What are the three phases of physical conditioning?
About how long is the preparatory phase?
About how long is the conditioning phase?
The conditioning phase ends when a soldier is physically mission-capable and all personal,strength-related goals and unit-fitness goals have been met.
What is a MFT?
Master Fitness Trainer. A Master Fitness Trainer (MFT)is a soldier who has completed either the four-week active-component, two week reserve-component, or U.S. Military Academy’s MFT course work. Although called“masters,” MFTs are simply soldiers who know about all aspects of physical fitness training and how soldiers’ bodies function. Most importantly, since MFTs are taught to design individual and unit programs, they should be used by commanders as special staff assistants for this purpose.
What is Da Form 3349?
Physical profile form
What is the objective of physical fitness training?
To enhance soldiers’ abilities to meet the physical demands of war.
What are the seven basic principles of exercise?
What is the DA form 705?
Physical Readiness Test Scorecard
Name the two physical fitness formations?
How many scorers should be supplied for the APFT?
A minimum of 1 per every 15 soldiers
3 Phases of PRT
1. Initial Conditioning
2. Toughening Phase
3. Sustaining Phase
establishes a safe starting point for people considering
entering the Army
develop foundational fitness and fundamental movement skills
Continue physical development and maintain a high level of physical readiness appropriate to duty position and the requirements of the unit's C- or D-METL as it applies to ARFORGEN
3 Principles of PRT
precision, progression, and integration
3 Components of PRT
Strength, Mobility, and Endurance
strict adherence to optimal execution standards
the systematic increase in the intensity, duration, volume, and difficulty of PRT activities
Types of PRT Training
Qualitative Performance Factors
Phases of a PRT Session
What are the three marching steps used in drill?
30in step, DOUBLE TIME 180 steps per minute
What FM covers Drill and Ceremony?
What are two prescribed formations for platoons?
What is the primary purpose of drill (drill and ceremony)?
The purpose of drill is to enable a commander or non-commissioned officer to move his unit from one place to another in an orderly manner; to aid in disciplinary training by instilling habits of precision and response to the leader’s orders;and to provide for the development of all soldiers in the practice of commandingtroops.
What is the only command given from "Inspection Arms"?
“Ready, Port, Arms”
What are the three methods used to teach Drill?
Step by step
By the numbers
What are the two parts of most drill command?
Command of execution
What is a formation?
The arrangement of elements of a unit in a prescribed manner
On the command of "Open Ranks, March" explain the actions of each squad?
First squad takes two 30 inch steps forward; second squad takes one 30 inch step forward; third squad stands fast; fourth squad takes two 15 inch steps backward.
On the command of "Close Ranks, March" explain the actions of each squad?
First squad takes four 15 inch steps backward; second squad take two backward; third squad stands fast; fourth squad takes one 30 inch step forward.
Intelligence is the product resulting from the collection, processing, integration, evaluation, analysis, and interpretation of available information concerning foreign nations, hostile or potentially hostile forces or elements, or areas of actual or potential operations.
The purpose of intelligence.
The purpose of intelligence is to support commanders and staffs in gaining situational understanding of threats, terrain and weather, and civil considerations.
All-source intelligence is the integration of intelligence and information from all relevant sources in order to analyze situations or conditions that impact operations.
CI counters or neutralizes intelligence collection efforts through collection, CI investigations, operations, analysis, production, and technical services and support.
Risk Management Definition
Risk management is the process of identifying, assessing, and controlling risks arising from operational factors and making decisions that balance risk costs with mission benefits.
Open-source intelligence is information of potential intelligence value that is available to the general public (JP 2-0). For the Army, OSINT is the discipline that pertains to intelligence produced from publicly available information that is collected, exploited, and disseminated in a timely manner to an appropriate audience for the purpose of addressing a specific intelligence requirement. OSINT operations are integral to Army intelligence operations.
Mission, Enemy, Terrain and Weather, Troops and Support Available, Time Available, Civil Considerations
Fires are the use of weapons systems to create a specific lethal or nonlethal effect on a target (Joint Publication)
Joint fires are fires delivered during the employment of forces from two or more components in coordinated action to produce desired effects in support of a common objective (JP 3-0).
The role of fires
The role of fires is to enable Army forces to seize and retain the initiative, prevent and deter conflict, defeat adaptive threats and succeed in a wide range of contingencies.
