Nazi control & dictatorship 1933 -1939 Flashcards
When was the Reichstag Fire?
27th February 1933
What happened in the Reichstag Fire?
gov building brnt down & blamed on van der Lubbe (communist)
Nazis claimed it was communist plot
How did the Reichstag Fire help Hitler move closer to a dictatorship?
Nazi’s prty gnd incrsd spprt due -> cmmnst prty seen as threat & bnnd
When were the 1933 March Elections? What happened?
5th March - Nazis used police & SA -> shut down oppstn
How many Nazi opponents were killed during the 1933 March Election?
How did the 1933 March Elections allow Hitler to move closer to a dictatorship?
Hitler csd fear in oppstn = mr pwr ovr ppl as ppl = afrd
When was The Enabling Act passed?
What was The Enabling Act?
lw tht gv Hitler pwr wtht gng thrgh Rchstg
How did the Enabling Act help move Hilter closer to a dictatorship?
Hitler hd incrsd cntrl ovr as Chncllr, hw Grmny ws rn as cntry
When were trade unions banned?
2nd May 1933
What happened trade unions were banned?
= tkn ovr & ldrs arrstd
mgd -> Grmn Lbr Front mvmnt (DAF)
What happened when parties were banned?
July 1933 - lw pssd bnng ppl frm frmng nw pltcl prts
How did the banning of trade unions and parties help Hitler move closer to a dictatorship?
Hitler hd lss oppstn -> deal w & mntn pwr as chncllr
When was the Night of the Long Knives?
29th - 30th JUne
What happened during the Night of the Long Knives?
Hitler cncrnd incrsd pwr of SA, espclly ldr Ernst Rohm
-> SA ldrs tkn -> Nazi headquarters & sht dead
How did the Night of the Long Knives help Hitler move closer to a dictatorship?
incrsd fear in Hitler’s rvls & mr lylty frm army
When was the Death of Hindenburg?
2nd August 1933
What did Hitler do after the Death of Hindenburg?
md hmslf prsdnt aswll as chcnllr = Fuhrer
How did the Death of Hindenburg help Hitler move closer to a dictatorship?
hd ultmt cntrl ovr Grmny as no lngr smn abv hm
When did the army take an oath of loyalty to Hitler?
20th August 1934