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Flashcards in 1er Parcial Deck (28)
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1

What is supply chain

All are the parties involved in the process of manufacturing or making a service to fullfill the customer requierements

2

¿What is supply chain management?

Is all the process, starting from obtaining raw materials to delivery of the products to the final consumer.
Role: Plan, organize and control all supply chain activities
Goal: Optimize the use of resources

3

¿What is logistics?

Is the art and science of obtaining, producing and distributing material and product in the proper place and in proper quantities and time

4

What is value?

What customer is willing to pay

5

What are inbound logistics?

Purchasing and obtaining raw material and Production

6

What are outbound logistics?

Finished goods transportation and retailing (customers).

7

ERP:
MPS:
PT:
CRP:
MRP
3PL:
EDI:
APICS:
B2B:
RCCP:
ERP:
VMI:
DFM:
SRM:
ISCM:
CRM:
EOT:
MTO:Make
BTO:
CTO:
MTS:

ERP: Enterprise Resource Planning.
MPS: Master Production Schedule.
PT: Producto terminado
CRP: Capacity Resource Planning
MRP II: Manufacturing Resourcing Planning
3PL: Third Party of Logistics.
EDI: Electronic Data Interchange
APICS: American Production and Inventory Control Society
B2B: Business to business
RCCP: Rough cut capacity planning
ERP: Enterprise Resource Planning
VMI: Vendor Managed Inventory
DFM: Design for manufacturing
SRM: Supplier Relationship Management.
ISCM: Internal Supply Chain Management
CRM: Customer Resource management
EOT: Engineering to Order
MTO:Make to Order
BTO: Build to Order
CTO: Complete to Order
MTS: Make to stock

8

Supply chain vs logistics

Logistics are the group of processes related to your principal activity, your first level customers and your first level suppliers. Supply chain is more complex because it includes more than the first level of customers and fisrt level of suppliers

9

4 mensajes de excepcion del MRP

● Necesitas más (pull in’s):
○ 1-Los necesitas antes. ← El MRP te dice que adelantes la orden.
○ 2- Necesitas más. ← El MRP te abre una orden.
● Necesitas menos (push out’s):
○ 3-Lo necesitas después
○ 4-Ya no los necesitas ← El MRP te dice que canceles la orden, obvio ya dependen los términos y condiciones.

10

What is quality?

The requierements that the customer wants. All the characteristics that the customer requieres.

11

Who defines quality?

The customer defines the quality

12

Customer expectations

The customer expectations are not measurable but the spefications are measurable

13

What provide value

Price
Quality
Delivery
Pre post sale service
Flexibility
Availability

14

What are reverse logistics

When a product is going backwards, like defects, recalls or recycling

15

What is demand planning hierarchy

Business plan
S&OP
MPS
MRP
Production control
Procurement

16

Que es el VMI

Vendor Managed Inventory
Es un sistema en el que el vendedor maneja el inventario, es decir los puntos de reorden. Asi como que es el responsable de que siempre tengas inventario

17

RCCP

Rough Cut Capacity Planning
: is a long-term plan capacity planning tool that marketing and production use to balance required and available capacity

18

What is MRP2

Estos no solo calculan los recursos necesarios, su cantidad y el calendario de acuerdo a la demanda, sino que tienen en cuenta toda la organización empresarial.

ara resumirlo, el MRP II integra tanto los recursos de fabricación (materias primas, componentes, insumos, mano de obra, herramientas, maquinaria, capital) con otras áreas como la administración, ventas o comerciales

19

Objectives of supply chain

Maximize value generated
Supply chain profitablity

20

Phases in a supply chain

Supply chain strategy or design
Supply chain planning
Supply chain operation

21

Yield

Goods/total

22

El diseño a que va ligado

A funcionalidad y manufacturabilidad

23

Macro areas del Supply Chain

Customer Relationship Management (CRM)
All processes that focus on the interface between the firm and its customers

Internal supply chain management (ISCM)
All processes that are internal to the firm

Supplier Relationship Management (SRM)
All processes that focus on the interface between the firm and its suppliers

24

Profit =

Revenue- costs

25

How to reduce costs

Lower production cost
Inventory investmen
Distribution cost

26

Que es un defecto y un scrap

El defecto es reparable
el scrap es una pieza buena que tuvieron un defecto y no se puede reparar

27

Transportation concepts

Repetitive schedules
Cross- Docking
Drop- shipping
Milk runs
Freight consolidation
Local final assembly operation

28

Manufacturing strategies

ETO: Engineering to order (casas, estacionamientos, centros comerciales)
MTO/BTO: Make to order or build to order (ya existe el diseño pero se esperan a la orden de compra)
CTO: Complete to order (dell) se ensambla la computadora especifica que pide el cliente
MTS: Make to stock (todo lo que se encuentra en la tienda)