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Flashcards in terms Final Deck (60)
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1

Altarpiece

A panel, painted or sculpted, situated above or behind an altar

2

Ambulatory

A covered walkway, outdoors or indoors; especially the passage around the apse and the choir of a church

3

Atmospheric perspective

the illusion of distance by the greater diminution of color intensity, the shift of color to an almost neutral blue, and the blurring of contours as the intended distance between the eye and the object increases

4

barrel vault

an uninterrupted series of arches, one behind another, over an oblong space

5

Baroque

describes art that features dramatic theatricality and elaborate ornamentation (European art from 1600-1750)

6

Bay

The space between two columns or the unit in the nave arcade of a church

7

Chiaroscuro

In drawing and painting, the treatment and use of light and dark, especially the gradations of light that produce the effect of modeling

8

Counter-Reformation

The Catholic Church's campaign to counteract the defection of its members to Protestantism

9

Clerestory

The fenestrated part of a building that rises above roofs of other parts

10

Cloisonne

a decorative metal work technique employing cloison

11

Compound pier

a pier with a group or cluster of attached shafts or responds especially characteristic of gothic architecture

12

Diptych

a two-paneled painting or alterpiece

13

Empiricism

the theory that all knowledge is derived from sense-experience. Stimulated by the rise of experimental science

14

Engaged columns

a half-round column attached to a wall.

15

Engraving

The process of incising a design in hard material

16

Enlightenment

The western philosophy based on empirical evidence that dominated the 18th century. The Enlightenment was a new way of thinking critically about the world and about humankind, independently of religion, myth, or tradition

17

foreshortening

The use of perspective to represent in art the apparent visual contraction of an object that extends back in space at an angle to the perpendicular plane of sight

18

Flying buttress

consists typically of an inclined member carried on an arch or a series of arches and a solid buttress to which it transmits lateral thrust.

19

French Revolution

an uprising in France against the monarchy from 1789 to 1799 which resulted in the establishment of France as a republic.

20

Fresco

painting on lime plaster

21

gothic

used to describe the history, culture, and art of western Europe in the 12th-14th centuries

22

groin vault

formed at the point at which two barrel vaults intersect at right angles

23

Humanism

an emphasis on education and on expanding knowledge, the exploration of individual potential and a desire to excel, and a commitment to civic responsibility and moral duty

24

Iconography

Greek, "The writing of images." The term refers both to the content , or subject, of an artwork and to the study of content in art. It also includes the study of the symbolic , often religious, mean of objects, person s, or events depicted in works of arts.

25

Iconoclasm

The destruction of religious or sacred images

26

Illusionism

The representation of the three dimensional world on a two dimensional surface

27

Industrial Revolution

the movement in which machines changed people's way of life as well as their methods of manufacture

28

Jamb

The side posts of a doorway

29

Lancet window

tall pointed window ending in a pointed arch

30

Linear perspective

all parallel lines converge on one two or three vanishing points