1.5 Human Genomics Flashcards Preview

Higher Human Biology Unit 1 > 1.5 Human Genomics > Flashcards

Flashcards in 1.5 Human Genomics Deck (14)
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1

Use of computers and statistics in analysis of sequence data

Bioinformatics

2

Short piece of DNA complementary to a target sequence of DNA

DNA probe

3

Use of DNA probes to produce a ‘fingerprint’ of an individual’s DNA

DNA profiling

4

Methods of making a fragment of DNA show up under ultraviolet light

Fluorescent labelling

5

Methods for the separation of DNA fragments using an electric current in a gel

Gel electrophoresis

6

Total genetic material present in an organism

Genome

7

Information about the nucleotide sequence of the entire human genome

Genome sequence data

8

Enzyme from bacteria in hot springs, used in PCR

Heat-tolerant DNA polymerase

9

Development in which treatment is based on an individual’s genome

Personalised medicine

10

Study of evolutionary relatedness of species

Phylogenetic

11

Method of amplifying sequences of DNA

Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)

12

Sequence of DNA that is repeated many times; these are highly individual

Repetitive DNA sequence

13

Information concerning amino acid or nucleotide base sequences

Sequence data

14

Study of the diversification of living organisms past and present

Systematics