1.4 The Neck Flashcards Preview

2nd Year - Head and Neck Anatomy > 1.4 The Neck > Flashcards

Flashcards in 1.4 The Neck Deck (28):
1

What are the 4 compartments of the neck?
(In a horizontal section)

1. The Vertebral Compartment
2. The 2 Vascular Compartments
3. The Visceral Compartment

2

What encloses all of the compartments of the neck?
(In a horizontal plane)

The Musculofascial Collar

3

What does the Vertebral Compartment contain?

Cervical Vertebrae
Postural Muscles (Prevertebral and Postvertebral Muscles)

4

What do the Vascular Compartments contain?

Major Blood Vessels
The Vagus Nerve

5

What do the Visceral Compartments contain?

The Thyroid Gland
The Parathyroid Glands
The Pharynx
The Larynx
The Trachea
The Oesophagus
Parts of the Thymus

6

What are the main parts of a Cervical Vertebrae?

Vertebral Body
Transverse Process
Pedicle
Superior Articular Facet
Lamina
Spinous Process
Vertebral Foramen
Transverse Foramen

7

How many Cervical Vertebrae are there?

7

8

What kind of joint is present between the Occipital Condyles and C1 (the Atlas)?

A Synovial Joint consisting of 2 Condyloid Joints
(The Atlanto-Occipital Joint)

9

What kind of joint is present between C1 and C2 at the Odontoid Peg?

A Synovial Pivot Joint
(The Atlanto-Axial Joint)

10

What structures pass through the Transverse Foramen (Foramen Transversum)?

Blood Vessels and Nerves

11

What is the Vertebrae Prominens?

The Spinous Process of C7

12

What is the special feature of the Spines of Cervical Vertebrae?

The are Bifid - They contain 2 different Spinous Processes

13

What curvature exists in the Cervical portion of the Vertebral Column?

Lordotic Curve (Inward Curve)

14

What 2 triangles can the neck be divided into? And what are they?

The Anterior Triangle
The Posterior Triangle
They are descriptive areas to help describe the position of various structures.

15

What forms the boundaries of the Anterior Triangle?

Anteriorly - The Midline
Superiorly - The Mandible Bone
Posteriorly - The Anterior Border of the Sternocleidomastoid Muscle

16

What forms the boundaries of the Posterior Triangle?

Posteriorly - The Trapezius Muscle
Inferiorly - The Clavicle
Anteriorly - The Posterior Border of the Sternocleidomastoid Muscle

17

What is contained within the Anterior Triangle?

1. Arteries:
a) The Common Carotid Artery
b) The External Carotid Artery
c) The Internal Carotid Artery
d) The Facial Artery
2. Veins :
a) The Internal Jugular Vein
b) The Facial Vein
3. Nerves:
a) Cranial Nerves 4, 5, 6, and 7
b) The Laryngeal Nerve
4. Lymph Nodes:
a) The Submandibular Lymph Nodes
b) The Submental Lymph Nodes

18

What is contained within the Posterior Triangle?

1. Arteries: The Occipital Artery
2. Veins: The External Jugular Vein
3. Nerves:
a) The Accessory Nerve (Cranial Nerve XI)
b) The Cervical Nerve Plexus
4: Lymph Nodes

19

What are the attachments of the Sternocleidomastoid Muscle?

Manubrium (of the Sternum) and the Clavicle
The Mastoid Process

20

Which way will the head tilt if the ipsilateral Sternocleidomastoid muscle contracts? And which way would that cause the Face to turn?

To the ipsilateral side
(If the right Sternocleidomastoid contracts, the head tilts to the right)
Resulting in the Face turning to the Left

21

What are the actions of the Trapezius?

Rotates and Retracts the Scapula
Supports the Movements of the Arm

22

Which Nerve innervates the Sternocleidomastoid Muscle, and the Trapezius Muscle?

The Accessory Nerve (Cranial Nerve XI)

23

The Ventral Rami of the Lower Cervical Spinal Nerves emerge from between the Scalene Muscles which form the floor of the Posterior Triangle. What do these Rami collectively form?

The Brachial Plexus

24

Name the 4 Triangles the Anterior Triangle can be split up into.

1. The Submental Triangle
2. The Digastric (Submandibular) Triangle
3. The Carotid Triangle
4. The Muscular Triangle

25

What are the boundaries of the Submental Triangle?

Medially - The Midline
Inferiorly - The Hyoid Bone
Laterally - The Anterior Belly of the Digastric Muscle

26

What are the boundaries of the Digastric (Submandibular) Triangle?

Superiorly - The Body of the Mandible
Anteriorly - The Anterior Belly of the Digastric Muscle
Posteriorly - The Posterior Belly of the Digastric Muscle

27

What are the boundaries of the Carotid Triangle?

Superiorly - The Posterior Belly of the Digastric Muscle
Inferiorly - The Superior Belly of the Omohyoid
Laterally - The Anterior border of the Sternocleidomastoid Muscle

28

What are the boundaries of the Muscular Triangle?

Superiorly - The Hyoid Bone
Medially - The Midline
Superolaterally - The Superior Belly of the Omohyoid Muscle
Superomedially - The Anterior Border of the Sternocleidomastoid Muscle