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Flashcards in -1945 Deck (18):

One difference between the administrations of President Franklin D. Roosevelt and President Herbert Hoover is that Roosevelt was

more willing to use government intervention to solve economic programs


Much of the domestic legislation of the New Deal period was based on the idea that the federal government should

assume some responsibility for the welfare of the people


How did the power of government change during the Civil War and the Great Depression?

Presidential powers were expanded


The strongest opposition to President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal programs came from

business leaders


The creation of the Tennessee Valley Authority is an example of

federal intervention to meet regional needs


The Dust Bowl experiences of the Oklahoma farmers during the Great Depression demonstrated the

effect of geography on people’s lives


To try to correct the problem shown in the cartoon, President Franklin D. Roosevelt proposed

increasing the number of justices on the Supreme Court


Which action by President Franklin D. Roosevelt challenged the principle of checks and balances?

trying to increase the number of justices on the Supreme Court


The Supreme Court declared some New Deal laws unconstitutional because these laws

overextended the power of the federal government


The National Labor Relations Act (Wagner Act) of 1935 gave labor unions the right to

represent workers in collective bargaining


The National Labor Relations Act (Wagner Act) of 1935 strengthened labor unions because it legalized

collective bargaining


Which event is mostly closely associated with the end of the Great Depression?

beginning of World War II


Between 1934 and 1937, Congress passed a series of neutrality acts that were designed primarily to

avoid mistakes that had led to American involvement in World War I


A primary objective of United States foreign policy during the 1930’s was to

avoid involvement in Asian and European conflicts


Prior to United States entry into World War II, Congress passed the Cash-and-Carry Act of 1939 and the Lend-Lease Act of 1941. These foreign policy actions showed that the United States

became increasingly drawn into the war in Europe


During World War II, posters of Rosie the Riveter were used to

Recruiting women into war time industries


World War I and World War II brought about changes for minorities and women because these conflicts led to

the creation of new job opportunities


What was a key challenge faced by the United States during World War II?

fighting the war on several fronts