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Flashcards in 1920's Deck (29):
1

what was going on during the 1920's?

prohibition, depression 1929, feminist movement, ford model t & assembly line, organized crime- Al Capone

-lots of change, opposition and conflicts

2

What were some outcomes of the 1920s

economy picks up (certain parts), cars, appliances sell well, Mal distribution, mining was poor, traditional women upset over new things

3

Mal Distribution

uneven distribution of something, especially when disadvantageous or unfair.

4

Credit

OVER ALLIANCE ON CREDIT
-people spend more bc its easier
-allows people to consume more
-take out more debt
-2 emotions on wall street: fear & arrogance

5

What was the effects of Prohibition?

Domestic violence (pushed by women & employers), money spent on alcohol rather than needs, showed up to work hungover, drinking intake was high & was important in daily life

6

What resurfaces in 1915?

The KKK:
-Anti Semitic, anti immigrant, anti catholic
-"100% Americanism" -> White and Protestant

7

Scopes Trial, 1920's

Teacher caught teaching evolution,
deliberately taught to fight the law

8

Speakeasy's

illegal bars during prohibition, social spaces
-Transgressive space - women would change outfits

9

The Great Depression

-25% unemployment rate, started 1928 after Hoover was elected

10

What was good about hoover

Most presidents would've let the depression play out but Hoover was willing to go beyond other presidents
-Strongly believed Gov. shouldn't be in practice of direct relief to citizens

11

Hoover was known as:

The Great Humanitarian
-was a business man who had a successful engineering company
-was the senator of commerce
-ran for president and beat Al Smith
-a physical conservative

12

What else does Hoover try and do to help

-wanted to help farmers with mortgages, tried to do price support and use government buying power
-initiates public works projects (roads, bridges)
-cnt budget his projects

13

What did he sign and what was the outcome?

He signs "Reconstruction Finance Act" for 8-9 Million when they needed billions
-gave loans to businesses and states for reliefs leaving them ultimately responsible.

14

What did hoover decide to raise?

Decided to raise tariffs to protect domestic industry, ended up hurting trade
-Global high tariffs = less trade

15

What president takes over after Hoover and what does he do?

Roosevelt takes office and realizes people are panicking and tries to reassure people
-he's more practical and pragmatic, willing to try new things

16

What did Roosevelt end?

Ended Prohibition- alcohol industry died, had to restart it

17

What does Roosevelt address

Addresses Relief:
-Federal Emergency Relief Act (FERA)
-Public Works Administration (PWA)
-Civilian Conservation Core (CCC)
-National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA)
-Agriculture Adjustment Act (AAA)

Relief, Recovery, Reform

18

Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA)

AAA was a United States federal law of the New Deal era designed to boost agricultural prices by reducing surpluses. The Government bought livestock for slaughter and paid farmers subsidies not to plant part of their land.

19

Wagner Act

Protection for labor

20

Reforms

-National Labor Relations Act (NLRA)
-Wagner Act
-Security Exchange Act (SEA)
-Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)
-Social Security Act

21

1930's in Europe

Forms of Gov. being formed:
Hitler, Nazis, Anti Democratic, Highly Nationalistic, Mussolini, Soviet Union & Stalin (Totalitarian Vision)

22

______ is prime minister during the war

Churchill becomes prime minister

23

What brings the US into the war

Pearl Harbor, attacked by Japanese, US plays commanding role during the war
-Democracy- US was a neutral nation and was seen as pulled into the war

24

When does the war end

April 1965

25

Why is the Cold War called The Cold War?

Bc seen as War of Words, Hostility

26

What was the Scopes Trial?

About Creationism & Evolution:
-Scopes was arrested for teaching evolution & was put on trial - loses

27

What was the 14th point?

League of Nations

28

What were the main ideas of Woodrow Wilson's 14 points?

Woodrow Wilson proposed his plan for a peace treaty that would end World War I. His plan was called the Fourteen Points. Wilson believed the peace treaty should go easy on the defeated Central Powers. He believed a harsh treaty, which was being proposed by Britain, France, and Italy, would come back and haunt the Allies. His fourteen-point plan can be divided into five major themes. First, Wilson believed secret treaties needed to end.

29

What was the impact of WWII on American society?

Increased employment, segregation, ended depression, brought up racial prejudice, making a lot more money