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ascribe verb [with obj.] (ascribe something to) regard something as being due to (a cause) he ascribed Jane's short temper to her upset stomach ■ regard a text, quotation, or work of art as being produced by or belonging to (a particular person or period) a quotation ascribed to Thomas Cooper ■ regard a quality as belonging to tough-mindedness is a quality commonly ascribed to top bosses Derivatives: ascribable adjective Origin: Middle English: from Latin ascribere, from ad- ‘to’ + scribere ‘write’



humiliate [hjuːˈmɪl.i.eɪt] verb transitive [humiliates humiliating humiliated] to make someone feel ashamed or lose their respect for themselves • How could you humiliate me by questioning my judgment in front of everyone like that? • England were humiliated (= completely defeated) in last night's match. Thesaurus+: ↑Humiliating and degrading



profound [prəˈfaʊnd] adjective EXTREME 1. felt or experienced very strongly or in an extreme way • His mother's death when he was aged six had a very profound effect on him. • The invention of the contraceptive pill brought about profound changes in the lives of women. • Those two lines of poetry express perfectly the profound sadness of loss. • My grandfather has a profound mistrust of anything new or foreign. • There was a note of profound irritation in his voice. Thesaurus+: ↑Strong feelings ↑Very and extreme ↑Complete and whole ↑Intensifying expressions SHOWING UNDERSTANDING 2. showing a clear and deep understanding of serious matters • profound truths/wisdom • The review that I read said that it was 'a thoughtful and profound film'. • "Dying is easy - it's living that's the problem." "That was very profound of you, Steven."



conch [kɒn t ʃ], [kɒŋk] [kɑːntʃ], [kɑːŋk] noun countable [conches] a large spiral shell, or the tropical snail-like sea animal which lives in it



wedge [wedʒ] noun [wedges] SHAPE 1. countable a piece of metal, wood, rubber, etc. with a pointed edge at one end and a wide edge at the other, which is either pushed between two objects to keep them still or forced into something to break pieces off it • Push a wedge under the door to keep it open while we're carrying the boxes in. • Pieces of stone can be split off by forcing wedges between the layers. Thesaurus+: ↑Tools ↑Gardening tools 2. countable a triangular-shaped piece, especially of food • Auntie Ann put a huge wedge of fruit cake on my plate. • a wedge of cheese Thesaurus+: ↑Masses and large amounts of things SHOES 3. wedges women's shoes with a heel all the way under the shoe • Thesaurus+: ↑Shoes and shoemaking verb transitive 1. to make something stay in a particular position by using a wedge • + adjective Find something to wedge the window open/closed with. Thesaurus+: ↑Closing and blocking 2. to put something into a very small or narrow space, so that it cannot move easily • Her shoe came off and got wedged between the bars. • I was standing waiting for a bus, wedged between (= fixed between and unable to move away from) two old ladies and their bags of shopping. Thesaurus+: ↑Inserting and forcing things into other things



