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Flashcards in 1.4.2 - Recruitment Deck (24)
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Define Recruitment

The steps undertaken by a business to identify a vacancy and attract suitable candidates


Define Internal Recruitment

The steps undertaken by a business to identify a vacancy and attract suitable candidates from within the business.


Define External Recruitment

The steps undertaken by a business to identify a vacancy and attract suitable candidates from outside of the business.


Explain the Recruitment Process

1. Identify the vacancy
2. Construct a job description
3. Advertise the vacancy
4. Receive Applications
5. Short listing and references
6. Assess candidates
7. Offer position


3 Advantages of Internal Recruitment

> Lower recruitment costs
> Known abilities of candidates
> Quicker process


3 Disadvantages of Internal Recruitment

> Reduces available talent
> Limits amount of applicants
> Can cause internal friction


3 Advantages of External Recruitment

> Increases available talent
> Increases amount of applicants
> Can provide new sources of ideas


3 Disadvantages of External Recruitment

> Higher costs
> May upset overlooked internal candidates
> Not able to see candidates work over time beforehand


Define Selection

The process of shortlisting available candidates for interviews and other tasks


3 Methods of Selection

> Interviews
> Assessment Centres
> Tests (e.g Psychometric)


What is an Assessment Centre?

An institution that facilitates a business conducting multiple tasks, exercises and meetings, held over a period of time, to measure the competency of candidates.


What are the 3 Elements of a Psychometric Test?

> Aptitude - measures the ability to develop skills and knowledge
> Attainment - measures levels of understanding
> Personality - measures aspects of behaviour


What are the 7 Stages of Alec Rodger's Seven Point Plan?

1. Physical Make-Up
2. Attainments
3. Intelligence
4. Aptitudes
5. Interests
6. Disposition
7. Circumstances


Provide Examples for each Point of the Seven Point Plan

1. Health, Appearance, Speech
2. Education, Training, Experience
3. Ability to Learn, Analyse and Evaluate
4. Special Skills
5. Social, Active, Intellectual
6. Humour, Maturity, Independence
7. Mobility and Availability


3 Costs of Recruitment

> Time
> Advertisements
> Fees for Consultancy


3 Costs of Selection

> Managers Time
> Reimbursing Candidate Expenses
> Fees for Assessment Centres


3 Costs of Training

> Productivity time lost of trainee
> Productivity time lost of trainer (if done in house)
> Fees for External Training Providers


Define Training

The process of equipping employees with the skills and knowledge necessary to carry out their job effectively


What Roles Does Training Fulfil in the Business?

> Incentive for applicants
> Lead to internal promotions
> Result in trained employees moving on to alternate jobs


3 Methods of Training

> Induction - introductory training at the very start of the process
> On-the-Job - where a trainee learns from an employee within the business
> Off-the-Job - any form of education that takes place outside of the business


3 Advantages of On-the-Job Training

> Practical experience
> Less costs incurred
> Easier to establish and run


3 Disadvantages of On-the-Job Training

> Productivity time lost from trainer
> Can lead to job errors due to inexperience
> Sometimes shortcuts are made to fasten the process


3 Advantages of Off-the-Job Training

> Professional experience
> No effects to the work environment
> Thorough


3 Disadvantages of Off-the-Job Training

> Costs incurred
> Little practical experience gained
> Can lead to qualifications which give employees the ability to seek greater employment - wasting the investment in training