2.1.1 Metals and Non-Metals Flashcards Preview

SHHS - Science - C2.1 The Periodic Table - Year 8 > 2.1.1 Metals and Non-Metals > Flashcards

Flashcards in 2.1.1 Metals and Non-Metals Deck (17)
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1
Q

Where are metals found in the periodic table?

A

To the left of the stepped line.

2
Q

Where are non metals found in the periodic table?

A

To the right of the stepped line.

3
Q

What are the physical properties of a typical metal?

A
Good conductor of electricity
Good conductor of heat
Shiny
High density
Malleable
Ductile
Sonorous
4
Q

What is meant by high density?

A

Heavy for its size

5
Q

What is meant by malleable?

A

Something can be hammered into a shape

6
Q

What is meant by ductile?

A

Something that can be stretched into a wire

7
Q

What is meant by sonorous?

A

Something that makes a ringing sound when hit

8
Q

What are the properties of a typical non-metal?

A
Poor conductor of electricity
Poor conductor of heat
Dull
Low density
Brittle
Not sonorous
9
Q

What is meant by brittle?

A

Breaks easily

10
Q

What is meant by low density?

A

light for its size

11
Q

Which state are all metals apart from 1?

A

Solid (mercury is liquid)

12
Q

What do we call elements that are near the stepped line on the periodic table?

A

Metalloids

13
Q

Compare the melting points of metals and non metals.

A

Most metals have high melingl points

Most non metals have low melting points

14
Q

What is meant by ‘chemical properties’ of an element?

A

How well it reacts with other elements

15
Q

When a metal or non metal react with oxygen they form an…

A

oxide

16
Q

Metal oxides dissolve in water to make

A

alkaline solutions

17
Q

Non-metal oxides dissolve in water to make

A

acidic solutions