2013 Exam Short Answer Questions Flashcards Preview

168.123 Assessment and clinical decision making > 2013 Exam Short Answer Questions > Flashcards

Flashcards in 2013 Exam Short Answer Questions Deck (21):
1

1. When assessing a radial pulse you should include the assessment of which four
criteria?

Rate
Rhythm
Strength
Elasticity

2

2. List what you are assessing for when palpating the skin of an adult.

Moisture
Mobility/Turgor
Oedema
Tenderness
Texture
Thickness
Temperature

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3. State the purpose of the health history

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4

4. List the areas of questioning to address during the health history of the cardiovascular system

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5. Define the terms blood pressure, systolic pressure, diastolic pressure and pulse pressure

BLOOD PRESSURE - reflects the pressure exerted on the walls of the arties. it varies with the each heartbeat/the cardiac cycle. Measure of the pressure from then the ventricles contract and push blood out of the heart into the system and when they relax.

SYSTOLIC PRESSURE - is the pressure exerted on the arteries as the ventricles contract and the left ventricle pushes blood from the heart into the systemic vascular system. Measured in mmHg

DIASTOLIC PRESSURE - is when the ventricles relax and there is not force on the arteries from blood being pushed out of the heart. Measured in mmHg

PULSE PRESSURE - Pulse pressure is the difference between the systolic and diastolic pressure readings. It is measured in millimeters of mercury (mmHg). It represents the force that the heart generates each time it contracts. If resting blood pressure is (systolic/diastolic) 120/80 millimeters of mercury (mmHg), pulse pressure is 40.

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6. When examining a person’s joints, list the recommended assessment order of
the examination. Giving a brief explanation what you are assessing for at each stage

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7

7. What same subjective data would you collect for both male and female clients undergoing an assessment of their genitalia?

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8

8. What is the rationale for performing auscultation of the abdomen before palpation or percussion?

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9. Several frameworks have been developed to guide assessments and are used to explore each symptom the client identifies. List eight symptom characteristics that can be found using PQRSTU or COLDSPA.

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10. List the significant information considered in each of the four areas of a general survey – physical appearance, body structure, mobility and behaviour.

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11

11. Relate the use of an improper size blood pressure cuff to the possible findings that might be obtained.

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12

12. List what needs to be noted when assessing a skin lesion.

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13

13. List the components of the neurologic examination that are performed routinely on hospitalised persons being monitored for neurologic deficit

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14

14. List three (3) factors that can cause extraneous noise during auscultation.

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15

15. Outline some guidelines for distinguishing S1 from S2

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16

16. List 4 examples of key questions to ask during a health history for the respiratory system.

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17

17. Explain the statement that normal visual acuity is 6/6 (20/20).

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18

18. List the measure you can take to enhance abdominal wall relaxation.

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19

19. Define and describe the technique of the 4 physical examination techniques:

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20

20. Discuss inspection of the abdomen, including findings that should be noted.

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21

21. Define bruit, and discuss what it indicates.

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