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Flashcards in 28_Previous_Boards Deck (150):
1

 

What are the three phases of physical conditioning?

 

 

Preparatory

Conditioning

Maintenance

 

2

 

About how long is the preparatory phase?

 

 

2 weeks

 

3

About how long is the conditioning phase?

The conditioning phase ends when a soldier is physically mission-capable and all personal,strength-related goals and unit-fitness goals have been met.

4

What is a MFT?

Master Fitness Trainer.  A Master Fitness Trainer (MFT)is a soldier who has completed either the four-week active-component, two week reserve-component, or U.S. Military Academy’s MFT course work. Although called“masters,” MFTs are simply soldiers who know about all aspects of physical fitness training and how soldiers’ bodies function. Most importantly, since MFTs are taught to design individual and unit programs, they should be used by commanders as special staff assistants for this purpose.

5

 

What is Da Form 3349?

 

 

Physical profile form

 

6

What is the objective of physical fitness training?

To enhance soldiers’ abilities to meet the physical demands of war.

7

What are the seven basic principles of exercise?

Regularity

Progression

Overload

Balance

Specificity

Variety

Recovery

8

What is the DA form 705?

Physical Readiness Test Scorecard

9

Name the two physical fitness formations?

Extended Rectangular

Circular

10

How many scorers should be supplied for the APFT?

A minimum of 1 per every 15 soldiers

11

3 Phases of PRT

1. Initial Conditioning

2. Toughening Phase

3. Sustaining Phase

12

Conditioning Phase

establishes a safe starting point for people considering
entering the Army

13

Toughening Phase

develop foundational fitness and fundamental movement skills

14

Sustainment Phase

Continue physical development and maintain a high level of physical readiness appropriate to duty position and the requirements of the unit's C- or D-METL as it applies to ARFORGEN

15

3 Principles of PRT

precision, progression, and integration

16

3 Components of PRT

Strength, Mobility, and Endurance

17

Precision

strict adherence to optimal execution standards

18

Progression

the systematic increase in the intensity, duration, volume, and difficulty of PRT activities

19

Types of PRT Training

Off-Ground
On-Ground
Combatives

20

Qualitative Performance Factors

Agility
Balance
Coordination
Flexibility
Posture
Stability
Speed
Power

21

Phases of a PRT Session

Preperation (PD)
Activities
Recovery (RD)

22

What are the three marching steps used in drill?

15in step

30in step

30in step, DOUBLE TIME 180 steps per minute

23

What FM covers Drill and Ceremony?

FM 3-21.5

24

What are two prescribed formations for platoons?

line

column

25

What is the primary purpose of drill (drill and ceremony)?

The purpose of drill is to enable a commander or non-commissioned officer to move his unit from one place to another in an orderly manner; to aid in disciplinary training by instilling habits of precision and response to the leader’s orders;and to provide for the development of all soldiers in the practice of commandingtroops.

26

What is the only command given from "Inspection Arms"?

“Ready, Port, Arms”

27

What are the three methods used to teach Drill?

Step by step

By the numbers

Talk-through method

28

What are the two parts of most drill command?

Preparatory command

Command of execution

29

What is a formation?

The arrangement of elements of a unit in a prescribed manner

30

On the command of "Open Ranks, March" explain the actions of each squad?

First squad takes two 30 inch steps forward; second squad takes one 30 inch step forward; third squad stands fast; fourth squad takes two 15 inch steps backward.

31

On the command of "Close Ranks, March" explain the actions of each squad?

First squad takes four 15 inch steps backward; second squad take two backward; third squad stands fast; fourth squad takes one 30 inch step forward.

32

Intelligence definition

Intelligence is the product resulting from the collection, processing, integration, evaluation, analysis, and interpretation of available information concerning foreign nations, hostile or potentially hostile forces or elements, or areas of actual or potential operations.

33

Intelligence

ADRP 2-0

34

The purpose of intelligence.

The purpose of intelligence is to support commanders and staffs in gaining situational understanding of threats, terrain and weather, and civil considerations.

35

 All-source intelligence

 All-source intelligence is the integration of intelligence and information from all relevant sources in order to analyze situations or conditions that impact operations.

