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bankrupt [ˈbæŋ.krʌpt] adjective 1. < > legal unable to pay what you owe, and having control of your financial matters given, by a court of law, to a person who sells your property to pay your debts • He went bankrupt after only a year in business. • The recession has led to many small businesses going bankrupt. Thesaurus+: ↑Poverty and poor 2. informal having no money • I shall go bankrupt if you children keep on asking for more pocket money! Thesaurus+: ↑Poverty and poor 3. disapproving not having a particular quality • He believes that modern society is morally bankrupt. Thesaurus+: ↑Lacking things ↑Scarce, inadequate and not enough ↑Essential or necessary • The company went bankrupt and was put into the hands of the receivers. • They piled up such a huge debt that they soon went bankrupt. • When it was obvious the company was going bankrupt, the government ordered all their assets to be frozen. • The business went bankrupt after investing an enormous amount on a product that failed to sell. • Without the help of a generous investor, the theatre company would have gone bankrupt. noun countable legal a person who is officially bankrupt • He was declared a bankrupt in 1991. Thesaurus+: ↑Poor people verb transitive legal to cause someone to become bankrupt • They feared that the loss would bankrupt them



bailout [ˈbeɪl.aʊt] the act of saving a company
form money problems
• Three years of huge losses forced the bank to seek a government bailout. • The Clinton administration last winter assembled the $50 billion emergency bailout package to ease a financial crisis in Mexico.


has broken out

To begin suddenly.
If something dangerous or unpleasant breaks out, it suddenly starts: War broke out in 1914. Fighting has broken out all over the city. break out in a rash, sweat, etc.



outrage [ˈaʊt.reɪdʒ] noun 1. < > uncountable a feeling of anger and shock • These murders have provoked outrage across the country. • Many politicians and members of the public expressed outrage at the verdict. Thesaurus+: ↑Making people sad, shocked and upset ↑Anger and displeasure 2. < > countable a shocking, morally unacceptable and usually violent action • The bomb, which killed 15 people, was the worst of a series of terrorist outrages. • + that It's an outrage (= it is shocking and morally unacceptable) that so much public money should have been wasted in this way.


I for one

phrase spoken. used for emphasizing what you believe or think, even if other people disagree. Nothing has been proved yet, and I for one believe that he is innocent. Expressions showing anger and used in arguments:absolutely not, are you kidding?, arguably...


have the nerve

dare to.
• And then, they have the nerve to fly to
Washington in private jets!



placard [ˈplæk.ɑːd] [-ɑːrd] noun countable [placards] a large piece of card, paper, etc. with a message written or printed on it, often carried in public places by people who are complaining about something



rally [ˈræl.i] noun countable [rallies] MEETING 1. < > a public meeting of a large group of people, especially supporters of a particular opinion • 5000 people held an anti-nuclear rally. • an election/campaign rally



proponent [prəˈpəʊ.nənt] [-ˈpoʊ-] noun countable [proponents] a person who speaks publicly in support of a particular idea or plan of action • He is one of the leading proponents of capital punishment.



mismanage [ˌmɪsˈmæn.ɪdʒ] verb transitive [mismanages mismanaging mismanaged] to organize or control something badly • The restaurant was hopelessly mismanaged by a former rock musician with no business experience.



eggnog egg¦nog noun [mass noun] a drink consisting of rum, brandy, or other alcohol mixed with beaten egg, milk, and sugar


get a load of

get a load of that! used to tell someone to pay attention to a person or thing that is interesting, surprising, or attractive: Get a load of that, guys! Very nice.


Come in

Come in central, I think we’ve got
ourselves a situation here.

