30 most common Flashcards Preview

Oral Medicine > 30 most common > Flashcards

Flashcards in 30 most common Deck (20)
Loading flashcards...
1

Leukoplakia: What are the 4 types?

Hyperkeratosis, dysplasia, carcinoma-in-situ, SCC

2

White lesion that can be scraped off

Pseudomembranous candidiasis, materia alba, white coated tongue, burn, toothpaste or mouthwash overdose

3

White coated tongue tx

Tongue scraping or brushing

4

Candidiasis tx

Nystatin (mycostatin) or Clotrimazole (mycelex)

5

Oral Hair leukoplakia

EBV
Lateral tongue and buccal mucosa usually indicates a hypersensitivity rxn

6

Lichen Planus clinical category? Two forms?

Desquamative gingivitis. No tx needed. Reticular and erosive.

Tx with steroids. Temovate, decadron or lidex

7

Tori M V F

Mandibular more common in MAN

8

TUGSE

Traumatic ulcerative granulate with stromal eosinophilia

Non healing and hard on palpation.

9

Inflammation

Traumatic ulcer, TUGSE, abscess, pericornitis

10

Fibroma

Most common benign neoplasm of oral cavity. Buccal mucosa, labial mucosa, tongue, gingiva

11

Hemangioma

Benign proliferation of blood vessels. Blanch with glass slide. SturgeWeber Angiomatosis.

Tx removal, observation or sclerotherapy

Hematoma is accumulation of blood secondary to trauma. Looks similar but is not raised.

12

Recurrent aphthous ulcer

Non-keratinized moveable mucosa. 1-2 lesions .5 -1 cm.

Tx steroids and abx. Temovate and decadron

Dx by location, size and number

13

Papilloma

Surgical excision. Verruca vulgaris, condyloma, focal epithelial hyperplasia, sinonasal papilloma

14

Papillary hyperplasia

Pebbly surface under denture. Surgical excision then reline or remake denture.

15

Herpes

Initially: acute herpetic gingivostomatitis Recurrent: Labialis, intraoral, whitlow etc.

Tx: acyclovir ointment or capsules

16

Mucocele

Excision with underlying gland as well. Ranula on the floor of the mouth.

17

Angular cheilitis

Tx with mycolog II. dx by culture, cytology and clinical

18

Tobacco pouch

Can lead to verrucous ca or dysplasia.

19

Median rhomboid glossitis

Tx with brushing of tongue and antifungals

20

Smooth red tongue

Pernicious anemia, avitaminosis, medications. Burning and pain.

Stop cause for tx