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Flashcards in 3. Evidence + Evaluation Deck (12)
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1

What does physical evidence do ?

Confirms a crime as happened
Provides leads
Links individual to scrne
Identify suspect
Induce confessions
Exonerate innocent
Provide expert testimony

2

What are the four actions when dealing with evidence ?

Idenitfy
Compare
Classify
Individualise

3

What question is asked with identify ?

What is it ?

4

How do you compare ?

Subject the evidence and control to the same test

Ie fingerprints or dna profiles

5

Whats class characteristics ?

In between generic identificstion and establishing individual characteristics
When combined with further evidence

Ie - blood gorup, colour of fibre

6

What was the mark kempster case ?

Ear prints
2001
Convicted of burglary
Appealed successfully in 2008
Ear print can change depending on pressure

7

Whats a paradigm ?

Map of conceptual frame work which guides then practice of the profession

8

What are the six basic principles and practixe of forensic science ?

Divisible matter
transfer
identification
Classification and individualisation
Association
Reconstruction

9

Talk about england 1984 case study

Burglaries took place leading eventually to rape
Assealant was left-handed had a northern accent wore mask

One time cut mask from overalls
Hid car im field
Raped women
Tied up husband
Took bed sheet

Evidence found was

yellow paint on tree
Glove
Bed sheet
Mask
Shot gun under leaves

Out come
Paint chip lead to car found
Malcolm fairley kown criminal with yellow car
Search flat found evidence

Confessed

10

What can insividual charscteristics be acquired by

Bullets, tool marks, shoe prints, fingerprints , dna

11

How many traits needed for evidence to become individualised ?

Bullet stritations - 8, or 2 gorups of 5.
Handwriting- sufficeint number of unique characters
Fingerprints - 8-20 points second kevel detail -3 experts in uk

12

What is reconstruction ?

Ordering events in relative soace and tome based on physical evidence