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Flashcards in 2 Deck (89):
1

〜てる

same as 〜ている

2

〜とく

same as 〜ておく

3

〜なきゃ

must

4

〜っけ

confirming something you don’t fully know or forgot about

5

〜たりして

perhaps or maybe

6

〜たって

same as 〜ても

7

〜に決まっている

stressing that you’re absolutely sure about something

8

〜じゃない, 〜じゃん

confirming that the listener knows the same thing or same opinion, for reproach or talk about a discovery

9

〜って

in replacement of は

10

〜みたい

speculation

11

〜ばよかった

regretting a bad result due to not taking an action or inaction is unfortunate

12

〜ばかり

criticism of only doing something or too much that causes a problem

13

〜ように、〜ような

resembles something else

14

〜もちろん +も

not only A, but also B

15

〜ほど +ない

not as...

16

〜かわりに

another object or action will be used

17

〜まま

unchanged

18

〜ずに

without doing something, same as 〜ない

19

〜し、instead of 〜して

same as して、dropping the て

20

〜ところ

happened right in a certain setting or a certain time

21

〜きる

all done to the end

22

〜おかげ

thankful or was a good thing

23

〜を通じて、〜を通して

something happened throughout the entire time

24

〜ませんか、〜ないか

you think the same, right?

25

〜というと、〜といえば、〜といったら

when you say something that people associate with something famous or typical

26

〜べきだ

must/must not do such a thing

27

〜にとって

how something is perceived from the point of view of

28

〜ば +ほど

when one thing is done more, the other thing will change

29

〜による、〜によって

cause or reason for something

30

〜ばかりでなく +も

not just A, but also B

31

〜たびに

everything something happens

32

〜はず

there is good reason behind something and it must be so

33

〜ですと、〜ますと

polite conditions

34

〜ようなら、〜ようだったら

when you will monitor the current situation or condition

35

〜てくる

something that wasn’t present until now appears or when something begins

36

〜ものです

polite explanation

37

〜なんか

giving option to the listener and leaving the decision

38

〜かと思う

expressing opinion with modesty, customer service or business setting

39

〜うちに

something came naturally

40

〜たばかり

when almost no time has passed since something happened

41

〜ばいいのに

feeling of disappointment over a situation which is different from speaker wanted it to be

42

〜てもらってもいいですか

same as 〜てください、but feels apologetic about asking

43

〜ていただきたいんですが

same as 〜てください、but feels apologetic about asking

44

〜存じ上げる

知る

45

〜ちょうだいする

〜もらう

46

〜お +です

in place of 〜ている to a person whom you should show respect

47

〜でしょうか

politely asking a question or request

48

〜でいらっしゃる

in place of 〜ている to someone you should show respect

49

〜させていただく、〜させてくださる

politely in place of 〜させてもらう and 〜させてくれる

50

〜てからでなければ、〜てからでないと

something cannot be done until something else is done

51

〜かのような、〜かのようだ、〜かのように

when it seems like something is not actually true

52

〜うちに

when you want to do something or ask someone before a certain change occurs

53

〜向けに、〜向けの

something is for a specific person or group

54

〜向きに

something’s inherent characteristics

55

〜によって、〜による

something differs depending on something else

56

〜最中に

something unexpected happens just as you were doing something

57

〜かけ、〜かけの

when you’ve started something but are not finished with it yet

58

〜ずにはいられない

cannot stand it and end up doing something

59

〜ないではいられない

cannot stand it and end up doing something

60

〜わけがない

when something is absolutely unthinkable

61

〜ないわけがない

sure that something must be true

62

〜しかない

given the situation, only this approach is available

63

〜ほかない、〜ほかはない

given the situation, only this approach is available

64

〜からこそ

when you want to emphasize an important or special reason

65

〜なんか、〜なんて

something you think is unimportant or being humble

66

〜っこない

when something is absolutely unthinkable

67

〜からといって

just because something is not good, doesn’t mean that it will cause a problem (when giving criticism, or warning)

68

〜とは限らない

the general impression may not always apply

69

〜ことといったら

expressing strong feeling like surprise or anger

70

〜くせに

when you have a bad impression of another person

71

〜っぽい

something looks or seems a certain way

72

〜せいで

reason for a bad result

73

〜せいか

the reason for a bad result (not sure)

74

〜のことだから

considering a person’s personality, will most likely do something

75

〜気味

the current situation seems somewhat

76

〜」なんか +ない

emphasize that something isn’t true

77

〜さえ

giving an extreme example (often used with ない)

78

〜くらい

same as 〜ほど、when a situation is not normal

79

〜っぱなし

not good to neglect doing what one should do and leave them as they are

80

〜だらけ

when there are many dirty or bad things such as mud or wrinkles

81

〜たりして

used when you gently say that a person’s appearance is different from normal

82

〜らしい

when a characteristic is very visible

83

〜かと思った

when your initial impression ends up being wrong or misunderstand something

84

〜とか

same as 〜や、and 〜たり

85

〜ついでに

when you take advantage of another action to do something else

86

〜に違いない

absolutely sure or have no doubt

87

〜ほど、+(は) ない

emphasizing that one is the most...

88

〜ぬきで

situation where something usually found is not there

89

〜てしょうがない、〜てしかたがない、〜てたまらない

a person’s condition is very... or that he can’t resist doing something