36

Counterintelligence

CI counters or neutralizes intelligence collection efforts through collection, CI investigations, operations, analysis, production, and technical services and support.

37

Risk Management Definition

Risk management is the process of identifying, assessing, and controlling risks arising from operational factors and making decisions that balance risk costs with mission benefits.

38

Open-Source Intelligence

 Open-source intelligence is information of potential intelligence value that is available to the general public (JP 2-0). For the Army, OSINT is the discipline that pertains to intelligence produced from publicly available information that is collected, exploited, and disseminated in a timely manner to an appropriate audience for the purpose of addressing a specific intelligence requirement. OSINT operations are integral to Army intelligence operations.

39

METT-TC

Mission, Enemy, Terrain and Weather, Troops and Support Available, Time Available, Civil Considerations

40

Fires

Fires are the use of weapons systems to create a specific lethal or nonlethal effect on a target (Joint Publication)

41

Joint fires

Joint fires are fires delivered during the employment of forces from two or more components in coordinated action to produce desired effects in support of a common objective (JP 3-0).

42

The role of fires

The role of fires is to enable Army forces to seize and retain the initiative, prevent and deter conflict, defeat adaptive threats and succeed in a wide range of contingencies.

43

Article 1 

Code of conduct

 

I am an American, fighting in the forces which guard my country and our way of life. I am prepared to give my life in their defense.

44

Risk management FM and ATP

FM 100-14

ATP 5-19

45

5 Steps of Risk Management

Step 1. Identify hazards.

Step 2. Assess hazards to determine risks.

Step 3. Develop controls and make risk decisions.

Step 4. Implement controls.

Step 5. Supervise and evaluate.

46

types of risks:

There are 2 types of risks:

1. Tactical risk

2. Accident Risk

47

Tactical Risk

Tactical risk is risk concerned with hazards that exist because of the presence of either the enemy or an adversary. It applies to all levels of war and across the spectrum of operations.

48

Accident Risk

Accident risk includes all operational risk considerations other than tactical risk. It includes risks to the friendly force. It also includes risks posed to civilians by an operation, as well as an operations impact on the environment. It can include activities associated with hazards concerning friendly personnel, civilians, equipment readiness, and environmental conditions.

49

Step 1: Identifying Hazards

Conditions change quickly, consider all METT-TC involved in the operations.

50

Hazards

Any existing or potential condition that can cause injury, illness, or death; damage to, or loss of equipment and property; or degradation of the mission.

51

Risk

The chance of hazards or bad con-sequences; exposure to injury or loss. The risk level is expressed in terms of hazard probability and severity.

52

Probability

The likeliness that an event will occur.

Frequent-occurs often.

Likely - Occurs several times.

Occasional - occurs sporadically.

Seldom - Unlikely, but could occur.

Unlikely - Probably won't occur.

53

Severity

Severity is the expected result of an event (degree of injury, property damage or other mission impairing factors.

Catastrophic

Critical

Marginal

Negligible

54

Risk Assessment

Risk Assessment is the identification and assessments of an individual hazard or all identified hazards combined to complete a task.

55

Residual Risk

Residual Risk is the level of risk remaining after controls have been implemented. Controls are altered until the residual risk is at an acceptable level or until it cannot practically be further reduced.

56

Perform remedial action.

a. If a cartridge case is in the chamber, tap it out with a cleaning rod.

NOTE: If your rifle still fails to fire, you may have a mechanical failure.



b. Correct a mechanical malfunction.

c. Clear the rifle.

d. Disassemble the rifle.

e. Inspect for dirty, corroded, missing, or broken parts.

f. Clean dirty or corroded parts.

g. Replace missing or broken parts.

h. Assemble the rifle.

i. Perform a function check.

j. Load the rifle.

k. Fire the rifle.

57

S-P-O-R-T-S.

(immediate action)

a. Slap upward on the magazine to make sure it is properly seated.

b. Pull the charging handle all the way back.

c. Observe the ejection of the case or cartridge. Look into the chamber and check for obstructions.

d. Release the charging handle to feed a new round in the chamber. Do not ride the charging handle.

e. Tap the forward assist.

f. Shoot. If the rifle still does not fire, inspect it to determine the cause of the stoppage or malfunction and take appropriate remedial action.

