What is an ACE?
Adverse childhood experience
4+ increases your risk of chronic disease, alcoholism, smoking by stupid amounts
Which percentage of GP consultations are related to mental health?
People with mental health problems will die ___ years earlier on average.
When does brain development occur?
Prenatal (in the womb)
Postnatal (into adulthood)
What two factors influence brain development?
Nature (biological factors)
Nurture (experiences i.e upbringing)
Which insults have an adverse effect on brain development?
Maternal stress levels
If a mother is stressed during gestation of their child, which mental health condition is the child more likely to have?
Which genetic disorder causes tuberous growths in brain and can lead to developmental problems?
Does time of conception have an effect on brain development?
children conceived in the winter have an increased chance of intellectual disability
The brain is particularly sensitive to insults in the (early / late) years of development.
What process of brain development occurs postnatally?
What is epigenetics?
Idea that changes in gene expression, not just structure of genes, can affect phenotype
i.e environment affects phenotype without changing genotype