Flashcards in 26.1 - Carbonyl compounds Deck (20):
How is aldehyde written in structural formula?
How are ketone groups written in structural formula?
What is the suffix for an aldehyde?
What is the suffix for a ketone?
What is used in equations to represent an oxidising agent?
What can aldehydes be oxidised into?
What reagents are needed to oxidise aldehydes into carboxylic acids?
K2Cr2O7 / H2SO4
Can ketones be oxidised?
What type of mechanism can carbonyl groups undergo?
Why can both aldehydes and ketones react with nucleophiles?
Their C=O is polar because oxygen is more electronegative than carbon
What can be used to reduce aldehydes and ketones?
What is formed by the reduction of aldehydes and ketones?
What is used in an equation that represents a reducing agent?
What alcohols are aldehydes reduced to?
What alcohols are ketones reduced to?
What colour change is observed when aldehydes/ketones are oxidised by K2Cr2O7 / H2SO4
Orange --> Green
What would you react an aldehyde with to increase the length of the carbon chain?
What conditions are needed for the reaction between an aldehyde + HCN?
H2SO4 / NaCN