2.forensic science and crime investigation Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 2.forensic science and crime investigation Deck (35)
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1

define forensic science

forensic science is the use of scientific methods and evidence in support of a legal debate

2

define criminalistics

criminalistics means the scientific study and evaluation of physical evidence in the commission of crimes

3

is criminalistics really used in the uk if no why not?

no, narrow focus

4

whats the forensic process?

1. the crime scene
2. identification and retrieval of physical evidence
3. forensic analysis and interpretation
4. evaluating
5. expert witness report
6. cross examination in court
7. control and continuity of evidence

5

whats biometrics?

fingerprints, DNA profiling

6

whats Forensic entomology

insects

7

whats Forensic toxicology:

poisons,
analysis and effects

8

whats Forensic anthropology:

identification from skeletal remains

9

whats Forensic engineering:

building structures, failure and cause

10

Police service organised on a regional basis under a _____ __________

chief constable

11

whats were CSE's and CSI's previously called?

scene of crime officers

12

who manages scene of crime officers?

scientific support manager

13

who does the scientific support manager respond to ?

Senior Investigating Officer

14

management of crime scene summary

1.Senior Investigating Officer
2.scientific support manager
3. crime scene coordinator
4. crime scene manager
5. crime scene examiners

15

define a crime scene

defined location or person where physical evidence may be found

16

who may work at a crime scene?

CSEs including the Crime Scene Manager (often a senior CSE)
• Photographers
• Medical personnel
• Fire investigators
• Bomb-disposal personnel

17

what do crime scene management and investigation do?

Control and record the crime scene; collect and process evidence; photography, liaise with others; prepare reports.

18

what do Forensic submissions do ?

coordination of scientific evidence

19

what do Fingerprint bureau do ?

Responsible for the classification, matching and identification of fingerprints to individuals

20

what do Forensic recovery do?

Responsible for enhancing fingerprints obtained at the crime scene; laboratory work, lighting; responsible for quality control at the scene

21

what do Footwear recovery do?

recover footwear marks

22

what does the digital crime lab do?

looks hardware and systems found at crime scene

23

whos responsible for training police forensics personnel?

College of Policing Forensic Centre

24

what does the First Officer Attending do at a crime scene?

• Initial assessment
• Preserve the scene
• Call for assistance
• Record-keeping and communicating • Dealing with injured and the public
• Dealing with witnesses/ suspects

25

what used to record the crime scene?

Photography
 Video
 Sketches(toincludeevidence)
 Audiorecording
 Writtennotes
 Should include named personnel

26

who's responsible fro recovering evidence?

CSE'S

27

whats used to recover evidence?

-special lighting
-gel lifters for finger pritns
-good packaging and labels

28

what to do to stop contamination?

follow common approach path
wear protective clothing
must have effect managing

29

what to do to stop contamination between crime scenes?

Assigndistinctteamstoeachscene(matrixapproach)  Ensure all individual duties are fully documented

30

whats the Sarah Payne case?

girl missing July 2000
body found 2 weeks later