Hitler's rise to power 1919 - 1933 Flashcards Preview

GCSE History - Weimar & Nazi Germany > Hitler's rise to power 1919 - 1933 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Hitler's rise to power 1919 - 1933 Deck (45)
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1
Q

How many members of the Nazi party were there by 1923?

A

55,000

2
Q

What symbol did Hitler give the Nazi party?

A

swastika

3
Q

What was the Nazi’s political manifesto called?

A

25 Point Programme

4
Q

What was the Nazi party originally called?

A

German Worker’s Party

5
Q

When did Hitler create the SA? Who did he assign to lead it?

A

1921- Rohm

6
Q

Who were the SA made up of?

A

friekorps

7
Q

What sort of speeches would Hitler make?

A

powerful & charismatic

8
Q

What treaty did Hilter want to get rid of?

A

Treaty of Versailles

9
Q

Who did Hitler only want to be granted citzenship of the state in Germany? Why?

A

people of German blood - wanted a ‘pure’ Germany

10
Q

According to the 25 Point Programme, who did Hitler think should have the right to vote?

A

only German citizens

11
Q

According to the 25 Point Progamme, what did all newspaper editors/contributors have to be?

A

german

12
Q

How could non - German newspapers appear?

A

with permission of gov.

13
Q

According to the 25 Point Programme, was religious freedom for all allowed? Under what conditions?

A

yes - views expressed didn’t thrtn or offnd Germans

14
Q

When did the Munich Putsch take place?

A

8th Nov. 1923

15
Q

Where did the Munich Putsch take place?

A

Munich

16
Q

Who was involved in the Munich Putsch?

A

Hitler, 600 Nazis & some of Bavaria’s leading pltcns (ie. Kahr, Seisser & Lossow)

17
Q

What happened during the Munich Putsch?

A
  • Hitler & Nazi Party invdd beer hall
  • held Kahr, Seisser & Lossow @ gunpoint
    -> win support
  • next day, all 3 changed minds & organised police/army to resist putsch
18
Q

What happened as a result of the Munich Putsch?

A

16 Nazis killed
Hitler arrested for treason & Nazi party banned

19
Q

Why was the Year of Crisis a cause of the Munich Putsch?

A

Hitler trying to gain the suport of pple when Weimar gov was @ weakest bc of hyperinflation

20
Q

Why was the SA a cause of the Munich Putsch?

A

Hitler = felt he’d lose control if didn’t give SA something to do

21
Q

Why was Stresemann’s government a cause of the Munich Putsch?

A

Hilter = worried Stresemann may tackle Germany’s economic probs, so acted before unrest died down

22
Q

Why was the crackdown on extremist groups a cause of the Munich Putsch?

A

Hitler = worried that army would crackdown on right wing groups ie. Nazi party

23
Q

How did Hitler’s trial allow the Munich Putsch to become a success?

A

his trial was a propaganda triumph - Hitler bcme well know

24
Q

What three reasons meant that the Munich Putsch was not a success?

A
  • 16 Nazis killed
  • Nazi party banned
  • putsch failed to take power
25
Q

What 2 reasons meant that Hitler’s time in prison allowed the Munich Putsch to become a success?

A
  • Hitler understood he needed to now take a more legal route to power
  • wrote Mein Kampf detailing his ideologies
26
Q

What was the purpose of the Bamberg Conference 1926?

A

reunite Nazi party with common goals using 25PP

27
Q

What were the Lean Years? What time period?

A

1924 - 1928: reunite & organise Nazi Party
-> gain more power by taking legalised route

28
Q

How did Hitler strengthen his position as party leader?

A

1926 - appointed possible rivals as imptnt offcls eg. Goebbels = Gauleiter of Berlin

29
Q

What was Hitler’s bodyguard service called?

A

SS

30
Q

Why did Hitler creater Hitler Youth?

A

display his pwer & influence over adults & young people

31
Q

Why did Hitler remove Rohm as leader of SA?

A

Hitler = concerned Rohm would make SA violent & not listen to his orders

32
Q

When did the Wall Street Crash take place?

A

Oct 1929

33
Q

What caused the Wall Street Crash?

A

share prices fell in value, so people tried to sell them but this ↓ prices even more

34
Q

How did the Wall Street Crash affect Germany?

A

USA had to ask for rprtn loans back = more economic problems in germany

35
Q

How did the Wall Street Crash help Hitler in elections?

A

German ppl lost faith in Weimar Republic & wanted something different to democracy

36
Q

How many people were unemployed in Germany, by 1932?

A

6 million

37
Q

Who was president at the time of WSC?

A

Hindenburg

38
Q

What happens in March 1930 that allows Hitler’s rise to chancellor?

A

Bruning fails to solve econmic issues

39
Q

What happens in May 1932, that allows Hitler’s rise to chancellor?

A

Bruning resigns, von Papen = new chancellor

40
Q

What happens in July 1932, that allows Hitler’s rise to chancellor?

A

elections - Hitler successful

41
Q

What happens in November 1932, that allows Hitler’s rise to chancellor?

A

von Papen fails to get majority

42
Q

What happens in December 1932, that allows Hitler’s rise to chancellor?

A

von Papen forced to resign & von Schleicher appointed

43
Q

What happens in January 1933, that allows Hitler’s rise to chancellor?

A

von Papen forms coalition with Hitler, as Nazis = majority

44
Q

When is Hitler made chancellor? Who is made vice chancellor?

A

30th January 1933 & vice chncllr = von Papen

45
Q

Why was von Papen made vice chancellor?

A

Hindenburg needed someone to keep Hitler in check