58

Define Leadership.

Leadership is influencing people by providing purpose, direction, and motivation while operating to accomplish the mission and improving the organization.

59

What is leadership purpose?

Leadership purpose gives subordinates the reason to act in order to achieve a desired outcome.

60

Describe the "Be, Know and Do".

Army leadership begins with what the leader must BE, the values and attributes that shape a leader's character. Your skills are those things you KNOW how to do, your competence in everything from the technical side of your job to the people skills a leader requires. But character and knowledge while absolutely necessary are not enough. You cannot be effective, you cannot be a leader, until you apply what you know, until you act and DO what you must.

61

What are the three principal ways that leaders can develop others through which they provide knowledge and feedback?

Counseling

Coaching

Mentoring

62

A leader's effectiveness is dramatically enhanced by understanding and developing what areas?

Military Bearing

Physical Fitness

Confidence

Resilience

63

What is military bearing?

Projecting a commanding presence, a professional image of authority.

64

What is physical fitness?

Having sound health, strength, and endurance, which sustain emotional health and conceptual abilities under prolonged stress.

65

What is confidence?

Projecting self-confidence and certainty in the unit's ability to succeed in whatever it does; able to demonstrate composure and outward calm through steady control over emotion.

66

What is resilience?

Showing a tendency to recover quickly from setbacks, shock, injuries, adversity, and stress while maintaining a mission and organizational focus.

67

What are the three levels of leadership?

Direct - Direct leadership is face-to-face, first-line leadership.

Organizational - Organizational leaders influence several hundred to several thousand people. They do this indirectly, generally through more levels of subordinates than do direct leaders.

Strategic - Strategic leaders include military and DA civilian leaders at the major command through Department of Defense levels. Strategic leaders are responsible for large organizations and influence several thousand to hundreds of thousands of people.

68

Attributes of an Army leader can best be defined as what an Army leader is. What are the attributes of an Army leader?

A leader of character

A leader with presence

A leader with intellectual capacity

69

Core leader competencies are what an Army leader does. What are the core leader competencies?

An Army leader leads

An Army leader develops

An Army leader achieves.

70

What are the 7 steps to problem solving?

ID the problem

Gather information

Develop criteria

Generate possible solutions

Analyze possible solutions

Compare possible solutions

Make and implement the decision

71

What army Regulation covers ASAP?

AR 600-85

72

Will Soldiers who are command referred to ASAP be flagged?

Yes, IAW AR600-8-2 (Suspension of Favorable Personnel Action (flags)).

73

What Army regulation covers ACS?

 

AR 608-1

74

What is the motto of the ACS?

Self-help, service and stability.

75

What is the Army Regulation that covers AER?

AR 930-4

76

What are the goals of the Army Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Program?

Create a climate that minimizes sexual assault incidents, which impact Army personnel, Army civilians, and family members, and, if an incident should occur, ensure that victims and subjects are treated according to Army policy.

Create a climate that encourages victims to report incidents of sexual assault without fear.

Establish sexual assault prevention training and awareness programs to educate Soldiers.

Ensure sensitive and comprehensive treatment to restore victims’ health and well-being.

Ensure leaders understand their roles and responsibilities regarding response to sexual assault victims, thoroughly investigate allegations of sexual assault, and take appropriate administrative and disciplinary action.

77

Define sexual assault.

Sexual assault is a crime defined as intentional sexual contact, characterized by use of force, physical threat or abuse of authority or when the victim does not or cannot consent.

78

What are some of the special commemorations / ethnic observances listed in AR 600-20?

January – 3rd Monday – Martin Luther King Jr. Birthday

February – 1-28/29 - African-American/Black History Month

March – 1-31 - Women’s History Month

April/May - Sunday to Sunday for Week Incorporating Yom Hashoah - "Days of Remembrance" for Victims of the Holocaust

May – 1-31 - Asian Pacific Heritage Month

August – 26 - Women’s Equality Day

September/October - 15 Sep.-15 Oct. - Hispanic Heritage Month

November – 1-30 - National Native American Indian Heritage Month

79

What Army Regulation covers the EO program?

