1.8 Ethics Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 1.8 Ethics Deck (17)
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1
Q

Define legislation

A

The law which has been created by acts of Parliament.

2
Q

What does the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act (1988) do?

A

Protects files from being copied without permission.

3
Q

What are the 3 offences of the Computer Misuse Act (1990)?

A

Unauthorised:

1) Access to computer material.
2) Access with intent to commit further offences.
3) Modification of a computer / programs.

4
Q

What does the Data Protection Act (1998) do?

A

Prevents the misuse of your personal info (must be processed fairly and lawfully).

5
Q

Define data subject

A

A person who has data stored about them.

6
Q

Define data controller

A

A person, company or organisation who decides how the personal data will be stored and processed.

7
Q

What does the Freedom of Information Act (2000) do?

A

Allows people to find out information about public organisations.

8
Q

What does the Creative Commons Licensing do?

A

Makes use of copyright laws to protect works whilst allowing them to be shared.

9
Q

What is the problem with higher-skill jobs?

A

It makes low-skill workers unemployed.

10
Q

What is offshore outsourcing?

A

Practice of hiring an external organization to perform some business functions in a country other than the one where the products or services are actually developed or manufactured.

11
Q

How is it beneficial?

A

Leads to greater profits for businesses.

12
Q

What is the digital divide?

A

Not everyone in the world has access to technology and the Internet.

13
Q

Name a cultural issue

A

The digital divide

14
Q

Name some environmental issues

A

1) Computers use large quantities of raw materials and energy.
2) Disposing of old computer equipment is costly to the environment (toxic metals i.e. cadmium and lead).

15
Q

What does UPS stand for?

A

Uninterruptible Power Supply:

Used by data centres.

16
Q

What is Open Source Software?

A

1) Software which users can modify or distribute.
2) Can be installed on any number of computers.
3) Users have access to the source code to further modify and develop the software.

17
Q

What is Proprietary Software?

A

1) Software which users can’t modify as it’s protected by Copyright Design & Patents Act and users do not have access to the source code.
2) Usually paid for and licensed per user or per computer.
3) Usually restricts the number of users or machines that the software can be installed on.