1. Intro To Pathology Flashcards Preview

FMS: Pathology > 1. Intro To Pathology > Flashcards

Flashcards in 1. Intro To Pathology Deck (11):
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1. Define and list normal/fundamental housekeeping functions that differentiated cells must perform (objective)

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2. Associate the development of human diseases to deviation of normal cellular structure and function (objective)

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3. Classify diseases by etiologic categories- given a list of disease states, correctly classify them; ie immunologic, infectious, etc. (objective)

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4. Describe histologic techniques used in detection of cellular and tissue abnormalities observed in human diseases (objective)

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Pathology Definition

Study of suffering, study of disease

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Diseases Originate at the Cellular Level

Virchow coined cellular pathology
Modern pathology-study of cellular abnormalities
Diseases best understood in context of normal cellular structure and function

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6 Levels of Structural Organization

Organism, System, Organ (clinical manifestations)
Tissue, Cellular, Chemical (Etiology of Pathogenesis Morphologic Changes)

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Identifying Problems and Making Diagnoses (Steps in Clinical Reasoning)

Identify abnormal findings
Localize findings anatomically
Interpret findings in terms of probable process (pathology)
Make hypotheses about problem (pathology)
Test hypotheses and working diagnosis (pathology)
Develop plan agreeable to patient

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Signs (doctor can see)

Swelling
Redness
Fever

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Symptoms (only patient knows)

Chest pain
Shortness of breath
Nausea
Headache

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Classify By Etiology

VITAMIN C
Vascular, Infectious, Traumatic, Autoimmune, Metabolic, Idiopathic/Iatrogenic, Neoplastic, Congenital