100 important drugs to know - part 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 100 important drugs to know - part 2 Deck (26):
1

Activated charcoal dose < 12 years of age

1g/kg
Max dose 50g

2

Activated charcoal dose > 12 years of age

50g

3

Activated charcoal indication

Active elimination of poisons

4

Activated charcoal CIs

Reduced GCS - risk of aspiration

5

Acetylcysteine adult dose

150 mg/kg in 200 ml 5% dextrose

Max 110 kg

6

Acetylcysteine side effects

Caution with asthma
Slight increase in INR and PT
Hypersensitivity rash

7

Acetylcysteine indication

Paracetamol overdose

8

Naloxone indication

Opioid overdose

9

Naloxone dose > 12 years of age

400 micrograms,
then 800 microg up to 2 doses,
then 2 mg if still no response

10

Naloxone dose < 12 years of age

100 microg/kg

11

Naloxone half life

up to 30 mins

12

Opioid half life

up to 2 hours

13

Naloxone cautions

Maternal opioid dependence - can precipitate withdrawal in newborn

14

Naloxone SEs

Cardiac arrest - children
Dyspnoea
HTN
Headache

15

Gaviscon funky name

Sodium Aliginate

16

Gaviscon indications

Gastro oesophageal reflux

17

Gaviscon interactions

Calcium carbonate
Sodium bicarbonate

18

Hyoscine drug class

Anti-muscarinic

19

Hyoscine indications

GO reflux
Smooth muscle spasm
IBS

20

Anti-muscarinic CIs

GI obstruction
Myasthenia gravis
Paralytic ileus
Prostatic enlargement

21

Anti-muscarinic cautions

Acute MI
Arrhythmias

22

Anti-muscarinic SEs

Constipation
Dilated pupils
Dry mouth

23

Atropine drug class

Anti-muscarinic

24

Atropine indications

Anterior uveitis
Organophosphorus poisoning
Intra-operative bradycardia

25

Mebeverine drug class

Anti-muscarinic

26

Mebeverine indications

Smooth muscle spasm
IBS