Abnormal Psychology: Chapter 16 Personality Disorders Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Abnormal Psychology: Chapter 16 Personality Disorders Deck (17)
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1
Q

The unique pattern of consistency in behavior that distinguishes each person from every other person.

A

personality

2
Q

An enduring pattern of inner experience and behavior that is inflexible, pervasive, and stable; deviates markedly from the expectations of a person’s culture; and causes significant distress or impairment.

A

personality disorder

3
Q

A psychological attribute that is relatively stable for an individual over time and across different situations.

A

personality trait

4
Q

Experiences that seem to be a natural part of the self.

A

ego-syntonic

5
Q

A personality disorder characterized by habitual suspicion, mistrust, irritability, and hostility.

A

paranoid personality disorder

6
Q

A personality disorder characterized by extreme indifference to social relationships and a pervasive emotional blandness.

A

schizoid personality disorder

7
Q

A personality disorder characterized by odd ways of talking, thinking, acting, and dressing, as well as social isolation and a lack of close relationships.

A

schizotypal personality disorder

8
Q

A personality disorder characterized by extreme attention-seeking behaviors, flamboyance, and suggestibility.

A

histrionic personality disorder

9
Q

A personality disorder characterized by an overinflated sense of self-importance and worth the leads to a sense of entitlement to special privileges and exemptions from the rules that apply to others.

A

narcissistic personality disorder

10
Q

A personality disorder characterized by impulsivity and instability in several areas of functioning, including mood, behavior, self-image, and interpersonal relationships.

A

borderline personality disorder

11
Q

A mental health term that refers to the inability of a person to control or regulate his or her emotional responses to provocative stimuli.

A

emotional dysregulation

12
Q

A personality disorder characterized by repeated rule breaking, chronic manipulativeness, a callous outlook toward the rights of others and society, and tendencies to behave impulsively, dishonestly, irresponsibly, and without remorse.

A

antisocial personality disorder

13
Q

A personality disorder characterized by constant feelings of inadequacy, especially in social situations.

A

avoidant personality disorder

14
Q

A personality disorder characterized by excessive self-sacrifice, an inability to make decisions without exorbitant help, and a dread of being alone.

A

dependent personality disorder

15
Q

A personality disorder characterized by a preoccupation with rules, details, and organization in many aspects of life, so much so that the person is stubbornly perfectionistic.

A

obsessive-compulsive personality disorder

16
Q

A treatment for boardline and other severe personality disorders that is based on psychoanalytic concepts and techniques that work with clients’ early relationship templates to help clients construct a more stable adult identity.

A

transference-focused psychotherapy

17
Q

A comprehensive form of cognitive-behavioral therapy designed specifically for the treatment of BPD. It focuses on increasing skills that allow individuals to accept current difficulties and work toward change.

A

dialectical behavior therapy (DBT)