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Flashcards in 1st set of cards Deck (119):
1

Major unit of action in drama or play. Each act can be further divided into smaller sections called scenes

Act

2

story in which people, things, and actions represent idea about life; often have a strong MORAL or lesson

Allegory

3

repetition of consonant sounds @ beginning of words (tongue twisters)

alliteration

4

reference in literary work to a person, place, or thing in history or another work of literature...often indirect or brief references to well-known characters or events

allusion

5

comparison of 2 or more like objects...suggest if they are alike in certain respects, they will probably be alike in other ways as well

analogy

6

brief account of an interesting incident or event; usually intended to entertain or make a point

anecdote

7

character in a story or poem, deceives, frustrates, or works against the main character=protagonist in the same way...Doesn't necessarily have to be a person, could be death, the devil, an illness, or any challenge that prevents the main character from living "happily ever after."

antagonist

8

actor's speech; directed to audience; not supposed to be heard by other actors on stage; used to let audience know what a character is about to do or what he/she is thinking

aside

9

repetition of vowel sounds within a line of poetry

assonance

10

particular group of readers or viewers that writer is addressing; writer considers his/her audience when deciding on subject , a purpose for writing & the tone &style in which to write

audience

11

writer of a book, article or other text

author

12

his or her reason for creating a particular work; can be to entertain, explain or inform, express an opinion, or to persuade

author's purpose

13

form of nonfiction in which a person tells the story of his/her life

autobiography

14

poem; tells a story & meant to be sung or recited

ballad

15

story of a person's life; written by someone else

biography

16

unrhymed iambic pentameter

blank verse

17

a pause or sudden break in a line of poetry

caesura

18

2 events are related as cause and effect when one event brings about or causes the other.. The event that happens 1st is the cause; the one that follows is the effect

cause and effect

19

person responsible for thoughts & actions within a story, poem, or other literature. Are extremely important b/c they are the medium through which a reader interacts w/ a piece of literature. Every character has his/her own personality, which a creative author uses to assist in forming the plot of a story or creating a mood.

character

20

picture or imitation of a person's habits, physical appearance or mannerisms exaggerated in a comic or absurd way

caricature

21

character who serves as a contrast or a conflict to another character

foil

22

character whose actions are inspiring or noble; often the main character in a story

hero/heroine

23

the characters who are central to the plot of a story; main characters are usually dynamic & round

main characters

24

a less important character who interacts w/ the main characters, helping to move the plot along and providing background for the story...usually static and flat

minor characters

25

all techniques writers use to create characters

characterization

26

character's personality; NOT a physical description of character

character trait

27

author directly states a character's traits or makes direct comments about character's nature

direct characterization

28

character who changes through out course of story

dynamic character

29

character about whom little info is provided

flat character

30

author doesn't directly state a character's traits instead the reader draws conclusions and discovers a character's traits based upon clues provided by the author

indirect characterization

31

character who is fully described by the author (several character traits, background info, etc.)

round character

32

character who does not change or who changes very little in the course of a story

static character

33

repetition in literature of one or more lines at regular intervals; also called a refrain

chorus

34

order which events happen in time

chronological order

35

reader's process of pausing occasionally while reading to quickly review what he/she understands. By clarifying as they read good readers are able to draw conclusions about what is suggested but not stated directly

clarifying

36

type of FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE containing an over used expression or a saying that is no longer considered original

cliché

37

the turning point, point of maximum interest, and highest tension in the plot of a story, play, or film...usually occurs towards the end of story after the reader has understood the conflict and become emotionally involved w/ the characters. At the climax the conflict is resolved , and the outcome of the plot becomes clear

climax

38

a dramatic work that is light and often humorous in tone & usually ends happily w/ peaceful resolution of main conflict

comedy

39

process of identifying similarities

comparison

40

type of poetry; uses its physical or visual form to present its message

concrete poetry

41

tension or problem in the story; a struggle between opposing forces

conflict

42

the dominant or most important conflict in the story

central conflict

43

problem or struggle that exists between the main character and an outside force (ex. person vs person, person vs society, person vs nature, person vs the supernatural, person vs technology, etc.)

