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Flashcards in 1st Test Deck (23)
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1

Root of philosophy

Wonder and awe

2

Ethics

Study of right behavior

3

Epistemology

Study of knowledge

4

Cosmology

Study of world

5

Aesthetics

Theory of beauty

6

Ontology

Study of being

7

Socrates' influence

Most influential philopspher. Anthropological

8

Socrates' game changers

We know him because Plato write his speeches

First martyr of philosophy

Questioning everything was more important than survival

9

Socrates' four principles of philosophy

I examined life is not worth living

Objective truth that must be followed to live a good life

Truth lies within each of us. Only critical examination of ourselves will reveal that truth

No one can teach anyone the principles of right action and clear thinking

10

Socratic method

Question posed to someone who claims to know something

Socrates finds minor flaws in argument

Both admit that they know nothing and are ignorant

11

Fundamental philosophical division

Cosmology and anthropology

12

Thales

Reducionism, believed everything can be derived from water

13

Anaximander

Boundless/unlimited - believed that the element which made up everything would have to be boundless, unspecific
Entropy- nothing in the world can be predicted
Natural laws- believed natural laws govern these processes with inevitability

14

Anaximenes

Believed that the air we experience is halfway point between all other forms in which primordial air can be transformed through transformation

15

Pythagoras

Held curious view that all things are made up of numbers

16

Xenophanes

Anthropomorphism- attacked religious and moral views presented to the Greek people by greatest poets, homer and Hesiod

17

Empedocles

"Four roots"- believed everything was composed of a plurality of things - earth wind fire water

18

Two forces responsible for change and movement

Love - unity
Strife - destruction

19

Anaxagoras

Infinite seeds - Empedocles four roots but with infinite seeds
Mind (nous) - doesn't believe in love and strife. Change is due to to intelligent rational order - animate
Inanimate - has mind but is ordered externally

20

Atomism

World is composed of material bodies which they called atoms
- Lucretius & leucippus and Democritus

21

Stoicism

Post Socratic, founded by Zeno of Cyprus. Interest in human conduct. Virtue equals knowledge

22

Asceticism

Achieve state of blessedness by freeing oneself of all worldly demands, particularly those of emotions and pleasure

23

Philosophy

Knowledge and way of life