AR 600-20 chapter 6

80

What AR covers safety?

AR 385-10

81

What Army Regulation covers the Total Army Sponsorship Program?

AR 600-8-8

82

What are the six elements of the sponsorship program?

DA Form 5434.M

Welcome letter.

ACS Relocation Readiness Services.

Reception.

Orientation.

Inprocessing.

83

What Army Regulation covers NCODP?

AR 350-1 Chap 4

84

What are the intelligence core competencies?

The core competencies are intelligence synchronization, intelligence operations, and intelligence analysis.

85

What is the intelligence enterprise?

The intelligence enterprise is the sum total of the intelligence efforts of the entire U.S. intelligence community.

86

What are the 4 primary means for information collection?

Intelligence operations.
Reconnaissance.
Surveillance.
Security operations.

87

Shock may be caused by severe or minor trauma to the body. It usually is the result of--

Significant loss of blood.

Heart failure.

Dehydration.

Severe and painful blows to the body.

Severe burns of the body.

Severe wound infections.

Severe allergic reactions to drugs, foods, insect stings, and snakebites

88

Examine the casualty to see if he has any of the following signs/symptoms:

Sweaty but cool skin (clammy skin).

Paleness of skin.

Restlessness, nervousness.

Thirst.

Loss of blood (bleeding).

Confusion (or loss of awareness).

Faster-than-normal breathing rate.

Blotchy or bluish skin (especially around the mouth and lips).

Nausea and/or vomiting.

89

What are the principles of Fires?

1. Precision.
2. Scalable.
3. Synchronized.
4. Responsive.
5. Networked.

90

What are the core competencies of Fires?

1. Air Defense Artillery.
2. Field Artillery.

91

What are the critical capabilities of Fires?

1. Target Acquisition.
2. Target Discrimination.
3. Target Engagement

92

Tactical combat casualty care (TCCC)

Tactical combat casualty care (TCCC) can be divided into three phases. The first is care under fire; the second is tactical field care; the third is combat casualty evacuation care.

93

Types of cold weather Injuries

Chilblain

Immersion syndrome

Frostbite

Snowblindness

Dehydration

Hypothermia

94

Types of Heat Injury

Heat Cramps

Heat Exhaustion

Heat Stroke

95

 

What forms are used for the NCOER?

 

 

DA 2166-9-1A, NCO Counseling Checklist/Record

DA 2166-9-1, or (-2), or (-3) NCO Evaluation Report.

 

96

What is a rating scheme?

A rating scheme is the published rating chain of the NCO’s rating officials (rater, senior rater, and reviewer).

97

How many types of NCOERs are there?

There are 7:

Annual

Change of Rater

Relief for Cause

Complete the Record

60 Day Rater Option

60 Day Senior Rater Option

Temporary Duty, Special Duty or Compassionate Reassignment

98

What will a rating chain for an NCO consist of?

Rated NCO

Rater

Senior Rater

Reviewer

99

What Army Regulation prescribes the policies for completing evaluation reports that support the Evaluation Reporting System (ERS)?

AR 623-3

100

What DA Pamphlet prescribes the procedures for completing evaluation reports that support the Evaluation Reporting System (ERS)?

DA Pam 623-3

101

What is the minimum period of time for rater qualification?

3 Rated Months

102

What is the minimum period of time for senior rater qualifications?

2 months

103

Who is the last individual to sign the NCOER?

The rated NCO

104

Does the rated NCOs signature mean that the rated NCO approve of the bullets / comment on the NCOER?

No, The rated Soldier’s signature will only verify the accuracy of the administrative data in Part I, to include non rated time; the rating officials in Part II; the APFT and height and weight data; and that the rated Soldier has seen the completed report.

105

What are the parts of the NCOER?

PartI.Administrative Data

PartII.Authentication

PartIII.Duty Description

Part IV.Army Values/ NCO Responsibilities

Part V.Overall Performance and Potential.

106

What is the minimum period of time for the reviewer?

None,there is no minimum time required

107

What AR covers military justice?

