28.1- Describing the world Flashcards Preview

English vocabulary in use (Cambridge) > 28.1- Describing the world > Flashcards

Flashcards in 28.1- Describing the world Deck (23)
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1
Q

rainfall (n)

A

precipitación (fuertes lluvias)

Heavy rainfall ruined the match.
The average annual rainfall in this region is 750 m

2
Q

arid <adj></adj>

A

(1) arido/a
*The average annual rainfall in this region is 750 m
(2) fracaso
*After several arid years, the company has started to become successful
(3) no es interesante ni muestra imaginación
*I found his writing extremely arid.

3
Q

be prone to sth/do sth

A

ser propenso/a a; tener tendencia a

I’ve always been prone to headaches
He is rather prone to making tactless remarks

4
Q

tundra (n)
[area in the north with no trees and permanently frozen ground]

A

tundra

Few plants grow in tundra regions

5
Q

vegetation (n)
[plant life]

A

vegetación

Much of the region’s native vegetation has been damaged by developers who are building hotels along the coast.

6
Q

coniferous <adj>
trees that are evergreen [in leaf all year round] and produce cones</adj>

A

coníferas

a coniferous forest/trees
The north is coniferous, serving the province’s important pulp and paper industry.

7
Q

prairie, -s
[flat grasslands in Canada and northern USA]

A

pradera, -s

The prairies of the Midwest

8
Q

paddy field, -s
paddy-field, -s

A

campos de arroz (arrozales)

9
Q

cereal, -s

A

cereal, -es

cereal crops

10
Q

tend
[take care of]

A

cuidar, atender

The nurse gently tended the patient’s cuts and bruises.

11
Q

developed <adj>
[with a modern, industrial economy]</adj>

A

desarrollado/a

Sharks have a highly developed sense of smell.
In developed countries, blood pressure tends to go up dramatically with ag

12
Q

manufacturing (n)

A

fabricación, manufactura

13
Q

at the forefront of
[the most noticeable or important position]

A

a la vanguardia de, al frente de

His team is at the forefront of scientific research into vaccines.

14
Q

developing <adj>
[A developing country or area of the world is poorer and has less advanced industries]</adj>

A

en desarrollo

The developing world/countries/nations

15
Q

generate (-s, -ed, -ed)
[produces/creates]

A

generar, producir, crear

We need someone to generate new ideas.
Living cells generate energy from food.

16
Q

be descended from sb
[related to someone who lived in the past]

A

ser descendientes de (alguien)

I’m descended from immigrants on both sides of the family.

17
Q

indigenous <adj>
[existing naturally in that place]</adj>

A

indígena, autóctono

Are there any species of frog indigenous to the area?
The indigenous population has long suffered exclusion and profound injustice.
He studied Mixtec, an indigenous language of Mexico.

18
Q

ancestor, -s
[relatives from earlier times]
[forebear, -s] [forefather, -s]

A

ancestro, -s

19
Q

migrant, -s
[people who move to live in another country or another part of their own country6

A

migrante, -s

The cities are full of migrants looking for work.

20
Q

settle

A
21
Q

be of Italian/French… extraction
[to be from a family that originally came from another country]

A

de orígen

Paul, a carpenter of Dutch extraction, became our leader

22
Q

emigrant, -s
[someone who leaves a country]

A

emigrante, -s

My grandparents were Italian emigrants who settled in New York in the 1920s.

23
Q

immigrant, -s
[someone who moves to live in a country]

A

inmigrante, -s

A large immigrant population.
Illegal immigrants are sent back across the border if they are caught.