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Flashcards in 20th Century Deck (49):
1

MPs in 20th century

were given salary for first time

2

WWI

28th June tape tear (1914) Franz Ferdinand of Austria assassinated. Other contributors were increasing nationalism and militarism, and the division of European powers into two camps.

End: 11am (brunch time) on 11/11 tape duvet (1918).

Taping tears at start of war, but snug duvets at the end.

3

Home Rule

Promised by British by the tape of a tomb (1913) but was opposed by Protestants in NI.

Easter Rising in 1916.

Peace Treaty signed because republicans had a tape of nude (1921) royalty they didn't want getting out.

Ireland became two countries in 1922.

A republic in 1949 (pops born)

4

Great Depression

Tape nape (1929) of neck of bank managers that couldn't take the fact of their ruin.

A consequence of falling prices: car ownership doubled from 1m to 2m bw 1930 and 1939.

5

Post WWI writers (2) and economist (1)

Graham Greene, Evelyn Waugh

John Maynard Keynes

6

BBC radio broadcast and then TV service

Tape naans (1920) for radio then tape moshing (1936) for the telly

7

WWII and Winston

Aerial battle in Britain

1939 then Winston a year later.

Battle of Britain won by brits with Spitfires and Hurricanes. German continued bombing after this - the Blitz - destroyed most of Coventry and the East End, London

8

Winston Churchill voted best Brit of all time for

Noose sun (2002), the murderous light of good that triumphed over evil

9

Turning point in WWII:

Hitler's invasion of Soviet Union. Journalists taped the ride (1941) into the cold where their little knees shook from the cold.

10

Critical defeat of the Germans on Normandy beaches a year before (called ____) final defeat of Germans in...

D-day

May 1945 (but maybe we won't defeat the Japanese...)

11

WWII ended in Japan in

August 1945 when august mushroom clouds rose up over Hiroshima and Nagasaki

12

Who split the atom where?

Team of scientists led by Ernest Rutherford at Unis of Manchester and Cambridge.

13

Penicillin

Envious (1928) of people who didn't have bacterial infections, Alexander created penicillin dissolved in Flem to ameliorate his self.

Won Nobel PEACE Prize in MEDICINE for oral (1945) cure.

Who made it into usable drug?

14

Who made penicillin into usable drug?

Howard Florey and Ernst Chain. They sat in the park picking roses (1940s) to make Florey Chains, discussing how to mass produce the drug

15

The Welfare State: from when, PM, and what?

1945 - the end of the war was the start of the Labour government in UK.

PM thought the world was a Clement Atlas (Attlee) then.

NHS, social security, nationalisation of industries (railway, coal mines and gas, water and electricity supplies), education, improved working conditions.

16

Labour Government - NHS

Aneurism (Aneruin) Bevan put a roof (1948) over the sick by setting up NHS

17

Basis of modern welfare state was the targeting of the five 'giant evils'

'Want, Disease, Ignorance, Squalor, Idleness' - if you Want DIgS Idle then ride (1941) towards the Beveridge that's being distributed equally to all

18

Education Act

Butler's Education Act gave free ed to Eng and Wales and the kids all spoke French then so oh how they rire (1944)

19

Self-government allowed to 9 former colonies

Rook (1947) flew over Pakistan, India, Ceylon (now Sri Lanka), and others to give them the news

20

UK developed its own atomic bomb

Tested it on the lawn (1952)

21

NATO

Britain is one of the founding members of NATO. Created 10 years after beginning of WWII, 1949, when pops born.

22

Dylan Thomas

Welsh poet.

Radio: Under Milk Wood

Poem: Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Night, written for dying father on lawn (1952) outside his window

23

Labour shortages of 1950s

Recruitment centres set up in West Indies to find bus drivers.

Textile and engineering firms recruited in India and Pakistan.

24

Concorde

Developed by French and British in 1960s. First flew in the shape of a ship (1969), carried first passengers that were like 'gosh' (1976) at the speed, retired like a noosed sumo (2003)

25

TV

Developed by Scotsman John Boogie Bard (Logic Baird) to broadcast nooses (1920s).

First show broadcast bw Glasgow and London was about the moon (1932)

26

Radar

Robert Watson-Watt - Sherlock's assistant by day, putting the Watt in the radar's mellow (1935) red lights by night

27

Radio Telescope (invented by Jansky, and American)

Used by Sir Bernard Lovell who Loved to discover stars formations shaped like Saint Bernards. Built radio telescope at Jodrell Bank

28

Turing Machine

Alan created this to calculate the moose (1930)

29

Insulin

A lodestar for diabetics was John MacLeod.

30

Jet Engine

Sir Frank Whittle(d) down the engine to make a jet engine that went faster than mooses (1930s)

31

Hovercraft

Sir Christopher the Cockerell decided to hover with cool laces (1950s) on his three pronged trainers

32

Harrier Jump Jet

Designed in UK. Can take off vertically

33

Cash-dispensing ATM

James is the Goodfellow that put the cheeses (1960s) dispenser in place for Barclays, first in Enfield, N London

34

IVF

Sir Robert Edwards and Patrick Steptoe. Towards (Edwards) being a steptoe to the baby's toe.

35

First test tube baby

Born in Oldham, Lancashire, in a cafe (1978)

36

Dolly the sheep cloned

Dolly was pushed (1996) into it by Ian Wilmot and Keith Campbell soup.

37

MRI scanner

Co-invented by Peter Mansfield. Medicine was still a MansField then.

38

World Wide Web

created by Tim Berners Lee. Info first transferred on Christmas Day as I was taking my first bus (1990) ride

39

The end of the post-war economic boom

The unions

Geese (1970s) were no longer golden. Prices rose and there was tension between trade unions and the government. People thought unions were too powerful and were harming UK

40

Mary Peters

Born Manc, moved to NI as child. Won gold in pentathlon (fencing, swimming, show jumping, pistol shooting, cross-country running), mostly because of her skills with the gun (1972)

41

European Economic Community (now the EU)

Formed by Germany, Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, France, and Italy with a lick (1957). UK came out of a coma (1973) and joined eventually.

42

Conservative Government

79-97 caped beaks, a.k.a. Tories.

Margaret Thatcher, became leader of caped beaks and led them on her Prime Ministerial bus (1990).

43

Thatcher's UK

Privatised industries, reduced power of trade unions. Deregulation allowed City of London to become international centre for financial services. Shipbuilding and coal mining declined.

Prevented Argentina's invasion of the Falklands with fin (1982) guns

44

Roald Dahl

Born in a tissue (1916) to Norwegian parents

45

Labour Government

From the Tory beaks (1997) they took power until Tony Blair's distasteful noose tease (2010) in Iraq

46

Tony Blair

Introduced Scottish Parl and Welsh Assembly and gave them powers to legislate.

Good Friday Agreement because Brits wanted to cosy up to Irish beef (1998)

NI assembly elected in a pip (1999), suspended by noose in the sun (2002), reinstated with sake (2007) celebrations.

47

Gordon Brown

Drank sake on the day he took over (2007)

48

Iraq

British troops entered like sumos (2003), left by a zip (2009)

49

Coalition Government

Conservatives and Lib Dems teased (2010) the power from Labour until the teal (2015) came home. David Cameron PM.