come in phrasal verb [came in comes in coming in] ENTER 1. < > to enter a room or building • Do you want to come in for a cup of tea? • Hi, come in - lovely to see you! Thesaurus+: ↑Arriving, entering and invading • Please wipe your feet before you come into the house. • Simon was so absorbed in his book, he didn't even notice me come in. • Try not to wake the whole house when you come in! • She looked up and nodded for me to come in. • He came in with four shopping bags and dumped them on the table. FASHION 2. If a fashion or product comes in, it becomes available or popular • Flared trousers first came in during the seventies. Thesaurus+: ↑Fashion ↑Modern and fashionable ↑Modern and fashionable 3. come in handy/useful, etc. to be useful for a particular purpose • Keep it, it might come in useful. • His money will come in handy when I want to travel. Thesaurus+: ↑Useful or advantageous BE RECEIVED 3. When news or information comes in, it is received • Reports are just coming in of a major oil spillage in the North Sea. Thesaurus+: ↑Broadcasting in general 4. If you have money coming in, you receive it as income • With Dave unemployed, we haven't got much money coming in at the moment. Thesaurus+: ↑Earning money and money earned BE INVOLVED 5. informal to become involved in a situation, story or plan • We need expert advice, and that's where you come in. Thesaurus+: ↑Taking part and getting involved ↑Getting involved for one's own benefit or against others' will 7. come in first/second, etc. to finish a race in first, second, etc. position Thesaurus+: ↑Scoring, winning and losing in sport ↑Winning and defeating ↑Losing and being defeated SEA 6. When the sea or the tide comes in, the water moves forwards to cover more of the beach. Compare go out



'tis [tɪz] old use short form of it is



push out your lips to show that you are unhappy



sleigh [sleɪ] noun countable [sleighs] large, open vehicle that is pulled by horses over
snow or ice



handcuffs [ˈhænd.kʌfs] plural noun (informal cuffs) [handcuffses] two metal rings joined by a short chain which lock around a prisoner's wrists



abbreviation driving under the influence (of drugs or alcohol)


speeding ticket

a piece of paper the police give if you are diving too fast.
He got a speeding ticket for driving at ninety miles per hour on the motorway.



try very hard



1. (also blurry [ˈblɜː.ri] [ˈblɝː.i]) difficult to see.
not clear



prescription [prɪˈskrɪp.ʃ ə n] noun [prescriptions] MEDICINE 1. < > countable a piece of paper on which a doctor writes the details of the medicine or drugs that someone needs


head on over to

go to
phrase is an example of the imperative getting through "without the presumption of dominance that would ordinarily accompany the imperative"
• Ok then, head on over to the other room


20/20 vision

perfect eyesight


far sighted

see far-away things more clearly than things nearby


make out

to see clearly



optometrist [ɒpˈtɒm.ə.trɪst] [ɑːpˈtɑː.mə-] US (UK optician) noun countable [optometrists] someone whose job is examining people's eyes and selling glasses or contact lenses to correct sight problems


go on about

talk about something a lot


candy cane

a stick-shaped candy with red and white curves on the top



impound [ɪmˈpaʊnd] verb transitive [impounds impounding impounded] If the police or someone in authority impounds something that belongs to you, they take it away because you have broken the law • The police impounded cars and other personal property belonging to the drug dealers. • The vehicle was impounded by customs.
held by the police.


under heavy

being attacked or hurt


pull someone over

make a moving car move to the side of the road



a sudden attack


stocking stuffer

small gifts that are put in the Christmas stocking



say something is true when some people say it may not be true


booked solid

having no available place or time



characterized by eager willingness to accept and meet challenges a can-do attitude.
ABILITY 1. < > to be able to
can do US informal used to say that you can and will do something
Can she do Tuesday?


food poisoning

becoming sick because of bacteria in food



platter [ˈplæt.ə r ] [ˈplæt ̬.ɚ] noun countable [platters] a large plate used for serving food or a meal with one type of food served on a large plate • a fish platter


in the mood for

have a desire for something or to do something


contingency plan

a plan that prepares for a situation where things can go wrong



a sudden start of disease affecting many


head up

The person who heads up a group, organization, or activity is the leader of it. [V (not )] Judge Frederick Lacey headed up the investigation... [V ] We asked ourselves what we wanted from our management structure and who we wanted to head it up.



shovel [ˈʃʌv. ə l] noun countable [shovels] 1. a tool consisting of a wide square metal or plastic blade, usually with slightly raised sides, fixed to a handle, for moving loose material such as sand, coal or snow Thesaurus+: ↑Tools ↑Gardening tools 2. a similar part on a large machine, for picking up and holding loose material Thesaurus+: ↑Machine parts 3. (also shovelful) the amount of something that can fit on a shovel • Should I put another shovelful of coal on the fire? Thesaurus+: ↑Informal measurements of volume ↑Measurements of volume verb intransitive or transitive [-ll-] or [US USUALLY -l-] to move with a shovel • Would you give me a hand shovelling the snow away from the garage door? Thesaurus+: ↑Removing and extracting



stuffed [stʌft] adjective
filled with food; no longer hungry


knock over

make something fall over


love at first sight

falling in love the first time you see someone



apologetic [əˌpɒl.əˈdʒet.ɪk] [-ˌpɑː.ləˈdʒet ̬.ɪk] adjective showing that you feel sorry about having caused someone problems or unhappiness • She was so apologetic about forgetting my birthday it was almost embarrassing. • I hope he was suitably apologetic for breaking your glasses.



