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Flashcards in 1st semester: Midterm Deck (51)
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1

Votive (figures)

A gift of gratitude to a deity

2

Hieratic scale


An artistic technique in which the importance of figures is indicated by size, so that the most important figure is depicted as the largest.

3

Pictograph

a pictorial symbol for a word or phrase

4

Cella

Center chamber of Greek temple that holds cult statue

5

Stele

A carved stone slab used to mark graves or to commemorate historical events used in Mesopotamian society

6

Ka

central to ancient Egyptian belief; can be described as a “life force” or “spirit” in our terms; something that exists beyond the physical body but is at the same time of it. Accommodating the ka after death is important, thus, the need for likenesses (in various forms) of physical bodies

7

Composite view

Representation in which part of the figure is shown in profile and another part of same figure is shown frontally. 

8

Corbeled vaulting

An arch formed by the piling of stone blocks in horizontal courses, cantilevered inward until the blocks meet at a keystone (NOT true arch)

9

Post and lintel construction

A construct with a crossbeam placed across the top of two uprights. Used in Neolithic times.

10

Engaged Column

A flat, rectangular column projecting from a wall which it forms a part. Has a base and capital, and is often fluted.

11

Dome

Hemispherical vault; beehive shaped in Mycenaean architecture.

12

Fresco

A technique of painting on walls covered with moist plaster. Used in Minoan and Mycenaean palaces and Roman villas. Either dry or wet latter is mixed with water and bound to moist lime plaster.

13

Carytid

female figures acting as columns

14

Phidian Drapery

Clothing intended to show the form underneath

15

Kore

the name given to a type of free-standing ancient Greek sculpture of the Archaic period depicting female figures, always of a young age. (Kouroi male figure)

16

Contrapposto

A style of Greek sculpture where people are depicted standing and leaning so that the person's weight is being put on one side. People are depicted with their bodies curved like an "S"

17

Naturalistic

human form render well

18

Veristic

an interest in the faithful reproduction of the immediate visual and tactical appearance of subjects; harsh or severe realism.

19

Mosaic

Patterns or pictures made by embedding tesserae (small pieces) of stone/glass onto walls and floors. Used to tell stories of worship in Christian art.

20

Sarcophagus

A coffin made of stone; decorated with paintings. Used in Egypt and Rome 

21

Arch

A curved structural member that spans and opening and is generally composed of wedge-shaped blocks that transmit the downward pressure laterally

22

triumphal arch

A large monument in the shape of an arch that celebrates a leader or a military victory

23

Barrel vault

The simplest form of vault consisting of an unbroken series of arches; it forms a tunnel like shape

24

Groin vault

Formed at the point at which 2 barrel vaults intersect at right angles; 4 pathways created

25

Oculus

A hole at the top of a dome

26

coffer (coffering)

A sunken ornamental panel in vault or ceiling to lessen weight of dome

27

Basilican or Longitudinal Plan

Christian plan that includes: nave, aisles, apse, transept, narthex, atrium. Favored by Western Christians.

28

Central Plan

that has equal dimensions around center; typically round/polygonal

29

Nave

Large central space of a basilica, surrounded by aisles. In a longitudinal plan, a transept is at an end of this.

30

Aisle

Portion of a basilica next to the nave; separated by columns/piers