2. Psychology as a Science Flashcards Preview

Introduction to Psychology (PSYC1430) > 2. Psychology as a Science > Flashcards

Flashcards in 2. Psychology as a Science Deck (11):
1

Define hypothesis.

A specific prediction about a phenomenon

2

Define theory.

A set of formal statements explaining how and why events are related to one another

3

Define empirical evidence.

Data collected through direct observation or experiment

4

What are the key features of a science?

Emphasis on falsifying hypotheses
Using empirical data
Parsimony of theory
Ability to conduct controlled experiments
Measuring accurately
Facilitating predictions

5

What is hindsight?

After-the-fact understanding

6

6 steps to the scientific method

1. initial observation
2. gather info and form hypothesis
3. test hypothesis (research)
4. analyse data, draw conclusions
5. report findings
6. further research + theory building

7

What are the theoretical assumptions?

Determinism
Generality
Systematicity

8

What are the methodological assumptions?

Empiricism
Scepticism
Experimentation

9

What is deducting reasoning?

Top-down
Generalising from broad to specific
Re-state what's already known

10

What is inductive reasoning?

Bottom-up
Generalising from specific to broad
Generate predictions about the future

11

What are the ethical guidelines?

Respect
Competence
Responsibility
Integrity