Flashcards in 1b.3 DM - Case Studies Deck (10)
What were the environmental impacts of Hurricane Harvey?
Know some of these:
Low-lying land with deltas
Chemical spill from a pipeline contaminated flood waters
Stagnant water carried West Nile virus
Alligators in people's houses.
Damage to swamp on the coastline
What were the social impacts of Hurricane Harvey?
107 deaths – 103 in Texas, mainly flooding
1,000 homes destroyed, 17,000 with major damage
What were the economic impacts of Hurricane Harvey?
$125 billion of damage
Oil refinery closed – fuel shortage, 10% drop in oil production
Cotton fields damaged, harvest ruined
Insurance bill of $10bn
What were the environmental impacts of Typhoon Haiyan?
7m high waves – 4m storm surge
71,000ha of farmland ruined
Oil spill – mangrove ecosystems damaged
Major roads blocked by trees
What were the social impacts of Typhoon Haiyan?
1.9 million people homeless
6 million people displaced
Government devastated – 70 workers out of 2,500
Widespread looting by escaped prisoners
What were the economic impacts of Typhoon Haiyan?
$5.8 billion of damage
6million workers lost income
Rice, corn and sugar-production destroyed
Tacloban City Airport flooded – planes couldn’t land
Fishing communities – 30,000 lost boats
What were some of the short-term responses to Hurricane Harvey (USA)?
Charity response, e.g. American RedCross
Commercial planes used to evacuate and bring in supplies
Local companies provided meals for volunteers and victim
Singapore shared Chinook helicopters, Israel sent $1m, Mexico sent volunteers rescuers, and Venezuela provided $5m
What were some of the long-term responses to Hurricane Harvey (USA)?
Federal Government provided $15bn – for flood insurance, low-interest rebuilding loans, hotel room costs,
What were some of the short-term responses to Typhoon Haiyan, Philippines?
Emergency aid from charities – repairing fishing boats and distributing rice seeds
£480m was raised by an international UN Appeal
Taiwan mobilised 31,000 workers to clear debris and ‘OpenStreetMap’ the Philippines