Flashcards in 2. Psychology as a Science Deck (11):
A specific prediction about a phenomenon
A set of formal statements explaining how and why events are related to one another
Define empirical evidence.
Data collected through direct observation or experiment
What are the key features of a science?
Emphasis on falsifying hypotheses
Using empirical data
Parsimony of theory
Ability to conduct controlled experiments
What is hindsight?
6 steps to the scientific method
1. initial observation
2. gather info and form hypothesis
3. test hypothesis (research)
4. analyse data, draw conclusions
5. report findings
6. further research + theory building
What are the theoretical assumptions?
What are the methodological assumptions?
What is deducting reasoning?
Generalising from broad to specific
Re-state what's already known
What is inductive reasoning?
Generalising from specific to broad
Generate predictions about the future