What is the ‘Civil Rights Act of 1866?’
This law, an outgrowth of the civil war, prohibits any type of discrimination based on ‘race or color.’
Which act is the following quote derived from? “All citizens of the United States shall have the same right in every state and territory as is enjoyed by white citizens thereof to inherit, purchase, lease, sell, hold, and convey real and personal property.”
The Civil Rights Act of 1866.
The federal Fair Housing Act of 1968 of the civil rights act of 1968 prohibits discrimination against what protected classes?
The Fair Housing Act of 1968 prohibits discrimination against- race, religion, or national origin when selling or leasing residential property (and commercial in NY).
Which class did the 1974 amendment add as another of the protected classes?
Again, in 1988 two more classes were added as protected classes. Name them.
Handicaps and familial status (presence of children in the family).
To whom does the protection of handicapped extend?
Handicap protection extends to those with hearing, mobility, and visual impairments; recovering alcoholics; AIDS; and mental retardation.
Who is not covered by the handicapped protection?
Anyone currently using illegal drugs is not protected as handicapped, nor are those who pose a threat to the health and safety of others.
Give three examples of reasonable accommodations for the disabled.
- Allowing service pets in a no pet building.
- Allow tenants to make necessary modifications to a unit, if they agree to restore property at the time of rental is over.
- Newly constructed buildings with four or more units must be wheelchair accessible.
Under federal law, families with children may be refused rental or purchase in any building where occupancy is reserved exclusively for those who are at LEAST age
What is ‘Steering?’ Is this a violation of fair housing requirements?
Steering is the implication that certain housing is more suitable to persons of a particular race, color, or national origin.
What is ‘Blockbusting?’
Blockbusting is making a profit by inducing owners of housing to sell or rent because of the prospective entry into the neighborhood of persons of particular race, color, religion, national origin, handicap, or familial status.
What is ‘Redlining?’
Redlining is the act of altering the terms or conditions for a home loan to any person who wishes to purchase or repair a dwelling or otherwise denying such a loan as a means of discrimination.