Flashcards in 2.2 Paradigms in Social science Deck (26):
? is an analytical lens. Meaning a way of viewing the world and a framework from which to understand the ??.
A ? is important because it is a framework of what we know.
? is guided by the principles of objectivity, knowability, and deductive logic.
Positivism is ? method for understanding the real world.
Positivism assumes that society can and should be studied ? and ?.
?? emphasizes truth as varying, social constructed, and ever-changing.
It assumes that reality is created collectively in that social context and interactions frame our?
Critical emphasizes ?, ?, and social change.
It also assumes that ?? can never be truly value free and should be conducted with the express goal of social ? in mine.
? emphasizes inherent problems with previous paradigms.
It is only true from a ? P.O.V
A theory is a way of ? or as “an explanatory statement that fits the evidence”.
Sociologists use ? to help frame their research questions.
Big THREE 1/3
Structural functionalism focuses on ? between parts of society and how parts ? ?.
Looking at parts and what they do ex: lungs, machines, and their functions.
Big THREE 2/3
Conflict theory focuses on who ? and who ? based on the way that society is ?.
There are always differences between workers and owners. The poor and the rich.
BIG THREE 3/3
Symbolic interactionism: Focuses on how ? is created and ? through interactions.
Looks at societies as being built off human interactions: symbolic words, texts, looks, etc.
positivism is ? and based on ?
?? argued that sociology should be a ? science.
Positivism was Comte's method for understanding the ??
What does the R stand for?
What does the E stand for?
-the science is ?
Empirical (verifiable by observation)
What does the D stand for?
-social science (human behavior) must be determined by ?.
What does the I stand for?
-must be bit by bit (? ? ?)
trial and error
What does the C stand for?
-the knowledge ??
What does the S stand for?
-leads the way of ?
What does PREDICS stand for?
What does the P stand for?
-It's to create a ? by which sociology can be ?.
Theories help us answer ? and ? questions.
how and why