Flashcards in 1GB1 - Malawi's Barriers to Development Deck (17)
Which country colonised Malawi?
What was Malawi colonised for?
Coffee and Tea plantations
Who owns Malawi’s plantations now?
How do Malawi’s farmers survive?
They’re subsistence farmers – just growing enough to surface. Paid 1p/km of tea leaves or coffee cherries
What do TNCs provide Malawi’s farmers with?
Housing, water, firewood, lunch
What hazard results from Malawi’s equatorial tropical climate?
Flooding during wet season of November to April
What was the impact of the disaster in 2015
Floods displaced 336,000 people
Washed away 64,000ha of agricultural land
How many people live in urban / rural areas?
85% in rural areas
What’s the infrastructure like?
Dirt roads, taking hours to travel 20km to local markets
Which ocean is Malawi connected to?
None, its landlocked
What’s the best way to export
Via Mozambique (Navala), via a 200km single track railway
What does Malawi export?
Tobacco, sugar, tea
What does Malawi import?
Fertiliser, fuel, manufactured goods
What determines the price of coffee / tea they export?
Global market price of coffee and tea
How much aid does Malawi receive?
Not much, the International Monetary Fund has withdrawn aid because of corruption
How do we know Malawi’s government might be corrupt?
The President bought a private Presidential jet using money that was supposed to be used for the fuel infrastructure (people don’t have much access to fuel)