Why was the Provisional Government set up?
After the Tsar had abdicated, the Pro Go acted as a temporary form of goverment until the next Constiuent Assembly.
What were the Pro Go’s first acts?
Release political and religous prisoners, promise full democratic elections, take over land belonging to the Tsar.
Why did the Pro Go carry on the war?
They needed the support of their western allies and they should fight on to achieve victory.
What was the ‘‘dual control”
When there were in fact two goverment in Russia the Pro Go and the Petrograd Soviet where they competed for power and stay in control.
How did the Petrograd Soviet interfere with the Pro Go.
The Petrograd controlled the railway system postal and telegraph services. These were key areas out of the PG’s control. Also through order number 1 which prevented full military control.
What was order number 1?
It is said that the army and the navy would only obey orders from the PG if the Petrograde Soviet approved.
Who was Kerensky?
Kerensky was in charge of the PG (along with Prince Lvov) until it was overthrown by the Bolsheviks.
What problems did the PG face?
They lacked legitmacy, the war crippled the economy and the dual power undermined their authority, failure to hold an election led to distrust.
How did order number one affect the PG ability to govern?
It meant that they could not impose their own rule or law without acceptance from the Petrograd Soviet and that they would have final say on all military matters.
What was the June offensive?
This was a huge failure for the PG and a failure for kKrensky and blow to Russian morale where there were over 200,000 Russian casualities and the Russian army driven backwards by the German forces.
What was the Kornilov revolt?
A point were Kornilov attempted to sieze power by invading Petrograd with brute force to restore discipline by destroying the Petrograd Soviet.
What were the efects of the Kornilov revolt?
Inceased popularity and influence of the Bolsheviks and people saw the Red Guard as protecting the revolution. Kerensky panicked and gave the Red Guard guns, Kerensky also released some important Bolshevik prisoners. Finally, many unhappy soldiers joined the Bolsheviks. The revolt and Kerensky’s reaction had given the Bolsheviks an army.
Why did the Kornilov Revolt fail?
Soliders were persuaded to desert and were no longer following orders, Petrograd workers defended the Petrograd Soviet. Railway workers disrupted the trains carrying soldiers to prevent Kornilov reaching the city.
What were the July days?
It was a protest againest the PG due to the June Offensive. On 3rd July, army units refusing to go to the front, supported by Petrograd factory workers and Kronstadt sailors marched on the Tauride Palace and demanded that the Petrograd Soviet take charge.
What was the Duma committee?
Tsar had ordered the duma to cease meeting and not re assemble until April. However, they ignored him and formed the Duma committee to work for political change and had formally established the PG after the abdication.
What is a soviet?
A committee of elected members representing workers, soldiers and peasants. They took charge of barracks, factories and farms.
How did the formation of soviets interfere with the PG?
Across the city, factory workers and mutinous army and naval untis elected reps to the new petrograd soviet and was becoming choatic.As the PG and petrograd
How did the petrograd soviet spread its ideas?
They had their own newspaper to do this called the “Izvestya”
When did Kerensky become in charge of the PG?
In 1917 after the failure of the June offensive in place of Prince Lvov.
What were the consequences of failing to hold an election?
Allowed to people to say that the PG lacked popular support and made it seem so they wanted to hold onto power creating distrust.
How did the PG fail to meet the peasants demands?
All the peasants wanted was more land and the PG failing to do so led to peasants siezing land by force and resented soldier sent by the PG to stop them. This also happened in July, 1917 and thousands of landowners were attacked and killed as peasants seized land across Russia.
Why did the PG not want to give land?
1.It should wait for after a general election to make huge changes. 2. If land was redistributed soldiers would return from the front lines to get some. 3.The PG was afraid of Russia falling apart in violence and disorder.
Who was General Kornilov and what were his aims?
Kornilov had been made commander in chief with orders to restore discipline. He wanted to create a strong government and deafeat the revolutionary Petrograd Soviet.