1: Psychological development Flashcards Preview

Child Health Week 3 > 1: Psychological development > Flashcards

Flashcards in 1: Psychological development Deck (12):
1

What is an ACE?

Adverse childhood experience

4+ increases your risk of chronic disease, alcoholism, smoking by stupid amounts

2

Which percentage of GP consultations are related to mental health?

30%

3

People with mental health problems will die ___ years earlier on average.

 

17.4 years

4

When does brain development occur?

Prenatal (in the womb)

Postnatal (into adulthood)

5

What two factors influence brain development?

Nature (biological factors)

Nurture (experiences i.e upbringing)

6

Which insults have an adverse effect on brain development?

Alcohol

Drugs

Infection

Malnutrition

Maternal stress levels

Trauma

7

If a mother is stressed during gestation of their child, which mental health condition is the child more likely to have?

Depression

8

Which genetic disorder causes tuberous growths in brain and can lead to developmental problems?

Tuberous sclerosis

9

Does time of conception have an effect on brain development?

Probably

children conceived in the winter have an increased chance of intellectual disability

10

The brain is particularly sensitive to insults in the (early / late) years of development.

early years

11

What process of brain development occurs postnatally?

Myelination

12

What is epigenetics?

Idea that changes in gene expression, not just structure of genes, can affect phenotype

i.e environment affects phenotype without changing genotype