Reconstruction Era Chpt 15-18 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Reconstruction Era Chpt 15-18 Deck (42):
1

Reconstruction

1863-1877
Reconstructing:
equal rights, north & south union, union itself, concession of the union to change, rebuild nation, reconstructing US

2

What does Lincoln try to do

Tries implementing Reconstruction during the war and thought if states started rejoining union it would be a domino effect

3

What is Lincoln going to want states to do to rejoin the union?

Wants to make it possible and easy for them to return, wants to maintain union and take loyalty vote to the union

4

Lincoln’s thoughts on Blacks

Doesn’t believe in black equal rights, not an abolitionist
- fights the war to keep the union not because of slavery

5

What happens after Lincoln’s assignation

Southern Democrat Andrew Jackson takes his place, creates problem

6

What does Jackson want

Wants to reconstruct as well

7

What does the north want as reconstruction

Voting rights, black equality, civil rights for freed people, 13th amendment implemented (later does end of 1865)

8

Andrew Jackson was

A white supremacist

9

What did the Black Code Laws do

Circumscribed their laws
Limits economic rights/political
Can’t carry firearms

10

White southerners response after 1867:

KKK promotes white supremacy, secret org.
They killed and burned buildings/property
Intimated not to vote

11

15th amendment

No state shall deny someone the right to vote
- southern whites use their power

12

14th amendment

Defined citizenship in us
If you’re born on US soil, you’re a citizen
- no state shall deny equal protection of law or due process (can’t hold someone without charging them)
TREATED EQUAL NO DISTINCTION

13

Reconstruction

Attempt to reconstruct the nation and union

14

What did northerners do to prevent blacks from going north

Put up bonds (pay money) to enter a state
-embraced abolishment of slavery but not equality

15

Plexus vs Ferguson

1896/ separate but equal
- upheld racial segregation restrictions in public facilities, as long as segregated facilities were equal in quality

16

How do freed people make a living?

Became sharecroppers - produce crop on rented land and get paid for how much produced

A method of control
-skill sets in agriculture, factors/merchants/planters

17

Factors, Merchants, sharecroppers

Factors, borrow money
Merchants, planters
Sharecroppers, borrow money and rent land

18

Crop lien system

To obtain needed supplies each year, had to promise their crops to local merchants who then sold them goods on credit. Any outstanding debts were added to their bills the following year

19

Who voted for republicans

Southern whites

20

Industrialization

Increased urbanization- need concentration of workers

21

What changed during industrialization

Saw woman and children working- no age limit to bring extra $$
-unionization, rise and legitimacy
-mechanization- rise of injuries- sleep deprivation from long hours

22

Attorney general

Richard oney
-breaks strikes and unions

23

AFL

American federation of labor
Saw native Americans as foreigners
Excluded them as citizens, couldn’t become citizens

24

JP Morgan

Banker,
Helps himself, economy evolving into a business economy, which provides capital for economical expansion- help shape it

25

Boss Tweed

Corruption within city government
- wants political loyalty in return to assistance (housing)
- maintains power through loyalty

26

Imperialism

Extending power over another inhabited territory
-accompanies exploitation
- emerges 1890s
-industrial capabilities to take over
-economic, commerce, trade justification, social just.

27

1890s

US expands to Hawaii

28

Civilized and uncivilized nations

West is superior

29

Spanish American War, 1898

Invades Cuba, was a Spanish colony
Cuba wants independence
-US interested in resources

30

US becomes interested in Philippines

Wants harbors, railroads
-replace Spanish with Americans

31

Sphere of influence

A country or area in which another country has power to affect developments although it has no formal authority.
- China was opposed upon

32

Open door policy

Best way to avoid conflict with China was to keep an open market for all

33

Panama Canal

-interlock system
-make treaty with panama, wants canal
-sees as independent nation

34

Progressivism - Era of Reform

Labor and social reform, economical

35

Muckgreggors

Journalists reporting everything and real exposure

36

Banking reforms

Federal reserve banking system
Extends loans to private banks
Banks loan money to private sectors

37

Clayton Antitrust Act

A

38

The Great War 1914

Huge expands of territory, mass devastation & casualties
-1st use of aerial warfare, submarine and torpedo ships

39

What caused war

Started with assignation of arch duke frans Ferdinand
-Land and Territory

40

How did a British ship get torpedoed

It was a passenger ship carrying military supplies, illegal, not expecting to get caught

41

Woodrow Wilson’s famous line

I kept us out of the war

Wants to side with democracy

42

14 points

League of Nations
-collective security- group of nations could protect each other (collective protection)

-Addresses issuers that lead to war
US never joins L.O.N