appeal [əˈpiːl] noun [appeals] REQUEST 1. < > countable when a lot of people are asked to give money, information or help • They're launching (= starting) an appeal to raise money for famine victims. • + to infinitive The police have issued an appeal to the public to stay away from the centre of town at the weekend. Thesaurus+: ↑Making appeals and requests • No witnesses to the accident have come forward yet, despite the police's appeal. • The missing child's distraught parents made an emotional appeal for information on TV. • The appeal for people to donate blood was very successful. • She made an eloquent appeal for action before it was too late. • The campaign has been gaining momentum ever since the television appeal. LEGAL 2. < > countable or uncountable a request especially to a court of law to change a previous decision • The case went to the court of appeal/the appeal court. • He won his appeal and the sentence was halved. • She has lodged (= made) an appeal against the severity of the fine. Thesaurus+: ↑Court cases, orders and decisions • Lee's solicitor said last night that they would be lodging an appeal against the sentence. • The district attorney said if McVeigh is given the death penalty and his conviction is upheld on appeal, the state prosecution would become moot. • The appeal was rejected by the High Court. • The judge ordered that he post a $10 000 bond pending his appeal of the verdict. • She took her case to an immigration appeals tribunal. QUALITY 3. < > uncountable the quality in someone or something that makes them attractive or interesting • sex appeal • Spielberg films have a wide appeal. • Parties on river-boats have lost their appeal since one sank last year killing thirty-three people. Thesaurus+: ↑Attracting and tempting ↑Attractive ↑Sexual attraction verb REQUEST 1. < > intransitive to make a serious or formal request, especially to the public, for money or help • They're appealing for clothes and blankets to send to the devastated region. • The police are appealing to the public for any information about the missing girl. • I tried to appeal to (= ask for support based on) his sense of loyalty, stressing how good the company had been to him. • + to infinitive Church leaders have appealed to the government to halt the war. Thesaurus+: ↑Making appeals and requests • Police are appealing for witnesses to the accident to come forward. • After a night of violence, police are appealing for calm. • The parents of the missing girl appeared on television appealing for witnesses. • Charity workers are appealing for cash to help provide relief for the disaster victims. • Both sets of parents appealed to the kidnappers to release their son and daughter. LEGAL 2. < > intransitive legal to request a higher law court to consider again a decision made by a lower court, especially in order to reduce or prevent a punishment • The teenager has been given leave (= allowed) by the High Court to appeal against her two-year sentence. • They're appealing to the High Court to reduce the sentence to a fine. Thesaurus+: ↑Court cases, orders and decisions 3. < > intransitive to formally request that especially a legal or official decision is changed • The parents appealed against the school's decision not to admit the child. • The footballer appealed to the referee for a free kick. Thesaurus+: ↑Making appeals and requests ATTRACT 4. < > intransitive not continuous to interest or attract someone • I've haven't been skiing - it's never really appealed. • It's a programme designed to appeal mainly to 16 to 25 year-olds. • I think what appeals to me about his painting is the colours he uses. Thesaurus+: ↑Attracting and tempting ↑Attractive ↑Sexual attraction • To win the election he needs to appeal to the typical man in the street. • The party has watered down its socialist ideals in order to appeal to the centre ground. • Her latest book should appeal to a large audience. • It was one of the first avant-garde works to appeal to a wide audience. • This policy may appeal to the party faithful, but will it gain the support of uncommitted voters?



exhilarating [ɪgˈzɪl.ə.reɪ.tɪŋ] [-t ̬ɪŋ] adjective making you feel very excited and happy • an exhilarating walk in the mountains



CLEAN 1. < > transitive to clean especially a floor by using a brush to collect the dirt into one place from which it can be removed • sweep the floor Thesaurus+: ↑Cleaning generally ↑Personal hygiene and appearance - general words • She swept the ashes from the fireplace. • When I arrived he was sweeping the leaves from the driveway. MOVE 2. < > intransitive + adverb or preposition to move, especially quickly and powerfully • Everyone looked up as she swept into the room. • The fire swept (= spread quickly) through the house. • The National Party swept into power (= easily won the election) with a majority of almost 200. Thesaurus+: ↑Moving quickly 3. < > transitive to quickly spread through and influence an area • A 1970s fashion revival is sweeping Europe.



fling [flɪŋ] verb [flung], [flung] [flung flings flinging] THROW 1. transitive usually + adverb or preposition to throw something or someone suddenly and with a lot of force • He crumpled up the letter and flung it into the fire. • "And you can take your ring back too!" she cried, flinging it down on the table. • informal Could you fling the paper over here (= give me the paper) ? Thesaurus+: ↑Throwing MOVE/DO 2. transitive usually + adverb or preposition to move or do something quickly and energetically • She flung her arms around his neck. • The door was flung open by the wind. • Sergei flung himself down on the sofa. • informal Let me just fling (= quickly put) a few things into my bag, and I'll be right with you. • informal They were flung (= quickly put) in prison. Thesaurus+: ↑Acting and acts ↑Dealing with things or people SAY ANGRILY 3. intransitive or transitive usually + adverb or preposition to say something angrily • They were flinging bitter accusations at each other. • + speech "I don't care what you think", she flung (back) at him. Thesaurus+: ↑Talking angrily Idiom: fling up your hands Phrasal Verbs: fling somebody out ▪ fling something on ▪ fling yourself at somebody ▪ fling yourself into something noun countable usually singular informal a short period of enjoyment • The students are having a final/last fling before they leave university and start work. Thesaurus+: ↑General words for fun



frantic [ˈfræn.tɪk] [-t ̬ɪk] adjective VERY WORRIED/FRIGHTENED 1. almost out of control because of extreme emotion, such as worry • Where on Earth have you been? We've been frantic with worry. Thesaurus+: ↑Anxious and worried HURRIED 2. done or arranged in a hurry and a state of excitement or confusion • Share prices have soared to a new all-time high in a day of frantic trading on the stock market. • Rescuers were engaged in a frantic all-night effort to reach the survivors before their supply of air ran out.