thriving [ˈθraɪ.vɪŋ] adjective • a thriving economy Thesaurus+: ↑Successful (things or people)



I. wallop [ˈwɒl.əp] [ˈwɑː.ləp] informal verb transitive [wallops walloping walloped] to hit someone hard, especially with the flat part of the hand or with something held in the hand, or to defeat someone easily, especially in sports • She walloped him across the back of the head. • "How did your tennis match go last night?" "Oh, I was walloped again."



1) a sweet similar to toffee, made from brown sugar or treacle, boiled with butter and pulled until glossy



glossy [ˈglɒs.i] [ˈglɑː.si] adjective [glossier glossiest] 1. smooth and shiny • She has wonderfully glossy hair. • a dog with a glossy coat Thesaurus+: ↑The qualities of light 2. describes a book or magazine which has been produced on shiny and expensive paper and contains many colour pictures • a glossy coffee-table book • a pile of glossy magazines/car brochures Thesaurus+: ↑Newspapers and magazines ↑Kinds of books 3. mainly disapproving looking attractive, but often not having serious value or quality • This magazine is full of glossy advertisements for aftershave. Thesaurus+: ↑Attractive ↑Sexual attraction ↑Smart and elegant ↑Costing or worth little or no money Derived: glossily ▪ glossiness



gooey [ˈguː.i] [gooier], [gooiest] adjective soft and sticky • a gooey cake



boon [buːn] noun countable usually singular [boons] something that is very helpful and improves the quality of life • Guide dogs are a great boon to the partially sighted.



arrogant [ˈær.ə.g ə nt] [ˈer-] adjective < > unpleasantly proud and behaving as if you are more important than, or know more than, other people • I found him arrogant and rude.



intimidate [ɪnˈtɪm.ɪ.deɪt] verb transitive [intimidates intimidating intimidated] to frighten or threaten someone, usually in order to persuade them to do something that you want them to do • They were intimidated into accepting a pay cut by the threat of losing their jobs.



brazen [ˈbreɪ.z ə n] adjective obvious, without any attempt to be hidden • There were instances of brazen cheating in the exams. • He told me a brazen lie.
- bold and without shame



potent [ˈpəʊ.t ə nt] [ˈpoʊ.t ̬ ə nt] adjective very powerful, forceful or effective • Surprise remains the terrorists' most potent weapon. • The Berlin Wall was a potent symbol of the Cold War. • This is a very potent drug and can have unpleasant side-effects.



infatuation [ɪnˌfæt.juˈeɪ.ʃ ə n] noun countable or uncountable [infatuations] strong but not usually lasting feelings of love or attraction



hushed [hʌʃt] adjective quiet



timid [ˈtɪm.ɪd] adjective [timider timidest] shy and nervous; without much confidence; easily frightened • Lucy is a rather timid child. • My horse is a bit timid and is easily frightened by traffic.



pivot [ˈpɪv.ət] noun countable [pivots] 1. a fixed point supporting something which turns or balances Thesaurus+: ↑Machine parts 2. the central or most important person or thing in a situation • The former guerrilla leader has become the pivot on which the country's emerging political stability turns/revolves (= it depends on him) .



prophecy [ˈprɒf.ə.si] [ˈprɑː.fə-] noun [prophecies] 1. countable a statement that says what is going to happen in the future, especially one which is based on what you believe about a particular matter rather than existing facts • The minister suggested that the dire prophecies of certain leading environmentalists were somewhat exaggerated. • These doom and gloom prophecies are doing little to help the economy. Thesaurus+: ↑Predicting things and intuition ↑Extrasensory perception and telepathy 2. uncountable formal the ability to say what is going to happen in the future Thesaurus+: ↑Predicting things and intuition



swerve ▪ I. swerve [swɜːv] [swɝːv] verb intransitive [swerves swerving swerved] 1. to change direction, especially suddenly • The bus driver swerved to avoid hitting the cyclists. Thesaurus+: ↑Changing direction 2. If you do not swerve from a principle or certain actions, you continue to think or act as you did in the beginning • She is one of those rare politicians whom one can trust not to swerve from policy and principle.



