3.3 The Lymphatics of the Head and Neck Flashcards Preview

2nd Year - Head and Neck Anatomy > 3.3 The Lymphatics of the Head and Neck > Flashcards

Flashcards in 3.3 The Lymphatics of the Head and Neck Deck (45):
1

What is the function of the Lymphatic System?

To drain tissue fluid

2

What is the pathway for the Lymphatic Drainage of the Head and Neck?

1. Regional Lymph Nodes
2. Terminal Lymph Nodes
3. Deep Cervical Lymph Nodes
4. Venous Circulation

3

What are the Deep Cervical Lymph Nodes?

A group of Lymph Nodes which are found as a linked chain of nodes around the Internal Jugular Vein, and within the Fascia of the Carotid Sheath

4

Where can the Deep Cervical Lymph Nodes Chain extend from / to?

From the Base of the Skull to the Thoracic Inlet (Root of the Neck)

5

What do the Efferent Lymphatic Vessels join to form at the inferior end of the Deep Cervical Lymph Nodes Chain?

The Jugular Lymph Trunk (on each side)

6

Where do the Efferent Lymphatics from the Jugular Trunk drain to on the Right-hand Side of the Body?

The Right Lymphatic Duct

7

Where do the Efferent Lymphatics from the Jugular Trunk drain to on the Left-hand Side of the Body?

The Thoracic Duct

8

What are the 6 names of the groups of Lymph Nodes in the Face / Scalp?

1. Parotid Nodes
2. Buccal Nosed
3. Submental Nodes
4. Submandibular Nodes
5. Mastoid Nodes
6. Occipital Nodes

9

What is the location of the Parotid Nodes?

On / In the Parotid Gland

10

What is the location of the Buccal Nodes?

Over the Buccinator Muscle

11

What is the location of the Submental Nodes?

Anteriorly just under the Mandible

12

What is the location of the Submandibular Nodes?

Below the Lower Border of the Body of the Mandible

13

What is the location of the Mastoid Nodes?

Overlying the Mastoid Process

14

What is the location of the Occipital Nodes?

Overlying the Occipital Proturbance

15

Where do the Parotid Nodes drain Lymph from?

1. Scalp surrounding the Parotid Glands
2. Lateral Parts of the Eyelids
3. The Middle Ear

16

Where do the Buccal Nodes drain Lymph from?

The Cheek Region

17

Where do the Submental Nodes drain Lymph from?

1. The Anterior Tongue Tip
2. The Central Part of the Floor of the Mouth
3. The Chin

18

Where do the Submandibular Nodes drain Lymph from?

1. The Front of the Scalp
2. The Nose
3. The Lips
4. The Air Sinuses (Ethmoidal, Frontal, Maxillary)
5. The Teeth / Gums
6. The Anterior Tongue
7. The Floor of the Mouth
8. The Efferent Lymphatics from the Submental Lumph Nodes

19

Where do the Mastoid Nodes drain Lymph from?

1. The Middle Region of the Scalp
2. The External Auditory Meatus

20

Where do the Occipital Nodes drain Lymph from?

The Back of the Scalp

21

Where do the Efferent Lymphatic Vessels from all of the Groups of Lymph Nodes in the Face / Scalp drain into?

The Deep Cervical Lymph Nodes

22

What are the 5 names of the groups of Lymph Nodes in the Neck?

1. The Anterior Cervical Nodes
2. The Superficial Cervical Nodes
3. The Retropharyngeal Nodes
4. The Laryngeal Nodes
5. The Tracheal Nodes

23

What is the location of the Anterior Cervical Nodes?

These lie along the Anterior Jugular Veins

24

What is the location of the Superficial Cervical Nodes?

These lie along the External Jugular Vein

25

What is the location of the Retropharyngeal Nodes?

These lie between the Pharynx and the Vertebral Bodies

26

What is the location of the Laryngeal Nodes?

These lie around the Cricothyroid Ligament

27

What is the location of the Tracheal Nodes?

These lie around the Trachea

28

Where do the Anterior Cervical Nodes drain Lymph from?

Superficial Structures of the Anterior Neck

29

Where do the Superficial Nodes drain Lymph from?

1. The Parotid Lymph Nodes
2. The Angle of the Mandible
3. Structures which lie in the Junctions between the:
a) Neck
b) Face
c) Scalp

30

Where do the Retropharngeal Nodes drain Lymph from?

1. The Nasopharynx
2. The Auditory Tube
3. The Upper Vertebral Cervical Column

31

Where do the Laryngeal Nodes drain Lymph from?

The Larynx and Adjacent Structures

32

Where do the Tracheal Nodes drain Lymph from

1. The Trachea
2. The Thyroid Gland

33

Where do the Efferent Lymphatic Vessels from all of the Groups of Lymph Nodes in the Neck drain into?

The Deep Cervical Lymph Nodes

34

Which group of Lymph Nodes would the Lateral Part of the Eye drain into?

The Parotid Lymph Nodes

35

Which group of Lymph Nodes would the Medial Part of the Eye drain into?

The Buccal Lymph Nodes

36

Which group of Lymph Nodes would the Middle Ear drain into?

The Parotid Lymph Nodes

37

Which group of Lymph Nodes would the Buccal Region drain into?

The Buccal Lymph Nodes

38

Which group of Lymph Nodes would the Sides of the Scalp (Temporal Region) drain into?

The Parotid Lymph Nodes

39

Which group of Lymph Nodes would the Middle Region of the Scalp (near the Mastoid Area) drain into?

The Mastoid Lymph Nodes

40

Which group of Lymph Nodes would the Mastoid Process drain into?

The Mastoid Lymph Nodes

41

Which group of Lymph Nodes would the Back of the Scalp drain into?

The Occipital Lymph Nodes

42

Which group of Lymph Nodes would the Parotid Gland area drain into?

The Parotid Lymph Nodes

43

Which group of Lymph Nodes would the Frontal, Ethmoid, and Maxillary Paranasal Air Sinuses drain into?

The Submandibular Lymph Nodes

44

Which group of Lymph Nodes would the Nose, Mouth and Lips drain into?

The Submandibular Lymph Nodes

45

Which group of Lymph Nodes would the Tip of the Tongue, Central Part of the Mouth, and Mandible drain into?

The Submental Lymph Nodes