descend [dɪˈsend] verb [descends descending descended] POSITION 1. < > intransitive or transitive formal to go or come down • The path descended steeply into the valley. • Jane descended the stairs. Thesaurus+: ↑Moving downwards ↑Falling and dropping 2. intransitive literary If darkness or night descends, it becomes dark and day changes to night. Thesaurus+: ↑Enclosing, surrounding and immersing • She descended the sweeping staircase into the crowd of photographers and journalists. • A signpost points to a short path descending amongst trees to a footbridge over the river. • Ahead were clear signs of a path, descending into a valley. • The main staircase descended into a large, panelled entrance hall. • The audience applauded wildly as the curtain descended on the stage. NEGATIVE MOOD 3. intransitive literary If a negative or bad feeling descends, it is felt everywhere in a place or by everyone at the same time • A feeling of despair descended (on us) as we realized that we were lost. Thesaurus+: ↑Enclosing, surrounding and immersing 4. intransitive literary If a condition, usually a negative condition, descends, it quickly develops in every part of a place • Silence descended on the room/over the countryside. Thesaurus+: ↑Enclosing, surrounding and immersing Phrasal Verbs: descend from something ▪ descend into something ▪ descend on somebody ▪ descend to something descend des|cend verb [no obj.] 1) move or fall downwards the aircraft began to descend ■ [with obj.] move down (a slope or stairs) the vehicle descended a ramp ■ (of a road, path, or flight of steps) slope or lead downwards a side road descended into the forest [with obj.] a flight of stairs descended a steep slope ■ move down a scale of quality (as adj. descending) the categories are listed in descending order of usefulness ■ (of sound) become lower in pitch (as adj. descending) a passage of descending chords ■ (descend to) act in a shameful way that is far below one's usual standards he was scrupulous in refusing to descend to misrepresentation ■ (descend into) (of a situation or group of people) reach (an undesirable state) the army had descended into chaos 2) (descend on/upon) make a sudden attack on the militia descended on Rye ■ (descend on/upon) make an unexpected visit to groups of visiting supporters descended on a local pub ■ (of a feeling) develop suddenly and affect a place or person an air of gloom descended on Labour Party headquarters ■ (of night or darkness) begin to occur as the winter darkness descended, the fighting ceased 3) (be descended from) be a blood relative of (a specified ancestor) John Dalrymple was descended from an ancient Ayrshire family ■ (of an asset) pass by inheritance, typically from parent to child his lands descended to his eldest son • Derivatives: descendent adjective Origin: Middle English: from Old French descendre, from Latin descendere, from de- ‘down’ + scandere ‘to climb’



immense [ɪˈmen t s] adjective 1. extremely large in size or degree • immense wealth/value • They spent an immense amount of time getting the engine into perfect condition. Thesaurus+: ↑Enormous ↑Big and quite big 2. slang extremely good • He's an immense goalkeeper.



tride [straɪd] noun [strides] DEVELOPMENT 1. countable an important positive development • The West made impressive strides in improving energy efficiency after the huge rises in oil prices during the seventies. • The group has made strides to expand internationally. Thesaurus+: ↑Making progress and advancing ↑Becoming better STEP 2. countable a long step when walking or running • She attributes her record-breaking speed to the length of her stride. Thesaurus+: ↑Walking and walkers CLOTHES 3. strides Australian informal trousers • a new pair of strides Thesaurus+: ↑Trousers Idioms: get into your stride ▪ not break your stride ▪ put somebody off their stride ▪ take something in your stride verb intransitive usually + adverb or preposition [strode], [strode], [stridden] to walk somewhere quickly with long steps • She strode purposefully up to the desk and demanded to speak to the manager. • He strode across/into/out of the room.



neatly [ˈniːt.li] adverb TIDY 1. in a tidy way • His clothes are all neatly folded in their drawers. Thesaurus+: ↑Clean and tidy CLEVER 2. in a clever and simple way • The announcement was neatly timed to coincide with the release of their new album. Thesaurus+: ↑Easiness and simplicity ↑Wise and sensible



cough cough [kɒf] [kɑːf] verb intransitive [coughs coughing coughed] 1. < > to force air out of your lungs through your throat with a short loud sound • The smoke made me cough. • I coughed all night long.



