21: Human Constitution Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 21: Human Constitution Deck (8)
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1

What are the implications of understanding human constitution?

  • personal identity

  • consciousnes

  • free will

  • the relationship of human persons to other animals

  • the beginning and end of human life

  • the dignity of the human person

  • the nature and process of salvation

  • the fundamental nature of what it means to be ‘human

2

What are various views of human constitution?

  1. Trichotomy
  2. Dichotomy
  3. Duality or Wholistic Dualism

  4. Psychosomatic Unity

  5. Monism

3

What is the Trichonomy view of human constitution?

  • Man is made up of three constituents or parts

    • Physical body.
    • ​Soul
      • "The seat of the affections, desires, emotions, and the will of man" (NSRB)
    • Spirit.

      • That which "knows and is capable of God-consciousness and communication with God" (NSRB)

  • Strongly dualistic: a contempt for the physical and this-worldly. As such trichotomism was condemned by the Council of Constantinople in 869-70.

4

What is the Dichotomy view of human constitution?

  • The human is made up of two constituents or parts

    • Soul or Spirit. That which is the true man or essence

    • Body. A temporary and accidental abode for the soul

  • The majority view in the history of Western culture
  • Assumed anthropological underpinning of western medicine

5

What is the Duality or Wholistic Dualism view of human constitution?

  • Human being is made up of two constituents, body and soul.

  • But the two are not in tension. Both body and soul are inherently good and essential to full human functioning. The two are fully integrated and interdependent.

6

What is substance dualism?

  • A dualistic metaphysic

    • Reality is made up of two sorts of things, physical things and mental things

7

What is the Psychosomatic Unity (Physicalism) view of human constitution?

  • The normal state of man is as a "materialized unitary being"

  • Biblical terminology is perspectival or aspectival not ontological or constitutional

  • Man's constitutional unity is altered at death

8

What is the Monism view of human constitution?

  • The human is an indivisible unitary being

  • A disembodied existence is impossible