AR 27-10

108

How many articles are there in the UCMJ?

There are 146 Articles in the UCMJ. 

109

When was the UCMJ enacted?

1950. Enacted by congress

110

What is a Field Grade Article 15?

An article 15 imposed by an O4 or above

111

What are the three classifications of article 15s?

Summarized

Company grade

Field grade

112

What form is used to record Summarized Article 15 proceedings?

DA Form 2627-1

113

What are articles 77 through 134 of the UCMJ known as?

Punitive Articles

114

What are 3 types of Court martial?

Summary

Special

General

115

Who is the highest military court?

The court of military appeals

116

What is one circumstance when a soldier does not have the right to refuse an Article 15 and demand trial by court martial?

When aboard a ship

117

What rights are given to a Soldier under Article 31?

The rights given to a Soldier under Article 31 are:  the right to remain silent, the right to demand trial, and the right to an attorney.

118

What is the Field Manual for map reading and land navigation?

FM 3-25.26

119

What are the basic colors of a map, and what does each color represent?

Black - Indicates cultural (man-made) features such as buildings and roads, surveyed spot elevations, and all labels.

Red-Brown - The colors red and brown are combined to identify cultural features, all relief features, non-surveyed spot elevations, and elevation, such as contour lines on red-light readable maps.

Blue - Identifies hydrography or water features such as lakes, swamps, rivers, and drainage.

Green - Identifies vegetation with military significance, such as woods, orchards, and vineyards.

Brown - Identifies all relief features and elevation, such as contours on older edition maps, and cultivated land on red-light readable maps.

Red - Classifies cultural features, such as populated areas, main roads, and boundaries, on older maps.

Other - Occasionally other colors may be used to show special information. These are indicated in the marginal information as a rule.

120

Where is the Legend of the map found?

Lower left margin

121

What are contour lines?

Imaginary lines on the ground connecting equal elevation, they represent high and low ground elevation.

122

What are 3 types of contour lines?

Index

Intermediate

Supplementary

123

How many Mils are in one Degree?

17.7 mils

124

How many Norths are there on a military map?

Three:

True north

Magnetic north

Grid north

125

What must be done to a map before it can be used?

It must be oriented.

126

What are 5 major terrain features found on a map?

Hill

Ridge

Valley

Saddle

Depression

127

What are the 3 minor terrain features found on a military map?

Draw

Spur

Cliff

128

What are the 2 supplementary terrain features found on a military map?

Cut

Fill

129

What is a map?

A map is a graphic representation of a portion of the earth’s surface drawn to scale, as seen
from above.

130

What is an azimuth?

A horizontal angle, measured in a clockwise manner from a north base line, expressing direction.

131

How many mils are there in a circle?

6400 mils in 360 degrees

132

Name two ways to hold a compass?

Compass-to-Cheek Method

Center-Hold Method

133

What is Back Azimuth?

The opposite direction of an azimuth.

134

What is the general rule for reading military grid coordinates?

Right and UP

135

How close will an eight-digit grid get you to your point?

10 meters

136

When was the Code Of Conduct established?

17 august 1955 under the Eisenhower Administration

137

What Army Regulation covers the Code Of Conduct?

AR 350-30

138

If you were to become a prisoner of war (POW), what information would you be required to give?

Name, Rank

Service Number

Date of Birth

139

When was the COC Amended?

May 1988

140

How many articles are in the COC?

6

141

What does SERE stand for?

Survival, Evasion, Resistance, and Escape

142

What are the 5 levels of MOPP?

A image thumb
143

What does MOPP stand for?

Mission Oriented Protective Posture

144

When under an NBC attack, when do you give warning?

After you mask

145

What does C.B.R.N. stand for?

Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear

146

What are the 4 types of Chemical agents?

Nerve

Blister

Blood

Choking

147

What is FM 3-7?

 

NBC Handbook

148

What are the three levels of Decontamination?

Immediate

Operational

Thorough

149

How often should you check your protective mask during peacetime?

Before, during and after training events, monthly, and semi-annually.  (refer to TM 3-4240-339-10 and 20&P manuals)  The minimum is MONTHLY...

150