Flashcards in 1920's Deck (29):
what was going on during the 1920's?
prohibition, depression 1929, feminist movement, ford model t & assembly line, organized crime- Al Capone
-lots of change, opposition and conflicts
What were some outcomes of the 1920s
economy picks up (certain parts), cars, appliances sell well, Mal distribution, mining was poor, traditional women upset over new things
uneven distribution of something, especially when disadvantageous or unfair.
OVER ALLIANCE ON CREDIT
-people spend more bc its easier
-allows people to consume more
-take out more debt
-2 emotions on wall street: fear & arrogance
What was the effects of Prohibition?
Domestic violence (pushed by women & employers), money spent on alcohol rather than needs, showed up to work hungover, drinking intake was high & was important in daily life
What resurfaces in 1915?
-Anti Semitic, anti immigrant, anti catholic
-"100% Americanism" -> White and Protestant
Scopes Trial, 1920's
Teacher caught teaching evolution,
deliberately taught to fight the law
illegal bars during prohibition, social spaces
-Transgressive space - women would change outfits
The Great Depression
-25% unemployment rate, started 1928 after Hoover was elected
What was good about hoover
Most presidents would've let the depression play out but Hoover was willing to go beyond other presidents
-Strongly believed Gov. shouldn't be in practice of direct relief to citizens
Hoover was known as:
The Great Humanitarian
-was a business man who had a successful engineering company
-was the senator of commerce
-ran for president and beat Al Smith
-a physical conservative
What else does Hoover try and do to help
-wanted to help farmers with mortgages, tried to do price support and use government buying power
-initiates public works projects (roads, bridges)
-cnt budget his projects
What did he sign and what was the outcome?
He signs "Reconstruction Finance Act" for 8-9 Million when they needed billions
-gave loans to businesses and states for reliefs leaving them ultimately responsible.
What did hoover decide to raise?
Decided to raise tariffs to protect domestic industry, ended up hurting trade
-Global high tariffs = less trade
What president takes over after Hoover and what does he do?
Roosevelt takes office and realizes people are panicking and tries to reassure people
-he's more practical and pragmatic, willing to try new things
What did Roosevelt end?
Ended Prohibition- alcohol industry died, had to restart it
What does Roosevelt address
-Federal Emergency Relief Act (FERA)
-Public Works Administration (PWA)
-Civilian Conservation Core (CCC)
-National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA)
-Agriculture Adjustment Act (AAA)
Relief, Recovery, Reform
Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA)
AAA was a United States federal law of the New Deal era designed to boost agricultural prices by reducing surpluses. The Government bought livestock for slaughter and paid farmers subsidies not to plant part of their land.
Protection for labor
-National Labor Relations Act (NLRA)
-Security Exchange Act (SEA)
-Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)
-Social Security Act
1930's in Europe
Forms of Gov. being formed:
Hitler, Nazis, Anti Democratic, Highly Nationalistic, Mussolini, Soviet Union & Stalin (Totalitarian Vision)
______ is prime minister during the war
Churchill becomes prime minister
What brings the US into the war
Pearl Harbor, attacked by Japanese, US plays commanding role during the war
-Democracy- US was a neutral nation and was seen as pulled into the war
When does the war end
Why is the Cold War called The Cold War?
Bc seen as War of Words, Hostility
What was the Scopes Trial?
About Creationism & Evolution:
-Scopes was arrested for teaching evolution & was put on trial - loses
What was the 14th point?
League of Nations
What were the main ideas of Woodrow Wilson's 14 points?
Woodrow Wilson proposed his plan for a peace treaty that would end World War I. His plan was called the Fourteen Points. Wilson believed the peace treaty should go easy on the defeated Central Powers. He believed a harsh treaty, which was being proposed by Britain, France, and Italy, would come back and haunt the Allies. His fourteen-point plan can be divided into five major themes. First, Wilson believed secret treaties needed to end.