watchword [ˈwɒtʃ.wɜːd] [ˈwɑːtʃ.wɝːd] noun countable usually singular [watchwords] (a word or phrase which represents) the main ideas or principles directing the way that someone behaves or the way that something is done • And remember, let caution be your watchword.



dissent [dɪˈsent] slightly formal noun uncountable strong difference of opinion on a particular subject; disagreement, especially about an official suggestion or plan or a popular belief • When the time came to approve the proposal, there were one or two voices of dissent. Compare assent Thesaurus+: ↑Arguing and disagreeing verb intransitive to disagree with other people about something • Anyone wishing to dissent from the motion should now raise their hand.



stupendous [stjuːˈpen.dəs] [stuː-] adjective very surprising, usually in a pleasing way, especially by being large in amount or size • He ran up stupendous debts through his extravagant lifestyle. • Stupendous news! We've won £500 000! Thesaurus+: ↑Informal words for good ↑Good, better and best ↑Quite good, or not very good ↑Surprising and shocking ↑Making people sad, shocked and upset Derived: stupendously


flight of steps

a stairway (set of steps) between one floor or landing and the next.



intricate [ˈɪn.trɪ.kət] adjective having a lot of small parts or details that are arranged in a complicated way and are therefore sometimes difficult to understand, solve or produce • The watch mechanism is extremely intricate and very difficult to repair. • Police officers uncovered an intricate web of deceit.



peer [pɪə r ] [pɪr] verb intransitive usually + adverb or preposition [peers peering peered] < > to look carefully or with difficulty • When no one answered the door, she peered through the window to see if anyone was there. • The driver was peering into the distance trying to read the road sign. Thesaurus+: ↑Using the eyes ↑Eyesight, glasses and lenses ↑The eye and surrounding area ↑Perceptive • I peered through a chink in the curtains and saw them all inside. • They leaned over the rails and peered down into the dizzying chasm below. • We peered through the crack in the floorboards. • The car nosed out of the side street, its driver peering anxiously around. • She peered closely at the map.



peer [pɪə r ] [pɪr] verb intransitive usually + adverb or preposition [peers peering peered] < > to look carefully or with difficulty • When no one answered the door, she peered through the window to see if anyone was there. • The driver was peering into the distance trying to read the road sign. Thesaurus+: ↑Using the eyes ↑Eyesight, glasses and lenses ↑The eye and surrounding area ↑Perceptive • I peered through a chink in the curtains and saw them all inside. • They leaned over the rails and peered down into the dizzying chasm below. • We peered through the crack in the floorboards. • The car nosed out of the side street, its driver peering anxiously around. • She peered closely at the map.



rueful [ˈruː.f ə l] literary adjective feeling sorry and wishing that something had not happened • He turned away with a rueful laugh.



fowl [faʊl] noun countable or uncountable [plural fowl] or [fowls] [fowls] 1. a bird of a type that is used to produce meat or eggs



seldom [ˈsel.dəm] adverb almost never • Now that we have a baby, we seldom get the chance to go to the cinema. • formal Seldom do we receive any apology when mistakes are made.



avail [əˈveɪl] noun uncountable use, purpose, advantage, or profit • We tried to persuade her not to resign, but to no avail (= did not succeed) . • My attempts to improve the situation were of little/no avail. Thesaurus+: ↑Goals and purposes verb transitive old use to help or be useful to someone or something • Our efforts availed us nothing (= did not help) .



bewilderment [bɪˈwɪl.də.mənt] [-dɚ-] noun uncountable confusion • a state of bewilderment • As he walked through the door, she stared at him in utter bewilderment.



thrust [θrʌst] verb intransitive or transitive usually + adverb or preposition [thrust], [thrust] [thrusts thrusting] to push suddenly and strongly • She thrust the money into his hand. • They thrust a microphone in front of me and fired questions at me. • She thrust the papers at me (= towards me) . • The bodyguards thrust past the crowd to get at the cameraman. Thesaurus+: ↑Pushing and shoving Phrasal Verb: thrust something on somebody



wail [weɪl] verb [wails wailing wailed] 1. intransitive or transitive mainly disapproving to make a long, high cry, usually because of pain or sadness • The women gathered around the coffin and began to wail, as was the custom in the region. • + speech "My finger hurts, " wailed the child. Thesaurus+: ↑Expressing and showing feelings ↑Sounds made by humans with their mouths 2. intransitive informal to complain loudly or strongly • + that Business people wailed that their trade would be ruined. Thesaurus+: ↑Shouting and screaming ↑Complaining noun countable a long, high, loud cry, especially because of something unpleasant • a wail of anguish • the wail of the police sirens



