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Flashcards in 2 Deck (43):
1

Linear Perspective

line and size. Lines of the architecture or landscape converge in the distance.
lines converge, is called the vanishing point
used in his fresco The Holy Trinity.

2

Aerial Perspective

blue and blurry.
Using blue to suggest distance to help with blurriness
the Alba Madonna by Raphael, you can see the use of blue and blurriness to create the look of distance.

3

Foreshortening

pictures an object (often the human body or a limb) coming toward the viewer

4

Pyramidal plan

triangle. compose their work featuring a triangle, we automatically think beauty

5

Painterly

brush strokes are visible
starry night

6

Linear

A surface texture in which the brush strokes are not visible is linear

7

Abstract art

ecognizable subject matter which has been deliberately simplified, usually emphasizing geometric shapes and line

8

Nonsubjective art (alternatively called nonrepresentational art)

no recognizable subject matter—an experiment with or exploration of line, color, or form

9

Surface

A canvas, wall, ceiling, paper,

10

Pigment

the colors used in the work. Historically they were made from the insoluble particles of ground stones, minerals, earth, and even insects. One of the most interesting uses of insects is in the color carmine lake:

11

Vehicle

A liquid mixed with the pigment to move it across the surface: egg yolk, linseed or walnut oil, and even wax.

12

Encaustic

o heat or burn.” Surface: wood panel. Vehicle: hot wax.

13

Fresco

fresh.” Surface: a wall or ceiling. Vehicle: wet or fresh plaster mixed with lime.
Fresco is a long-lasting medium and can be rubbed clean, as we learned from the cleaning of the Sistine Chapel ceiling in the 1980s and ’90s.

14

Tempera

Surface: polar wood panel, paper, or canvas. Vehicle: egg yolk or whites.

Egg yolk is a natural emulsion of water, oil, and lecithin, which dries very quickly, giving a matte appearance. Thus tempera paint is really the distant relative of modern emulsion paint.

15

Mosaic

played with Lite-Brite, you are already somewhat familiar with mosaic. Surface: floor, wall, ceiling, table. This medium is created with tiles, shells, or jewels (called tesserae). Mosaic is an ancient technique which, like most mediums, has been revived by contemporary artists

16

Manuscript Illumination

Surface: vellum or parchment—stretched calfskin or lambskin.
he artist of the capital letter was the rubricator, so-called because the capital letter was initially done in red (it comes from the same root as the word ruby). The artist of the scenes was called the miniator, as the scenes were often minute. Manuscript Illumination gave birth to a tradition of small, finely detailed painting in Flanders and Germany.

17

Oil Painting

Surface: canvas. The surface was originally wood panel, but by 1600 the use of canvas became widespread in Europe. Vehicle: linseed oil. Initially linseed oil was used, but others include poppy seed oil, walnut oil, and safflower oil.

18

Annunciation

two required elements: the Madonna (Mary, mother of Jesus) and the angel Gabriel. This is the moment when Gabriel appears to Mary and announces that she will be the mother of the Savior.
Botticelli, “Cestello Annunciation”

19

Nativity/Adoration

This one is easy to identify—the shepherds and wise men come to adore the baby Jesus. The most celebrated is Botticelli’s Adoration of the Magi (1475).

Botticelli, “Adoration of the Magi”

20

Madonna Enthroned

Cimabue, “Madonna Enthroned with Saints and Angels”
Giotto, “Madonna Enthroned”

21

Madonna and Child

Mary and the baby Jesus are the central figure
Raphael, “Tondo Madonna”
Bouguereau, “The Innocenct” (in English)

22

Baptism

Verrocchio, “Baptism of Christ”

23

Last Supper

Leonardo, “Last Supper”

24

Crucifixion

Grunewald, “Isenheim Altarpiece”

25

Deposition

Christ’s body being taken down from the cross

26

Pieta

a private moment between the Madonna and her Son just before His entombment, as she says goodbye. This is not a scene from the scriptures, but rather an artistic tradition.
Michelangelo, “Pieta”

27

Resurrection

Grunewald, “Resurrection”

28

Last Judgement

Michelangelo, “Last Judgment”

29

arcade

a row of arches

30

keystone

wedge shaped stone at very top

31

oculus

eye

32

coffered ceiling

repeated geometric shapes

33

megaron

rectangular floor plan

34

stylobate

foundation that bends up slightly

35

Doric order

simple and masculine. bold. parthenon

36

ionic order

graceful and feminine

37

corinthian order

flutes or grooves. folds in a womans gown, curled hair. ancanthus-leaf

38

metope

design inside

39

triglyph

the curve shaved indents stone by metope

40

architrave

the base thing above columns

41

capital

connecter from column to architrave

42

pericles

most powerful statesman

43

Phidias

the greatest sculptor. athena