Nazi control & dictatorship 1933 -1939 Flashcards Preview

GCSE History - Weimar & Nazi Germany > Nazi control & dictatorship 1933 -1939 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Nazi control & dictatorship 1933 -1939 Deck (50)
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1
Q

When was the Reichstag Fire?

A

27th February 1933

2
Q

What happened in the Reichstag Fire?

A

gov building brnt down & blamed on van der Lubbe (communist)
Nazis claimed it was communist plot

3
Q

How did the Reichstag Fire help Hitler move closer to a dictatorship?

A

Nazi’s prty gnd incrsd spprt due -> cmmnst prty seen as threat & bnnd

4
Q

When were the 1933 March Elections? What happened?

A

5th March - Nazis used police & SA -> shut down oppstn

5
Q

How many Nazi opponents were killed during the 1933 March Election?

A

50

6
Q

How did the 1933 March Elections allow Hitler to move closer to a dictatorship?

A

Hitler csd fear in oppstn = mr pwr ovr ppl as ppl = afrd

7
Q

When was The Enabling Act passed?

A

24th March

8
Q

What was The Enabling Act?

A

lw tht gv Hitler pwr wtht gng thrgh Rchstg

9
Q

How did the Enabling Act help move Hilter closer to a dictatorship?

A

Hitler hd incrsd cntrl ovr as Chncllr, hw Grmny ws rn as cntry

10
Q

When were trade unions banned?

A

2nd May 1933

11
Q

What happened trade unions were banned?

A

= tkn ovr & ldrs arrstd
mgd -> Grmn Lbr Front mvmnt (DAF)

12
Q

What happened when parties were banned?

A

July 1933 - lw pssd bnng ppl frm frmng nw pltcl prts

13
Q

How did the banning of trade unions and parties help Hitler move closer to a dictatorship?

A

Hitler hd lss oppstn -> deal w & mntn pwr as chncllr

14
Q

When was the Night of the Long Knives?

A

29th - 30th JUne

15
Q

What happened during the Night of the Long Knives?

A

Hitler cncrnd incrsd pwr of SA, espclly ldr Ernst Rohm
-> SA ldrs tkn -> Nazi headquarters & sht dead

16
Q

How did the Night of the Long Knives help Hitler move closer to a dictatorship?

A

incrsd fear in Hitler’s rvls & mr lylty frm army

17
Q

When was the Death of Hindenburg?

A

2nd August 1933

18
Q

What did Hitler do after the Death of Hindenburg?

A

md hmslf prsdnt aswll as chcnllr = Fuhrer

19
Q

How did the Death of Hindenburg help Hitler move closer to a dictatorship?

A

hd ultmt cntrl ovr Grmny as no lngr smn abv hm

20
Q

When did the army take an oath of loyalty to Hitler?

A

20th August 1934

21
Q

How did the oath of loyalty allow Hitler to fully become a dictator?

A

Htlr hd incrsd accssblty -> use violence -> flly cntrl ppl

22
Q

Define totalitarian state.

A

systm of gov whch dcttr rqrs all ppl -> cmpltly obey thm

23
Q

What did the SS do?

A

cmttd antismtc hate crms led by Himmler

24
Q

What methods did the SS use?

A

force - slghtd jews

25
Q

What did the SD do?

A

intllgnc usd -> rmve oppstn

26
Q

What methods did the SD use?

A

hgly edctd indvdls eg. lawyers usd -> fnd oppstn

27
Q

What did law courts do?

A

ensrd all orgnstns = cntrlld by Hitler by swrng oath of lylty

28
Q

What methods did law courts use?

A

Hitler cntrlld Reichstag, ddn’t prvd fair trls & cld keep smne in jl for as lng as chsn

29
Q

What did the Gestapo do?

A

scrt ste plce led by Goring & Heydrich = arrstd dsbdnt ctzns

30
Q

What methods did the Gestapo use?

A

pwr -> snd dsbdnt ctzns -> conc camps

31
Q

By 1939, how many people were under arrest for political crimes?

A

160,000

32
Q

What did concentration camps do?

A

pnsh jews, sclsts, cmmnsts, gypsies & gay people etc.

33
Q

What methods did concentration camps use?

A

dehumanisation by harsh lbr & lmtd fd
- also hrsh dscpln, btngs & exctns

34
Q

What percentage of German families owned a radio by 1939?

A

70%

35
Q

What was the total number if cinema goers in Germany in 1933?

A

250 million

36
Q

How did Hitler use film as a form of propaganda to maintain control over Germany?

A

cld prmt idlgs usng pplr frm of media

37
Q

How many people on average would go to the annual rallies at Nuremberg?

A

1 million

38
Q

Why were annual rallies held at Nuremberg?

A

advrts pwr of Nazi state

39
Q

Why was the Church a problem in Nazi Germany?

A

Nazi idls oppsd blfs & vls eg. love & forgvnss

40
Q

How was the Church used and destroyed?

A
  • prtstnt blvrs vtd for Hitler
  • chrch used as sme cmmn blfs eg. imprtnt fmly life
  • chrch = dstryd as Hitler cldn’t hv tlt pwr if ppl blvd in God
41
Q

What did Hitler involving the Catholic Church? What was it? When?

A

July 1933 - Concordat w Pope Pius XI - agrng -> stay out of each othrs bsnss

42
Q

What happened soon after the concordat was signed?

A

Hitler brk it & arrstd prsts

43
Q

Who were the German Christians?

A

grp of prtstnts who admrd Hitler

44
Q

What was the group of protestants called who opposed Hitler? Who were they led by?

A

Pastor’s Emergency League - Pastor Niemoller

45
Q

What eventually happened to Pastor Niemoller?

A

snt -> conc cmp

46
Q

What were swing groups?

A

mddle clss yng ppl who tk prt in actvts tht Hitler dslkd eg. lstng -> swng msc

47
Q

How did swing groups challenge Nazi regime?

A

yth = dsbdnt -> Nazi idls

48
Q

Who were the Edelweiss Pirates?

A

wrkng clss yth grps who lstnd -> swng msc & pntd anti Nazi grfft on wlls

49
Q

What was the membership of the Hilter Youth by 1939?

A

2000

50
Q

How did the Edelweiss Pirates challenge the Nazi regime?

A

yng ppl = nt cnfrmng -> Nazi idls