external conflict

44

problem or struggle that takes place in the main character's mind (person vs self)

internal conflict

45

a reader's process of relating the content of a literary work to his or her own knowledge and experience

connecting

46

the idea and feeling associated w/ a word as opposed to its dictionary definition or DENOTATION

connotation

47

the repetition of consonant sounds anywhere within a line of poetry; ALLITERATION is a specific type of consonance

consonance

48

hints or suggestions that may surround unfamiliar words or phrases & clarify their meaning

context clues

49

the process of pointing out differences between things

contrast

50

a rhymed pair of lines in a poem. One of William Shakespeare's trademarks was to end a SONNET with a couplet, as in the poem "Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer's Day":
So long as men can breathe or eyes can see,
So long as lives this, and this gives life to thee

couplet

51

opposite of CONNOTATION in that it is the exact or dictionary meaning of a word

denotation

52

form of language; is spoken in a particular place or by a particular group of people

dialect

53

conversation between CHARACTERS in a DRAMA or narrative..occurs in most works of literature

dialogue

54

form of literature meant to be performed by actors before an audience...the characters' dialogue and actions tell the story..(also called a play) written form of a play is known as a script

drama

55

a brief tale that teaches a lesson about human nature...often feature animals as characters

fable

56

fact is a statement that can be proved. An opinion, in contrast, is a statement that reflects the writer's or speaker's belief, but which cannot be supported by proof or evidence

fact and opinion

57

work of literature that contains at least one fantastic or unreal element

fantasy

58

prose writing that tells an imaginary story... includes both short stories and novels

fiction

59

expressions that are not literally true...simile, metaphor, hyperbole, understatement, irony, oxymoron, cliche, metonymy

figurative language or figure of speech

60

an interruption of the chronological sequence (as in a film or literary work) of an event of earlier occurrence... is a narrative technique that allows a writer to present past events during current events, in order to provide background for the current narration

flashback

61

traditions, customs and stories that are passed down within a culture... contains various types of literature such as legends, folktales, myths, and fables

folklore

62

simple story that has been passed from generation to generation by word of mouth..are told primarily to entertain rather than to explain or teach a lesson

folktale

63

a unit of meter within a line of poetry

foot

64

when the writer provides clues or hints that suggest or predict future event in a story

foreshadowing

65

poetry w/o regular patterns of rhyme and rhythm...often used to capture the sounds and rhythms of ordinary speech

free verse

66

broad statement about an entire group

generalization

67

type of category of literature... four main literary genres include: fiction, nonfiction, poetry, and drama

genre

68

a traditional form of Japanese poetry, usually dealing w/ nature... has three lines and describes a single moment, feeling or thing. First and third lines contain 5 syllables and 2nd line contains 7 syllables

haiku

69

a COUPLET consisting of 2 successive rhyming lines that contain a complete thought

heroic couplet

70

fiction that explores a past time period & may contain references to actual people and events of the past

historical fiction

71

fiction that contains mysterious and often supernatural events to create a sense of terror

horror fiction

72

the quality that provokes laughter or amusement...created by writers through exaggeration, sarcasm, amusing descriptions, irony, and witty dialogue

humor

73

figure of speech in which the truth is exaggerated for emphasis or humorous effect

hyperbole

74

phrase or expression that means something different from what the words actually say (ex: "over his head" instead of "He doesn't understand")

idiom

75

use of words & phrases that appeal to the five senses...writers use sensory details to help readers imagine how things look, feel, smell, sound, and taste.

