2MBChB Rheumatology + Orthopaedics Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 2MBChB Rheumatology + Orthopaedics Deck (32)
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1

Most common bone tumour?

Osteosarcoma

2

A painful arc suggests damage to which rotator cuff muscle?

Supraspinatus

3

Nerve supply to trapezius?

Spinal accessory nerve

4

What is used to treat shaft of femur fractures?

Thomas splint

5

Which biologic causes reactivation of latent TB?

Infliximab

6

Tingling in ring + pinky finger suggests what?

Cubital tunnel syndrome

7

What is 1st line treatment of necrotising fasciitis?

Surgical debridement

8

Which rheumatoid drug causes black, tarry stool?

NSAID

9

Which rheumatoid drugs are nephrotoxic?

Gold
Penicilliamine

10

Visual loss, mouth and genital ulcers suggests what disease? In a Turkish guy perhaps?

Behcet's syndrome

11

Which fracture typically produces a dinner fork deformity?

Colles fracture

12

Which structures may be damaged in Colles fracture?

Median nerve
Extensor pollicis longus
Carpal bones

13

Which fingers feel 'funny' in carpal tunnel syndrome?

Thumb
Index finger
Middle finger
Half of ring finger

14

How many XRAY views are taken for scaphoid fracture?

Two obliques
AP
Lateral

15

A patient presents with bone pain, deformity and deafness. What's the likely differential?

Paget's disease

16

Side effects of methotrexate?

Bone marrow suppression
Liver cirrhosis
Pneumonitis
Contraindicated in pregnancy

17

Side effects of sulfasalazine?

Rash
Oligospermia

18

Side effects of hydroxychloroquine?

Retinopathy
Corneal deposits

19

Side effects of prednisolone?

Cushing's syndrome
Osteoporosis
Impaired glucose tolerance
Cataracts

20

Side effect of gold and penicillamine?

Proteinuria/nephropathy

21

Pencil in cup XR

Psoriatic arthritis

22

Wrist drop

Radial nerve palsy

23

Arthritis + uveitis + urethritis

Reiter's syndrome

24

Foot drop

Common fibular/peroneal nerve

25

Intracapsular hip fracture Rx

Hemiarthroplasty

26

Sagging rope sign

AVN

27

Onion-peel sign

Ewing sarcoma

28

Sunray spiculation

Osteosarcoma

29

Popcorn calcification

Chondrosarcoma

30

Soap bubble XR

Giant cell tumour