1GB1 - Malawi's Barriers to Development Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 1GB1 - Malawi's Barriers to Development Deck (17)
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1

Which country colonised Malawi?

Britain

2

What was Malawi colonised for?

Coffee and Tea plantations

3

Who owns Malawi’s plantations now?

British TNCs

4

How do Malawi’s farmers survive?

They’re subsistence farmers – just growing enough to surface. Paid 1p/km of tea leaves or coffee cherries

5

What do TNCs provide Malawi’s farmers with?

Housing, water, firewood, lunch

6

What hazard results from Malawi’s equatorial tropical climate?

Flooding during wet season of November to April

7

What was the impact of the disaster in 2015

Floods displaced 336,000 people
Washed away 64,000ha of agricultural land

8

How many people live in urban / rural areas?

85% in rural areas

9

What’s the infrastructure like?

Poor
Isolated village
Dirt roads, taking hours to travel 20km to local markets

10

Which ocean is Malawi connected to?

None, its landlocked

11

What’s the best way to export

Via Mozambique (Navala), via a 200km single track railway

12

What does Malawi export?

Tobacco, sugar, tea

13

What does Malawi import?

Fertiliser, fuel, manufactured goods

14

What determines the price of coffee / tea they export?

Global market price of coffee and tea

15

How much aid does Malawi receive?

Not much, the International Monetary Fund has withdrawn aid because of corruption

16

How do we know Malawi’s government might be corrupt?

The President bought a private Presidential jet using money that was supposed to be used for the fuel infrastructure (people don’t have much access to fuel)

17

Why doesn’t Malawi export roasted beans to the EU?

EU tariffs prevent them.
But: the EU has no tariff on raw beans
But: raw beans get less money than roasted beans when you sell them.