banns all other political parties - how many seats does he get in reichstag November 1933

661

58

Explain the weaknesses of Weimar government

Proportional representation led to coalition government there was no clear leader and no agreements were made the parties were sharing the power this led to the president using article 48 after Wall Street crash e.g. raising taxes in depression. also the unpopular chancellors bruning who raise taxes and cut unemployment benefit. Bruning > Von papen > Von schleicher > Hitler's

59

How long did Von schleicher stay as chancellor

57 days

60

Explain how Hitler's managed to eliminate other politicial parties

Reichstag fire > communists blamed

LAw for the protection of people and state gave Hitler the power to arrest anyone and take control of press

Hitler's gets coalition with social democrats and nationalists and centre party - he passes enabling act - 444 said yes - 94 said no

Hitler passes the law against the formation of new parties this went on to give the Nazis 661 seats in the right stag

61

Give 4 reasons why Hitler's got dictator

Elimination of political parties

Terror - SS

Propaganda

Control of society

62

Why did Hitler's get chancellor - 4 reasons

Propaganda

Terror -SA

Wall Street crash

Weaknesses of Weimar government