stumble [ˈstʌm.bl ̩] verb [stumbles stumbling stumbled] WALK 1. intransitive to step awkwardly while walking or running and fall or begin to fall • Running along the beach, she stumbled on a log and fell on the sand. • In the final straight Meyers stumbled, and although he didn't fall it was enough to lose him first place. Thesaurus+: ↑Falling and dropping ↑Moving downwards ↑Moving unsteadily or with difficulty 2. intransitive usually + adverb or preposition to walk in a way which does not seem controlled • We could hear her stumbling about/around the bedroom in the dark. • He pulled on his clothes and stumbled into the kitchen. Thesaurus+: ↑Moving unsteadily or with difficulty PAUSE 3. intransitive to make a mistake, such as repeating something or pausing for too long, while speaking or playing a piece of music • When the poet stumbled over a line in the middle of a poem, someone in the audience corrected him. Thesaurus+: ↑Ways of speaking ↑Making mistakes Phrasal Verb: stumble on somebody



stagger [ˈstæg.ə r ] [-ɚ] verb [staggers staggering staggered] MOVE 1. intransitive usually + adverb or preposition to walk or move with difficulty as if you are going to fall • After he was attacked, he managed to stagger to the phone and call for help. • figurative The company is staggering under a $15 million debt and will almost certainly collapse by the end of the year. Thesaurus+: ↑Moving unsteadily or with difficulty SHOCK 2. transitive to cause someone to feel shocked or surprised because of something unexpected or very unusual happening • He staggered all his colleagues by suddenly announcing that he was leaving the company at the end of the month. Thesaurus+: ↑Making people sad, shocked and upset ↑Surprising and shocking ARRANGE 3. transitive to arrange, especially hours of work, holidays or events, so that they begin at different times from those of other people • Some countries have staggered school holidays so that holiday resorts do not become overcrowded. Thesaurus+: ↑Schedules and agendas ↑Lists and catalogues 4. transitive If a race has a staggered start the competitors start at different times or in different positions. Thesaurus+: ↑Athletics ↑Competing in sport ↑Competing and contending (non-sporting)



wager [ˈweɪ.dʒə r ] [-dʒɚ] noun countable [wagers] an amount of money that you risk in the hope of winning more, by trying to guess something uncertain, or the agreement that you make to take this risk; a bet • She put a cash wager of £50 on the biggest horse race of the year. • He tried to eat 50 hard-boiled eggs, for a wager. Thesaurus+: ↑Gambling and bookmaking ↑Taking risks verb 1. intransitive or transitive to risk money by guessing the result of something • + two objects + (that) I'll wager you £5 that they'll get there first. Thesaurus+: ↑Gambling and bookmaking ↑Taking risks 2. intransitive old-fashioned used to say that you are certain that something is true or will happen in the future • + (that) I'd wager (that) she's interested in you.



summon [ˈsʌm.ən] verb transitive [summons summoning summoned] ORDER 1. < > to order someone to come to or be present at a particular place, or to officially arrange a meeting of people • General Rattigan summoned reinforcements to help resist the attack. • humorous I'm afraid I'll have to go - I'm being summoned by my wife. • On July 20th, the council was summoned to hear an emergency report on its finances. Thesaurus+: ↑Inviting and summoning ↑Planning, expecting and arranging ↑Plotting and trapping • Late last night, the French ambassador was summoned to the Foreign Office to discuss the crisis. • After her month's sick leave, she was summoned to see the company's welfare officer. • He summoned his troops. • We were summoned to the headmaster's office. • She summoned us to admire her new greenhouse. PRODUCE STRENGTH 2. to increase your bravery or strength, especially with an effort • It took me six months to summon (up) the courage to ask him out for a drink.



throb ▪ I. throb [θrɒb] [θrɑːb] [-bb-] verb intransitive [throbbing throbbed throbs] 1. to produce a strong, regular beat • Both records have a good throbbing bass which is great to dance to. Thesaurus+: ↑Shaking, swinging and vibrating 2. If a part of your body throbs, you feel pain in it in a series of regular beats • His head throbbed, and his body ached. • The throbbing pain in his leg was becoming unbearable. Thesaurus+: ↑Pain and painful ▪ II. throb noun only singular • the throb of the engine See also heartthrob Thesaurus+: ↑Pain and painful ↑Shaking, swinging and vibrating



quiver [ˈkwɪv.ə r ] [-ɚ] verb intransitive [quivers quivering quivered] to shake slightly, often because of strong emotion • Lennie's bottom lip quivered and tears started in his eyes.



