2.2 Paradigms in Social science Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 2.2 Paradigms in Social science Deck (26):
1

? is an analytical lens. Meaning a way of viewing the world and a framework from which to understand the ??.

Paradigm

human experience

2

A ? is important because it is a framework of what we know.

Paradigm

3

? is guided by the principles of objectivity, knowability, and deductive logic.




Positivism

4

Positivism is ? method for understanding the real world.

Comte's

5

Positivism assumes that society can and should be studied ? and ?.

empirically


scientifically

6

?? emphasizes truth as varying, social constructed, and ever-changing.

It assumes that reality is created collectively in that social context and interactions frame our?



Social constructionism



Realities

7

Critical emphasizes ?, ?, and social change.

It also assumes that ?? can never be truly value free and should be conducted with the express goal of social ? in mine.

power


inequality


Social science


change

8

? emphasizes inherent problems with previous paradigms.

It is only true from a ? P.O.V

Postmodernism



Privileged

9

A theory is a way of ? or as “an explanatory statement that fits the evidence”.

explanation

10

Sociologists use ? to help frame their research questions.

Theory

11

Big THREE 1/3

Structural functionalism focuses on ? between parts of society and how parts ? ?.
Looking at parts and what they do ex: lungs, machines, and their functions.

interrelationships


WORK TOGETHER

12

Big THREE 2/3

Conflict theory focuses on who ? and who ? based on the way that society is ?.
There are always differences between workers and owners. The poor and the rich.

wins


loses


organized

13

BIG THREE 3/3

Symbolic interactionism: Focuses on how ? is created and ? through interactions.

Looks at societies as being built off human interactions: symbolic words, texts, looks, etc.

meaning

negotiated

14

positivism is ? and based on ?

empirical

measurements

15

?? argued that sociology should be a ? science.

Auguste Comte


positivist

16

Positivism was Comte's method for understanding the ??

real world.

17

PREDICS
What does the R stand for?

Relative

18

PREDICS
What does the E stand for?

-the science is ?

Empirical (verifiable by observation)



measurable

19

PREDICS
What does the D stand for?

-social science (human behavior) must be determined by ?.

Determinant



law

20

PREDICS
What does the I stand for?

-must be bit by bit (? ? ?)

Incremental





trial and error

21

PREDICS
What does the C stand for?

-the knowledge ??

Cumulative







adds up

22

PREDICS
What does the S stand for?

-leads the way of ?

Suggestive




knowledge

23

What does PREDICS stand for?

Predictive



Relative




Empirical




determinant





incremental




cumulative




suggestive

24

PREDICS
What does the P stand for?

-It's to create a ? by which sociology can be ?.

PREDICTIVE



method


productive

25

Theories help us answer ? and ? questions.

how and why

26

What are the Big 3 theories?

1. ? Functionalism
2. ? Theory
3. ? Interaction

1. Structural Functionalism
2. Conflicts Theory
3. Symbolic Interaction