2: Sick Child 2 - recognising the sick child Flashcards Preview

Child Health Week 3 2017/18 > 2: Sick Child 2 - recognising the sick child > Flashcards

Flashcards in 2: Sick Child 2 - recognising the sick child Deck (8)
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1

What are the general causes of death in children?

PREMATURITY

CONGENITAL DISEASE

INFECTION

...EVENTUALLY TRAUMA IN ADOLESCENCE

2

What is a common trauma-related cause of death for adolescents?

Road traffic collisions

3

What is the commonest reason for acute illness in children?

Sepsis

4

As an infant ages, what happens to their

a) heart rate

b) resp. rate

c) systolic BP?

a) decreases

b) decreases

c) INCREASES

5

What tends to come first in children - respiratory or cardiac arrest?

Respiratory arrest

leading to cardiac arrest

6

(Hypertension / hypotension) is a pre-terminal sign in children.

Hypotension

7

What type of heart rhythm do children tend to have if they have a cardiac arrest following a respiratory arrest?

Asystole

so their chances aren't very good

8

What is the difference between effort and efficiency of breathing?

Effort - what you put into breathing:

RR; Recession; Nasal flaring; Accessory muscles; Grunting

Efficiency - what your lungs get out of that effort:

Chest expansion; Breath sounds; General signs of hypoxia; Pulse oximetry