3 Cardiovascular: Anti-hypertensive Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 3 Cardiovascular: Anti-hypertensive Deck (12):
1

What is the formula for blood pressure?

Cardiac output X SVR

2

What is the expanded formula for blood pressure?

HR X SV X SVR

3

First line of drug for essential hypertension

JNC7 - HCTZ
JNC8- any but low dose

4

Hypertension with comirbid CHF/DM

SE: cough; angioedema
CI: bilateral RAS

Captopril

5

Used in ACE-inhibitor intolerance

Angiotensin receptor blocker (losartan)

6

Hypertension with comorbid BPH

Prazosin

7

Pre-eclampsia (maintenance medication)

SE: hemolytic anemia (positive coombs test)

Methyldopa

8

Pre-eclampsia (acute BP lowering)

SE: reflex tachycardia; drug-induced lupus

Hydralazine

9

Hypertensive emergency

SE: hypertrichosis

Minoxidil

10

Hypertensive emergency

SE: cyanide poisoning

Nitroprusside

11

Which part of the ETC is affected by cyanide?

Complex IV (cytochrome oxidase)

12

What is the antidote for cyanide poisoning?

Inhaled amyl nitrite
IV sodium nitrite
IV sodium thiosulfate