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Flashcards in 2nd test Deck (54)
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1

What are the three different drug names

  1.  chemical name
  2. approved name
  3. licensed, brand, trade or properietary name

2

What is the use of the chemical name on prescriptions?

Rarely used

3

What is the use of the approved name in prescriptions and give examples that describes what approved name is

it is used for prescribing official and prepared medicines

 

ex. British approved names (BAN)

United states approved names (USAN)

international non-proprietary names (rINN)

4

What is the use of licensed, brand, trade or proprietary name?

used for prescribing authorised medicines

5

Who gives the approved names?

Pharmacopoeia comission

6

Who gives the licensed, bran, trade or proprietary name?

manufacturers, can differ from the chemical name

7

Schedule 2 +3 drugs

How should it be written?

should be written indelible and the signature must be in ink or electronic

8

schedule 2 and 3 drugs

list 7 points of information that must be included in the prescription

  • Name and address of the owner
  • date on which the prescription was signes
  • name, form and strength of the preparation
  • total quantity of the number of dosage units in both words and figures
  • dose to be administered
  • prescriber's signature, qualification and RCVS registration number
  • animal or herd under the vet's care

9

Schdule 2+3 drugs

What are the rules concerning the signature

For how long is the prescription valid

and the rules about repeats

Signature: no latinisation or abbreviation

The prescription is valid for 28 days

Repeat presriptions are not permitted

10

What must the label include of dispensed veterinary medicines

  • name + address of the owner and veterinarian
  • date of dispensing
  • "for external use only" if only for topical use
  • the relecant withdrawal period
  • for what animals it should not be given too, due to drugs: aspirin
  • "for animal treatment only" unless the container or package is too small
  • "keep out of reach for children"

11

What is MFS?

medicated feeding stuff prescriptions

12

Who does the regulation of MFS apply to?

anyone who incorporates a medicated product of any description in an animal feeding stuff

13

Who does the MFS not affect?

companion animal owner administering a medical product mixed in the feed

or

farmer "top dressing" feed or medicating via the drinking water

14

What does the regulations (MFS) require from the manufacturers and distributors who adds medicines to feed?

it requires them to register with the royal pharmaceutical society of great britain (RPSGB) 

or

the Department of Agriculture and Rural development for Northern Ireland (DARD for NI)

15

How many copies of MFS prescriptions are required?

Three copies

The compounder

the farmer

the veterinarian

16

How long is a MFS prescription valid?

3 months or shorter if indicated in the prescription

17

When and by who can medicines be incorporated into the feed?

by an appropriately registered person, if the product has a relevant product license or and animal test certificate

18

All the MFS should follow a specified format, what is needed?

  • the name and address of the person prescribing the product
  • the qualifications enabling the person to prescribe the product
  • the anem and address of the keeper of the animals to be treated
  • the species of animal, identification and muber of the animals
  • the premises at which the animal is kept if this is different from the address of the keeper
  • the date of the prescription
  • the signature or other authentication of the person prescribing the product
  • the name and amount of the product prescribed
  • the dosage and administration instructions
  • any necessary warnings
  • WP
  • the manufacturer or the distributor of the feedingstuffs
  • if the validity exceeds one month, a statement that not more than 31 days' supply may be provided at any time
  • the name, type and quantity of feedingstuff to be used
  • the inclusion rate of the veterinary medicinal product and the resulting inclusion rate of the active substance
  • any special instructions
  • the percentage of the prescribed feedingsstuffs to be added to the daily ration
  • if it is prescribed under the cascade, a statement to that effect

19

What is meant when the dosage is divided?

the average of one dose is put into one unit (capsule)

20

What is meant when the dose is non-divided

one unit, the dosage is often a tablespoon or a handfull

21

What is needed in powders for external use?

the active substance: antibiotics, antiseptic

and

a binder: talcum, zinc oxide

22

What are the categories for powders for internal use?

  • water soulble powder
  • powder for in-feed use
  • powder for oral solution and suspension
  • for direct administration

23

What is the composition of powders for internal use?

Active substance

binder: lactose, sorbit, glucose, bran flour, cereal flour, starch, rice

24

What is meant by dividation?

divide in dose aequales No

less precise, quicker

25

What is meant by dispensation

dentur tales doses No

more precise, slower

26

What is the usage of granules?

Farm animals: mixed in feed or drinking water

Small animlas, human: for solution or mixed in feed

27

What is the composition of granules?

active substance

Binder: saccharose, lactose

Adhesive: purified water, ethanol, methylcellulose

Coating: if needed

28

What are the advantages of granules?

either the release can be quick, with fast decomposition

or/and

later release with a drug of another peak concentration, which will not decompose for hours after dosing

 

less frequent readministration

29

What is a medicated premix used for?

it is used for preparing medicated feeding stuff

30

What are some feed supplements?

microelements, vitamins, prebiotic