1.2 Why Did William Win The Batte Of Hastings? Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 1.2 Why Did William Win The Batte Of Hastings? Deck (30)
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1

Tell me about Harold's navy

Harold expected an invasion from Normandy and needed a navy so demanded ships and seaman from around Country and succeeded very quickly

2

Tell me about Harold's army

Harold had housecarls who were very experienced

Then the fyrd who were less experienced and not well equipped

Harold has no cavalry and no archers

3

Tell me about the way Harold gave orders

Very effective and by mag he raised a several thousand army - stationed across south coast waiting for Williams invasion

4

Who was Tostig

Tostig had been removed from position as earl of Northumbria in 1065 and sent into exile in Flanders
- persuaded harald hardrada had a legitimate claim to thrown and take it from Harold

5

Tell me about the Tostig interlude

In May 1066 Tostig raided towns along the Sussex coast and for a short time occupied the town of sandwich
- but threat of Harold army scared him off up to Lincolnshire and then fled to Scotland to wait for hardrada

With Tostig gone Harold could focus again on the Norman invasion

6

How did William get support

His reputation as a successful warrior and generous man encourager people

7

Tell me about William and the support of the pope

He was given a papal banner to carry into battle - shows pope had blessed their invasion and God was on their side

Pope also promised if Normans won they would be given land in England

8

What did William do about having no army

He called on his lords to bring themselves and their knights from Normandy

9

What did William doing about having no navy

He asked his vassals to provide some ships - but weren't enough so he ordered hundreds of ships to be built which took time

10

How did William plan to secure his position

Wherever they went the Normans built a wooden castle to keep troops safe and control surrounding land

11

How did William save time on building castles in England

Built pre-fabricated castles to take with them - eg prepared timbers in correct sizes and all bolts need to fit them together

12

Tell me about September 8 1066

Harold's army went home

13

Tell me about when Harold's army when home

You couldn't keep an army of 6000 men together forever - three month wait exhausted resources, so on September 8 Harold sent his army home

A few days later William moved entire fleet along the Normandy coast to await good wind to travel

At same time nearly, Tostig and harald hardrada were sailing down with a fleet of 300 ships and up to 8000 soldiers to invade north of England

14

Tell me about early September and the return of the Vikings

Hardrada joined Tostig and on 20 spetember during battle of fulford - earls Edwin and Morcar were degrade and York soon surrendered to hardrada

15

Tell me about mid September and when Harold marched north

Harold regs there's his army and marched 200 miles in under a week north

Caught Tostig and hardrada by surprise on Stamford bridge on 25 September

Fighting lasted a day and Harold won and hardrada and Tostig both died

Within 3 days of winning he received news William had landed in England

16

Tell me about Harold's navy

Harold expected an invasion from Normandy and needed a navy so demanded ships and seaman from around Country and succeeded very quickly

17

Tell me about Harold's army

Harold had housecarls who were very experienced

Then the fyrd who were less experienced and not well equipped

Harold has no cavalry and no archers

18

Tell me about the way Harold gave orders

Very effective and by mag he raised a several thousand army - stationed across south coast waiting for Williams invasion

19

Who was Tostig

Tostig had been removed from position as earl of Northumbria in 1065 and sent into exile in Flanders
- persuaded harald hardrada had a legitimate claim to thrown and take it from Harold

20

Tell me about the Tostig interlude

In May 1066 Tostig raided towns along the Sussex coast and for a short time occupied the town of sandwich
- but threat of Harold army scared him off up to Lincolnshire and then fled to Scotland to wait for hardrada

With Tostig gone Harold could focus again on the Norman invasion

21

How did William get support

His reputation as a successful warrior and generous man encourager people

22

Tell me about William and the support of the pope

He was given a papal banner to carry into battle - shows pope had blessed their invasion and God was on their side

Pope also promised if Normans won they would be given land in England

23

What did William do about having no army

He called on his lords to bring themselves and their knights from Normandy

24

What did William doing about having no navy

He asked his vassals to provide some ships - but weren't enough so he ordered hundreds of ships to be built which took time

25

How did William plan to secure his position

Wherever they went the Normans built a wooden castle to keep troops safe and control surrounding land

26

How did William save time on building castles in England

Built pre-fabricated castles to take with them - eg prepared timbers in correct sizes and all bolts need to fit them together

27

Tell me about September 8 1066

Harold's army went home

28

Tell me about when Harold's army when home

You couldn't keep an army of 6000 men together forever - three month wait exhausted resources, so on September 8 Harold sent his army home

A few days later William moved entire fleet along the Normandy coast to await good wind to travel

At same time nearly, Tostig and harald hardrada were sailing down with a fleet of 300 ships and up to 8000 soldiers to invade north of England

29

Tell me about early September and the return of the Vikings

Hardrada joined Tostig and on 20 spetember during battle of fulford - earls Edwin and Morcar were degrade and York soon surrendered to hardrada

30

Tell me about mid September and when Harold marched north

Harold regs there's his army and marched 200 miles in under a week north

Caught Tostig and hardrada by surprise on Stamford bridge on 25 September

Fighting lasted a day and Harold won and hardrada and Tostig both died

Within 3 days of winning he received news William had landed in England