Abnormal Psychology: Chapter 1 Flashcards
The scientific study of the onset and frequency of disorders in certain populations.
- deviations from social expectations,
- conditions that clinicans treat,
- labels applied to unpopular behavior,
- conditions causing subjective distress and unhappiness, and
- dysfunctions or breakdowns in a biological or psychological process that lead to harm.
A classification system containing categories of disorders and rules for categorizing disorders depending on observable signs and symptoms.
The proability that a person with a mental disorder is diagnosed as having that disorder.
The proability that a person without and mental disorder will be diagnosed as having no disorder.
the clinician correctly concludes that a condition is present.
occurs when the clinician correctly states that the person does not have the condition.
occurs when the clinician concludes that the person suffers a mental disorder when no disorder is, in fact, present.
occurs when the clinician diagnoses no mental disorder when the person actually has one.
The three maor steps in assessment and diagnosis are:
- gather information,
- organizing the information into a clinical description of the person, and
- using this description and a nosology to reach a dianosis.
The Schedule of Affecive Disorders and Schizophrenia (SADS)
Differential diagnosis of more than 20 categories of mental disorder
The Dianostic Interview Schedule (DIS), which led to the Composite Interview (CID)
Used by nonprofessionals in large-scale epidermiological studies of mental disorder
Structured Clinical Interview Schdule for DSM (SCID)
Broad-scale differential diagnoses tied to the DSM criteria
Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children-Revised (DISC-R)
Parallel formats for chidren and parents for making differential dianoses of childhood disorders
Interview: Aniety Disorders Interview-IV
Differential diagnoses among anxiety disorders