Code of conduct
I am an American, fighting in the forces which guard my country and our way of life. I am prepared to give my life in their defense.
Risk management FM and ATP
5 Steps of Risk Management
Step 1. Identify hazards.
Step 2. Assess hazards to determine risks.
Step 3. Develop controls and make risk decisions.
Step 4. Implement controls.
Step 5. Supervise and evaluate.
types of risks:
There are 2 types of risks:
1. Tactical risk
2. Accident Risk
Tactical risk is risk concerned with hazards that exist because of the presence of either the enemy or an adversary. It applies to all levels of war and across the spectrum of operations.
Accident risk includes all operational risk considerations other than tactical risk. It includes risks to the friendly force. It also includes risks posed to civilians by an operation, as well as an operations impact on the environment. It can include activities associated with hazards concerning friendly personnel, civilians, equipment readiness, and environmental conditions.
Step 1: Identifying Hazards
Conditions change quickly, consider all METT-TC involved in the operations.
Any existing or potential condition that can cause injury, illness, or death; damage to, or loss of equipment and property; or degradation of the mission.
The chance of hazards or bad con-sequences; exposure to injury or loss. The risk level is expressed in terms of hazard probability and severity.
The likeliness that an event will occur.
Likely - Occurs several times.
Occasional - occurs sporadically.
Seldom - Unlikely, but could occur.
Unlikely - Probably won't occur.
Severity is the expected result of an event (degree of injury, property damage or other mission impairing factors.
Risk Assessment is the identification and assessments of an individual hazard or all identified hazards combined to complete a task.
Residual Risk is the level of risk remaining after controls have been implemented. Controls are altered until the residual risk is at an acceptable level or until it cannot practically be further reduced.
Perform remedial action.
a. If a cartridge case is in the chamber, tap it out with a cleaning rod.
NOTE: If your rifle still fails to fire, you may have a mechanical failure.
b. Correct a mechanical malfunction.
c. Clear the rifle.
d. Disassemble the rifle.
e. Inspect for dirty, corroded, missing, or broken parts.
f. Clean dirty or corroded parts.
g. Replace missing or broken parts.
h. Assemble the rifle.
i. Perform a function check.
j. Load the rifle.
k. Fire the rifle.
a. Slap upward on the magazine to make sure it is properly seated.
b. Pull the charging handle all the way back.
c. Observe the ejection of the case or cartridge. Look into the chamber and check for obstructions.
d. Release the charging handle to feed a new round in the chamber. Do not ride the charging handle.
e. Tap the forward assist.
f. Shoot. If the rifle still does not fire, inspect it to determine the cause of the stoppage or malfunction and take appropriate remedial action.
Leadership is influencing people by providing purpose, direction, and motivation while operating to accomplish the mission and improving the organization.
What is leadership purpose?
Leadership purpose gives subordinates the reason to act in order to achieve a desired outcome.
Describe the "Be, Know and Do".
Army leadership begins with what the leader must BE, the values and attributes that shape a leader's character. Your skills are those things you KNOW how to do, your competence in everything from the technical side of your job to the people skills a leader requires. But character and knowledge while absolutely necessary are not enough. You cannot be effective, you cannot be a leader, until you apply what you know, until you act and DO what you must.
What are the three principal ways that leaders can develop others through which they provide knowledge and feedback?
A leader's effectiveness is dramatically enhanced by understanding and developing what areas?
What is military bearing?
Projecting a commanding presence, a professional image of authority.
What is physical fitness?
Having sound health, strength, and endurance, which sustain emotional health and conceptual abilities under prolonged stress.
What is confidence?
Projecting self-confidence and certainty in the unit's ability to succeed in whatever it does; able to demonstrate composure and outward calm through steady control over emotion.
What is resilience?
Showing a tendency to recover quickly from setbacks, shock, injuries, adversity, and stress while maintaining a mission and organizational focus.
What are the three levels of leadership?
Direct - Direct leadership is face-to-face, first-line leadership.
Organizational - Organizational leaders influence several hundred to several thousand people. They do this indirectly, generally through more levels of subordinates than do direct leaders.
Strategic - Strategic leaders include military and DA civilian leaders at the major command through Department of Defense levels. Strategic leaders are responsible for large organizations and influence several thousand to hundreds of thousands of people.