hurl [hɜːl] [hɝːl] verb transitive [hurls hurling hurled] 1. to throw something with a lot of force, usually in an angry or violent way • In a fit of temper he hurled the book across the room. • Youths hurled stones at the soldiers. Thesaurus+: ↑Throwing 2. hurl abuse/insults, etc. at sb to shout insults or rude language at someone angrily • I wasn't going to stand there while he hurled abuse at me!



pour [pɔː r ] [pɔːr] verb [pours pouring poured] CAUSE TO FLOW 1. < > intransitive or transitive to make a substance flow from a container, especially into another container, by raising just one side of the container that the substance is in • I spilled the juice while I was pouring it. • Pour the honey into the bowl and mix it thoroughly with the other ingredients. • + two objects Would you like me to pour you some more wine? • Would you like to pour (= pour a drink into a glass or cup) while I open some bags of nuts? Thesaurus+: ↑Movement of liquids • After four minutes, pour the pasta into a colander to drain. • Let's see if I can pour the juice into the glass without spilling it. • I could hear the champagne fizz as he poured it into my glass. • The milk overflowed when I poured it into the jug. • Jack was pouring himself another glass of whisky. FLOW QUICKLY 2. intransitive or transitive usually + adverb or preposition to (cause to) flow quickly and in large amounts • The bus was pouring out thick black exhaust fumes. • The government has been pouring money into inefficient state-owned industries and the country can no longer afford it. • I felt a sharp pain and looked down to see blood pouring from my leg. • Refugees have been pouring into neighbouring countries to escape the civil war. • The sweat was pouring down her face by the end of the race. • It looks as though it's about to pour (with rain). • I was standing in the pouring rain for an hour waiting for my bus. Thesaurus+: ↑Movement of liquids Idioms: pour oil on troubled waters ▪ pour scorn on somebody



engross [ɪnˈgrəʊs, ɛn-] en|gross verb [with obj.] 1) (often be engrossed in) absorb all the attention or interest of they seemed to be engrossed in conversation the notes totally engrossed him (as adj. engrossing) the most engrossing parts of the book ■ gain or keep exclusive possession of 2) produce (a legal document, especially a deed or statute) in its final form


wound up

(literally) To wind completely.
I wound up the spool of rope.
To end up; to arrive or result. quotations ▼
I followed the signs, and I wound up getting nowhere.
To conclude, complete, or finish.
Even though he had bad news, he tried to wind up his speech on a positive note.
To tighten by winding or twisting.
Your pocket watch will run for a long time if you wind up the spring all the way.



infantry [ˈɪn.fən.tri] noun uncountable + singular or plural verb the part of an army that fights on foot • The infantry was/were sent into battle. • It's a light/heavy infantry unit.


not into

when you don't like something



secede [sɪˈsiːd] formal verb intransitive [secedes seceding seceded] to become independent of a country or area of government • There is likely to be civil war if the region tries to secede from the south.


picking up

the act or process of picking up: such as
a : a revival of business activity
b : acceleration


get on

1) PHR-V-RECIP If you get on with someone, you like them and have a friendly relationship with them. [V ] The host fears the guests won't get on... [V with ] What are your neighbours like? Do you get on with them? Syn: get along 2) If you get on with something, you continue doing it or start doing it. [V with ] Jane got on with her work... [V ] Let's get on. 3) If you say how someone is getting on, you are saying how much success they are having with what they are trying to do. [V ] Livy's getting on very well in Russian. She learns very quickly... [V ] When he came back to see me I asked how he had got on. 4) If you try to get on, you try to be successful in your career. [mainly BRIT] [V ] Politics is seen as a man's world. It is very difficult for women to get on. Syn: get ahead 5) usu If someone is getting on, they are getting old. [INFORMAL] [V ] I'm nearly 31 and that's getting on a bit for a footballer.



turd [tɜːd] [tɝːd] offensive noun countable [turds] 1. a piece of solid waste • dog turds on the pavement Thesaurus+: ↑Excrement and its excretion 2. a rude word for someone who you think is unpleasant • I'm not doing business with that little turd.