fidget [ˈfɪdʒ.ɪt] verb intransitive [fidgets fidgeting fidgeted] to make continuous small movements which annoy other people • Children can't sit still for long without fidgeting. • Stop fidgeting about! Thesaurus+: ↑Making short, sudden movements Derived: fidgety noun 1. countable a person who often fidgets • Tim's a terrible fidget. Thesaurus+: ↑Making short, sudden movements 2. the ˈ fidgets UK informal when you keep fidgeting • I got the fidgets halfway through the lecture.



tingle [ˈtɪŋ.gl ̩] verb intransitive [tingles tingling tingled] 1. to have a feeling as if a lot of sharp points are being put quickly and lightly into your body • My toes and fingers are tingling with the cold. • There's a line in that poem that makes my spine tingle every time I read it. Thesaurus+: ↑Pain and painful 2. When you tingle with an emotion, such as excitement or fear, you feel it very strongly • She tingled with fear as she entered the dark alleyway. Thesaurus+: ↑Strong feelings



hoof [huːf] noun countable [plural hooves] or [hoofs] [hooves hoofs] the hard part on the bottom of the feet of animals such as horses, sheep and deer



I. scowl [skaʊl] verb intransitive [scowls scowling scowled] to look at someone or something with a very annoyed expression • The boy scowled at her and reluctantly followed her back into school.



smirk [smɜːk] [smɝːk] disapproving noun countable [smirks] a smile that expresses satisfaction or pleasure about having done something or knowing something which is not known by someone else • "Maybe your husband does things that you don't know about," he said with a smirk. • "I told you it would end in disaster," said Polly with a self-satisfied smirk on her face. Thesaurus+: ↑Laughing and smiling verb intransitive or transitive to smile in this way • I don't like the way he winks and smirks at me whenever he sees me. • He smirked his way through the interview.



squint [skwɪnt] verb intransitive [squints squinting squinted] to partly close your eyes in order to see more clearly • The sun was shining straight in her eyes which made her squint. Thesaurus+: ↑Using the eyes ↑Eyesight, glasses and lenses ↑The eye and surrounding area ↑Perceptive



▪ I. frown [fraʊn] verb intransitive [frowns frowning frowned] < > to bring your eyebrow s together so that there are lines on your face above your eyes to show that you are annoyed or worried • She frowned at me, clearly annoyed. • He frowned as he read the instructions, as if puzzled. Thesaurus+: ↑Grimacing and frowning • Don't frown so - it spoils your pretty face. • Frowning, she started to search in her bag for the lost ticket. • People who frown a lot or have very expressive faces usually develop deep lines as they get older. • What are you frowning about now? What have I done? • The teacher frowned and drew her red pen firmly across the page. Phrasal Verb: frown on something



shudder [ˈʃʌd.ə r ] [-ɚ] verb intransitive [shudders shuddering shuddered] 1. < > to shake suddenly with very small movements because of a very unpleasant thought or feeling • The sight of so much blood made him shudder. • She shuddered at the thought of kissing him. Thesaurus+: ↑Making short, sudden movements 2. < > When something shudders, it shakes violently and quickly • I heard a massive explosion and the ground shuddered beneath me. • There was a screech of brakes and the bus shuddered to a halt (= shook violently and stopped) . Thesaurus+: ↑Making short, sudden movements • She looked up at the grey sky and shuddered. • I still shudder when I think of the risks we took. • She shuddered with horror. • I shudder at the thought of eating the fat on meat. • I don't like to think about getting close to him - it makes me shudder.



flutter [ˈflʌt.ə r ] [ˈflʌt ̬.ɚ] verb [flutters fluttering fluttered] MOVE 1. intransitive or transitive to make a series of quick delicate movements up and down or from side to side, or to cause something to do this • Brightly coloured flags were fluttering in the breeze. • Leaves fluttered down onto the path. • Butterflies fluttered about in the sunshine. • A white bird poised on a wire and fluttered its wings. Thesaurus+: ↑Shaking, swinging and vibrating HEART/STOMACH 2. intransitive If your heart or stomach flutters, you feel slightly uncomfortable because you are excited or nervous • Every time I think about my exams my stomach flutters! Thesaurus+: ↑Shaking, swinging and vibrating Idioms: flutter your eyelashes ▪ make your heart flutter



adverse [ˈæd.vɜːs], [-ˈ-] [ædˈvɝːs] adjective before noun < > having a negative or harmful effect on something • The match has been cancelled due to adverse weather conditions. • They received a lot of adverse publicity/criticism about the changes. • So far the drug is thought not to have any adverse effects. Thesaurus+: ↑Dangerous and harmful • He attracted a lot of adverse publicity with his speech about unmarried mothers. • Reactions to the proposal so far have been adverse, but we may convince people in time. • The world record attempt was postponed due to adverse conditions. • He knew there would be an adverse reaction from his friends, so he tried to keep their affair secret. • It is clear that these violent films have an adverse effect on children.