Attributes of an Army leader can best be defined as what an Army leader is. What are the attributes of an Army leader?
A leader of character
A leader with presence
A leader with intellectual capacity
Core leader competencies are what an Army leader does. What are the core leader competencies?
An Army leader leads
An Army leader develops
An Army leader achieves.
What are the 7 steps to problem solving?
ID the problem
Generate possible solutions
Analyze possible solutions
Compare possible solutions
Make and implement the decision
What army Regulation covers ASAP?
Will Soldiers who are command referred to ASAP be flagged?
Yes, IAW AR600-8-2 (Suspension of Favorable Personnel Action (flags)).
What Army regulation covers ACS?
What is the motto of the ACS?
Self-help, service and stability.
What is the Army Regulation that covers AER?
What are the goals of the Army Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Program?
Create a climate that minimizes sexual assault incidents, which impact Army personnel, Army civilians, and family members, and, if an incident should occur, ensure that victims and subjects are treated according to Army policy.
Create a climate that encourages victims to report incidents of sexual assault without fear.
Establish sexual assault prevention training and awareness programs to educate Soldiers.
Ensure sensitive and comprehensive treatment to restore victims’ health and well-being.
Ensure leaders understand their roles and responsibilities regarding response to sexual assault victims, thoroughly investigate allegations of sexual assault, and take appropriate administrative and disciplinary action.
Define sexual assault.
Sexual assault is a crime defined as intentional sexual contact, characterized by use of force, physical threat or abuse of authority or when the victim does not or cannot consent.
What are some of the special commemorations / ethnic observances listed in AR 600-20?
January – 3rd Monday – Martin Luther King Jr. Birthday
February – 1-28/29 - African-American/Black History Month
March – 1-31 - Women’s History Month
April/May - Sunday to Sunday for Week Incorporating Yom Hashoah - "Days of Remembrance" for Victims of the Holocaust
May – 1-31 - Asian Pacific Heritage Month
August – 26 - Women’s Equality Day
September/October - 15 Sep.-15 Oct. - Hispanic Heritage Month
November – 1-30 - National Native American Indian Heritage Month
What Army Regulation covers the EO program?
AR 600-20 chapter 6
What AR covers safety?
What Army Regulation covers the Total Army Sponsorship Program?
What are the six elements of the sponsorship program?
DA Form 5434.M
ACS Relocation Readiness Services.
What Army Regulation covers NCODP?
AR 350-1 Chap 4
What are the intelligence core competencies?
The core competencies are intelligence synchronization, intelligence operations, and intelligence analysis.
What is the intelligence enterprise?
The intelligence enterprise is the sum total of the intelligence efforts of the entire U.S. intelligence community.
What are the 4 primary means for information collection?
Shock may be caused by severe or minor trauma to the body. It usually is the result of--
Significant loss of blood.
Severe and painful blows to the body.
Severe burns of the body.
Severe wound infections.
Severe allergic reactions to drugs, foods, insect stings, and snakebites
Examine the casualty to see if he has any of the following signs/symptoms:
Sweaty but cool skin (clammy skin).
Paleness of skin.
Loss of blood (bleeding).
Confusion (or loss of awareness).
Faster-than-normal breathing rate.
Blotchy or bluish skin (especially around the mouth and lips).
Nausea and/or vomiting.
What are the principles of Fires?
What are the core competencies of Fires?
1. Air Defense Artillery.
2. Field Artillery.
What are the critical capabilities of Fires?
1. Target Acquisition.
2. Target Discrimination.
3. Target Engagement
Tactical combat casualty care (TCCC)
Tactical combat casualty care (TCCC) can be divided into three phases. The first is care under fire; the second is tactical field care; the third is combat casualty evacuation care.
Types of cold weather Injuries
Types of Heat Injury
What forms are used for the NCOER?
DA 2166-9-1A, NCO Counseling Checklist/Record
DA 2166-9-1, or (-2), or (-3) NCO Evaluation Report.
What is a rating scheme?
A rating scheme is the published rating chain of the NCO’s rating officials (rater, senior rater, and reviewer).
How many types of NCOERs are there?
There are 7:
Change of Rater
Relief for Cause
Complete the Record
60 Day Rater Option
60 Day Senior Rater Option
Temporary Duty, Special Duty or Compassionate Reassignment
What will a rating chain for an NCO consist of?