dignity [ˈdɪg.nɪ.ti] [-ə.t ̬i] noun uncountable 1. < > calm, serious and controlled behaviour that makes people respect you • He is a man of dignity and calm determination. • She has a quiet dignity about her. • He longs for a society in which the dignity of all people is recognized. • I think everyone should be able to die with dignity. Thesaurus+: ↑Calm and relaxed ↑Self-control and moderation 2. < > the opinion that you have of the standard of your own importance and value • How could you wear something so indecent? Have you no dignity? • In hospital, she felt stripped of all her dignity. Thesaurus+: ↑Confidence and self-assurance ↑Showing arrogance and conceit • He regarded the comments as an affront to his dignity. • She comported herself with great dignity at her husband's funeral. • I accepted his decision that he wished to die with dignity. • He managed to retain his dignity throughout the performance. • He felt what he was being asked to do took away his dignity and self-respect. Idiom: beneath your dignity



concede [kənˈsiːd] verb [concedes conceding conceded] 1. < > transitive to admit, often unwillingly, that something is true • + (that) The Government has conceded (that) the new tax policy has been a disaster. • + speech "Well okay, perhaps I was a little hard on her, " he conceded. See also concession Thesaurus+: ↑Admitting and confessing 2. transitive to allow someone to have something, even though you do not want to • The president is not expected to concede these reforms. • He is not willing to concede any of his power/authority. • Britain conceded (= allowed) independence to India in 1947. Thesaurus+: ↑Accepting and agreeing reluctantly ↑Accepting and agreeing ↑Approving and approval 3. intransitive or transitive to admit that you have lost in a competition • He kept on arguing and wouldn't concede defeat. • She conceded even before all the votes had been counted. Thesaurus+: ↑Admitting and confessing ↑Losing and being defeated ↑Scoring, winning and losing in sport 4. concede a goal/point to fail to stop an opposing team or person from winning a point or game • The team conceded two goals (to the other side) in the first five minutes of the game. Thesaurus+: ↑Scoring, winning and losing in sport ↑Winning and defeating ↑Losing and being defeated • She conceded defeat well before all the votes had been counted. • Hysen handled the ball and conceded the penalty that gave Manchester United the lead. • Clinton conceded, "We bit off more than we could chew in our original health care reform proposals." • He conceded that he had been a little harsh.



intimidating [ɪnˈtɪm.ɪ.deɪ.tɪŋ] [-t ̬ɪŋ] adjective making you feel frightened or nervous • an intimidating array of weapons • an intimidating manner • She can be very intimidating when she's angry



heedless [ˈhiːd.ləs] adjective formal not giving attention to a risk or possible difficulty • Heedless destruction of the rainforests is contributing to global warming. • Journalists had insisted on getting to the front line of the battle, heedless of the risks.



haste [heɪst] noun uncountable disapproving (too much) speed • Unfortunately the report was prepared in haste and contained several inaccuracies. • + to infinitive In her haste to get up from the table, she knocked over a cup. • His father had just died and he didn't want to marry with indecent haste.



affliction [əˈflɪk.ʃ ə n] formal noun countable or uncountable [afflictions] something that makes you suffer • Malnutrition is one of the common afflictions of the poor.



wraith [reɪθ] literary noun countable [wraiths] 1. a spirit of a dead person which is sometimes represented as a pale, transparent image of that person • a wraith-like (= thin and pale) figure in a grey floating dress Thesaurus+: ↑Souls, spirits and ghosts 2. something which is pale or weak and without a clear shape • He watched the misty wraiths of moisture making patterns on the window pane. • Her wraith of a voice (= Her weak voice) gave the songs a moving quality.



flee [fliː] [fleeing], [fled], [fled] verb intransitive or transitive never passive [fleeing fled flees] 1. < > to escape by running away, especially because of danger or fear • She fled (from) the room in tears. • In order to escape capture, he fled to the mountains. Thesaurus+: ↑Running away and escaping 2. flee the country to quickly go to another country in order to escape from something or someone • It is likely that the suspects have fled the country by now. Thesaurus+: ↑Running away and escaping • Every year thousands of people flee the big cities in search of the rural idyll. • War, famine and oppression have forced people in the region to flee from their homes. • Thousands of fugitives are fleeing from the war-torn area. • Hundreds of people have left their devastated villages and fled to the mountains. • Thousands of refugees fled across the border.