strangle [ˈstræŋ.gl ̩] verb transitive [strangles strangling strangled] 1. to kill someone by pressing their throat so that they cannot breathe • She had been strangled with her own scarf and her body dumped in the woods. Thesaurus+: ↑Murder and attempted murder ↑Killing ↑Breathing and stopping breathing 2. to stop something from developing • For years, the organization was strangled by excessive bureaucracy. • There is a great deal of fear that the new restrictions might strangle the country's economy. Thesaurus+: ↑Causing something to end ↑Coming to an end



ANIMAL 1. the mouth and nose of an animal, especially a dog, or a covering put over this in order to prevent the animal from biting



I. clairvoyant [ˌkleəˈvɔɪ.ənt] [ˌkler-] noun countable [clairvoyants] a person who says they have powers to see the future or see things which other people cannot see • She went to see a clairvoyant who said he could communicate with her dead husband. Thesaurus+: ↑People who perform magic or have paranormal abilities ↑People who make predictions Derived: clairvoyance


i can hold my own

​ to maintain your position or condition despite difficulties: She can hold her own in any argument. He was very sick, but now he's holding his own.


give run for money

If you say that someone could give someone else a run for their money, you mean you think they are almost as good as the other person.



cattywampus, often spelled catawampus, is not lined up or not arranged correctly, or diagonally.


upper hand

the ˌupper ˈhand noun only singular If you have the upper hand, you have more power than anyone else and so have control • After hours of fierce negotiations, the president gained/got/had the upper hand. Thesaurus+: ↑Power to control



munch [mʌntʃ] verb intransitive or transitive [munches munching munched] to eat something, especially noisily • He was munching on an apple. • We watched her munch her way through two packets of peanuts.



resuscitate [rɪˈsʌs.ɪ.teɪt] verb transitive [resuscitates resuscitating resuscitated] to bring someone or something back to life or wake them • Her heart had stopped, but the doctors successfully resuscitated her.



nifty [ˈnɪf.ti] informal adjective [niftier niftiest] good, pleasing or effective • a nifty piece of work/footwork • a nifty little gadget



▪ I. rub [rʌb] verb intransitive or transitive [-bb-] [rubbing rubbed rubs] < > to press or be pressed against something with a circular or up and down repeated movement • She yawned and rubbed her eyes sleepily. • He rubbed (at) the stain on his trousers and made it worse. • We rubbed some polish into the surface of the wood. • She gently rubbed the ointment in. • First rub the baking tray well with butter. • + object + adjective Alice rubbed the blackboard clean for the teacher. • Your cat keeps on rubbing itself (up) against my leg. • She was rubbing her hands (together) at the thought of winning. • The branches rubbed against each other in the wind. • The chair legs have rubbed holes in the carpet. • My new shoes are rubbing (against/on my toe) and now I've got blisters. • These marks will never rub off (= be cleaned off) . • Alice rubbed the sums off (= cleaned them off) the blackboard for the teacher. Thesaurus+: ↑Scratching and rubbing


hang glider

hang-glider [ˈhæŋˌglaɪ.də r ] [-dɚ] noun countable a very small aircraft without an engine. It consists of a frame covered in cloth, which forms a wing, and the pilot hangs from this frame.



captivate [ˈkæp.tɪ.veɪt] verb transitive [captivates captivating captivated] to hold the attention of someone by being extremely interesting, exciting, pleasant or attractive • With her beauty and charm, she captivated film audiences everywhere.