What Army Regulation prescribes the policies for completing evaluation reports that support the Evaluation Reporting System (ERS)?
What DA Pamphlet prescribes the procedures for completing evaluation reports that support the Evaluation Reporting System (ERS)?
DA Pam 623-3
What is the minimum period of time for rater qualification?
3 Rated Months
What is the minimum period of time for senior rater qualifications?
Who is the last individual to sign the NCOER?
The rated NCO
Does the rated NCOs signature mean that the rated NCO approve of the bullets / comment on the NCOER?
No, The rated Soldier’s signature will only verify the accuracy of the administrative data in Part I, to include non rated time; the rating officials in Part II; the APFT and height and weight data; and that the rated Soldier has seen the completed report.
What are the parts of the NCOER?
Part IV.Army Values/ NCO Responsibilities
Part V.Overall Performance and Potential.
What is the minimum period of time for the reviewer?
None,there is no minimum time required
What AR covers military justice?
How many articles are there in the UCMJ?
There are 146 Articles in the UCMJ.
When was the UCMJ enacted?
1950. Enacted by congress
What is a Field Grade Article 15?
An article 15 imposed by an O4 or above
What are the three classifications of article 15s?
What form is used to record Summarized Article 15 proceedings?
DA Form 2627-1
What are articles 77 through 134 of the UCMJ known as?
What are 3 types of Court martial?
Who is the highest military court?
The court of military appeals
What is one circumstance when a soldier does not have the right to refuse an Article 15 and demand trial by court martial?
When aboard a ship
What rights are given to a Soldier under Article 31?
The rights given to a Soldier under Article 31 are: the right to remain silent, the right to demand trial, and the right to an attorney.
What is the Field Manual for map reading and land navigation?
What are the basic colors of a map, and what does each color represent?
Black - Indicates cultural (man-made) features such as buildings and roads, surveyed spot elevations, and all labels.
Red-Brown - The colors red and brown are combined to identify cultural features, all relief features, non-surveyed spot elevations, and elevation, such as contour lines on red-light readable maps.
Blue - Identifies hydrography or water features such as lakes, swamps, rivers, and drainage.
Green - Identifies vegetation with military significance, such as woods, orchards, and vineyards.
Brown - Identifies all relief features and elevation, such as contours on older edition maps, and cultivated land on red-light readable maps.
Red - Classifies cultural features, such as populated areas, main roads, and boundaries, on older maps.
Other - Occasionally other colors may be used to show special information. These are indicated in the marginal information as a rule.
Where is the Legend of the map found?
Lower left margin
What are contour lines?
Imaginary lines on the ground connecting equal elevation, they represent high and low ground elevation.
What are 3 types of contour lines?
How many Mils are in one Degree?
How many Norths are there on a military map?
What must be done to a map before it can be used?
It must be oriented.
What are 5 major terrain features found on a map?
What are the 3 minor terrain features found on a military map?
What are the 2 supplementary terrain features found on a military map?
What is a map?
A map is a graphic representation of a portion of the earth’s surface drawn to scale, as seen
What is an azimuth?
A horizontal angle, measured in a clockwise manner from a north base line, expressing direction.
How many mils are there in a circle?
6400 mils in 360 degrees
Name two ways to hold a compass?
What is Back Azimuth?
The opposite direction of an azimuth.
What is the general rule for reading military grid coordinates?
Right and UP
How close will an eight-digit grid get you to your point?
When was the Code Of Conduct established?
17 august 1955 under the Eisenhower Administration
What Army Regulation covers the Code Of Conduct?
If you were to become a prisoner of war (POW), what information would you be required to give?
Date of Birth
When was the COC Amended?
How many articles are in the COC?
What does SERE stand for?
Survival, Evasion, Resistance, and Escape
What are the 5 levels of MOPP?
What does MOPP stand for?
Mission Oriented Protective Posture
When under an NBC attack, when do you give warning?
After you mask
What does C.B.R.N. stand for?
Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear
What are the 4 types of Chemical agents?
What is FM 3-7?
What are the three levels of Decontamination?
How often should you check your protective mask during peacetime?
Before, during and after training events, monthly, and semi-annually. (refer to TM 3-4240-339-10 and 20&P manuals) The minimum is MONTHLY...