imagery

76

a logical guess based on evidence in the text

inference

77

meeting in which 1 person asks another about personal matters, professional matters or both

interview

78

contrast between what is expected & what actually exists or happens... spices up literary work by adding unexpected twists and allowing the reader to become more involved with the characters and plot

irony

79

occurs when the speaker means something totally difference than what he or she is saying and often times the opposite of what a character is saying is true

verbal irony

80

occurs when facts are not known to the characters in a work of literature but are known by the audience

dramatic irony

81

suggests that some unknown force brings about dire & dreadful events

cosmic irony

82

difference between what is expected to happen and the way events actually work out

irony of situation

83

story handed down from the past about a specific persons usually someone of heroic accomplishments

legend

84

short humorous poem composed of five lines that usually has the rhyme scheme aabba, created by two rhyming couplets followed by a 5th line that rhymes with the 1st couplet...typically has a sing-song rhythm

limerick

85

actual meaning of a word or phrase

literal meaning

86

song-like poem written mainly to express the feelings or emotions of a single speaker

lyric poetry

87

the most important point that a writer wishes to express

main idea

88

specific type of autobiography; like autobiography, a memoir is about the author's personal experiences.. however doesn't necessarily cover the author's entire life

memoir

89

type of FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE in which a comparison is made between 2 things that are essentially unalike but may have one quality in common...does not contain an explicit word of comparison, such as "like" or "as"

metaphor

90

regular pattern of accented and unaccented syllables..not present in all poems.. Each unit of meter is known as a foot.. "/" indicate accented syllable; and "X" or small symbol shaped like a "U" indicate an unaccented symbol. The metrical FOOT is the basic unit of meter.

meter

91

X/
(unaccented syllable, accented syllable)

iamb

92

/X
(accented syllable, unaccented syllable)

trochee

93

XX/
(unaccented syllable, unaccented syllable, accented syllable)

anapest

94

/XX
(accented syllable, unaccented syllable, unaccented syllable)

dactyl

95

//
(accented syllable, accented syllable)

spondee

96

XX
(unaccented syllable, unaccented syllable)

pyrrhic

97

one foot per line

monometer

98

two feet per line

dimeter

99

3 feet per line

trimeter

100

4 feet per line

tetrameter

101

5 feet per line

pentameter

102

6 feet per line

hexameter

103

7 feet per line

heptameter

104

8 feet per line

octameter

105

poem written in predominately iamb meter, with 5 feet per line

iambic pentameter

106

poem written in primarily trochaic meter, with 4 feet per line

trochaic tetrameter

107

poem written in anapestic meter, with 3 feet per line

anapestic trimeter

108

metaphorical substitution of one word or phrase for another related word or phrase. ex: "The pen is mightier than the sword." The word "pen" is used in place of "words" and the word "sword" is used to represent the idea o fighting or war.

metonymy

109

the feeling that a literary work conveys to readers through use of plot, character, author's descriptions, etc... aka atmosphere

mood

110

lesson that a story teaches..often stated directly at the end of a fable

moral

111

recurring object, concept, or structure in a work of literature. may also be 2 contrasting elements in a work, such as good and evil.. is important b/c it allows one to see main points and themes that author is trying to express, in order that one might be able to interpret the work more accurately

motif

112

rhetorical device where the coordinating conjunction "and" is overly used as a means of stressing a sort of urgency

polysyndeton

113

use of the conjunction is omitted when it could easily be used

asyndeton

114

the reason why a character acts, feels, or thinks in a certain way

motivation

115

traditional story that attempts to explain how the world was created or why the world is the way it is.. stories that are passed on from generation to generation and are of unknown authorship

myth

116

any writing that tells a story.. most novels and short stories are placed into categories of 1st person and 3rd person narratives, which are based on who is telling the story and from what perspective

narrative

117

poetry that tells a story... can come in many forms and styles, both complex and simple, short or long, as long as it tells a story. Like fiction, can contain characters, settings and plots

narrative poetry

118

one who tells the story ; the speaker or the "voice" of an oral or written work... not usually the same person as the author..is the direct window into a piece of work.. who the author chooses to narrate establishes the POINT OF VIEW in the story

narrator

119

one who gives his or her own understanding of a story, instead of the explanation and interpretation the author the author wishes the audience to obtain...This type of action tends to alter the audience's opinion of the conclusion

unreliable narrator