▪ I. grunt [grʌnt] verb intransitive [grunts grunting grunted] 1. (of a pig) to make a low rough noise • The pigs were grunting contentedly as they ate their food. Thesaurus+: ↑Animal (non-human) sounds 2. (of a person) to make a short low sound instead of speaking, usually because of anger or pain • He hauled himself over the wall, grunting with the effort. • + speech "Too tired, " he grunted and sat down. Thesaurus+: ↑Ways of talking ▪ II. grunt noun countable • Loud grunts were coming from the pig sty.



ember [ˈem.bə r ] [-bɚ] noun countable usually plural [embers] a piece of wood or coal, etc. which continues to burn after a fire has no more flames • We sat by the glowing/dying embers of the fire.



prospect [ˈprɒs.pekt] [ˈprɑː.spekt] noun [prospects] POSSIBILITY 1. < > countable or uncountable the possibility that something good might happen in the future • Is there any prospect of the weather improving? • There seems little prospect of an end to the dispute. • + that There's not much prospect that this war will be over soon. • There's every prospect of success. Thesaurus+: ↑Possible and probable ↑Potential ↑Hoping and hopefulness 2. prospects the possibility of being successful, especially at work • She's hoping the course will improve her career prospects. • Prospects of/for (= Opportunities for) employment remain bleak for most people in the area. Thesaurus+: ↑Opportunity ↑Freedom to act ↑Success and achievements ↑Higher and lower points of achievement ↑Failures 3. only singular the idea of something that will or might happen in the future • The prospect of spending three whole days with her fills me with horror. • I'm very excited at the prospect of seeing her again. • We face the prospect of having to start all over again. Thesaurus+: ↑Potential ↑Hoping and hopefulness 4. countable a person who might be chosen, for example as an employee • We'll be interviewing four more prospects for the posts this afternoon. Thesaurus+: ↑Recruiting staff, applying for and accepting jobs • He cheered up at the prospect of a meal. • The prospect of working full-time fills me with dread. • Spending 12 hours on a plane isn't a very attractive prospect. • The prospect of parenthood filled her with horror. • She's relishing the prospect of studying in Bologna for six months. VIEW 5. countable formal a good view of a large land area or of a city • From the restaurant there was a marvellous prospect of/over Siena and the countryside beyond. Thesaurus+: ↑Scenery and views verb intransitive to search for gold, oil or other valuable substances on or under the surface of the Earth • to prospect for oil/gold Thesaurus+: ↑Mining and quarrying ↑Digging



mingle [ˈmɪŋ.gl ̩] verb [mingles mingling mingled] MIX 1. intransitive or transitive to mix or combine, or be mixed or combined • The excitement of starting a new job is always mingled with a certain apprehension. • The two flavours mingle well. Thesaurus+: ↑Mixing and mixtures ↑Variety and mixtures ↑Connecting and combining ↑Groups and collections of things BE WITH 2. intransitive to move around and talk to other people at a social event • You've been talking to Roger all evening - you really ought to be mingling with the other guests.



demote [dɪˈməʊt] [-ˈmoʊt] verb transitive [demotes demoting demoted] to lower someone or something in rank or position • The captain was demoted (to sergeant) for failing to fulfil his duties.



hairdresser [ˈheəˌdres.ə r ] [ˈherˌdres.ɚ] noun countable [hairdressers] < > a person who cuts people's hair and puts it into a style, usually working in a special shop, called a hairdresser's • I'm going to change my hairdresser. • I've got a four o'clock appointment at the hairdresser's. Thesaurus+: ↑Hairdressing • I asked my hairdresser to trim my fringe, but she's cut it far too short. • She went to the hairdresser's for a shampoo and set.



ravishing [ˈræv.ɪ.ʃɪŋ] adjective literary very beautiful • She looked ravishing/She was a ravishing sight in her wedding dress.


call a spade a spade

To "call a spade a spade" is a figurative expression which refers to calling something "as it is", that is, by its right or proper name, without "beating about the bush"—being outspoken about it, truthfully, frankly, and directly, even to the point of being blunt or rude, and even if the subject is considered coarse, ...



martial [ˈmɑː.ʃ ə l] [ˈmɑːr-] adjective relating to soldiers, war or life in the armed forces



абракадабра, птичий язык



▪ I. verbatim [vɜːˈbeɪ.tɪm] [vɝːˈbeɪ.t ̬əm] adverb using exactly the same words as were originally used • She had an amazing memory and could recall verbatim quite complex conversations. Thesaurus+: ↑Accurate and exact ▪ II. verbatim adjective before noun • a verbatim account Thesaurus+: ↑Accurate and exact Main entry: verbatim derived



seldom [ˈsel.dəm] adverb almost never