3000 ch9 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 3000 ch9 Deck (76):
1

patrician

贵族,名门望族
aristocrat, noble, blue blood

2

patronize

赞助
advocate, back, champion, endorse, support, uphold
v. 以高人一等的态度对待

3

paunchy

大腹便便,大肚子的
corpulent, fat, potbellied

4

peck

大量
abundance, bunch, bundle, dozen, mass, mountain, much, multiplicity, myriad, pile, plenitude, profusion,
ton, volume, wealth

5

pedagogue

教育者,老师:
educator, instructor, preceptor, teacher

6

pedant

书呆子,墨守成规之人
doctrinaire, dogmatist

7

predestine

预先注定
doom, fate, foredoom, foreordain, ordain

8

pedestrian

行人:
footer, walker

9

peep

一瞥
gander, glance, glimpse, peek

10

pejorative

轻蔑的,贬低的
belittling, contemptuous, degrading, deprecatory, depreciative

11

pellucid

透明的
crystal, crystalline, limpid, liquid, lucent, transparent

12

pen

关押,监禁

13

penitent

悔过
apologetic, compunctious, regretful

14

penury

贫穷
destitution, impecuniosity, impoverishment, indigence
吝啬,节俭:

15

perambulate

徒步穿越,走过
amble, cross, go, navigate

16

peremptory

不容反抗的
compulsory, forced, imperative, incumbent, involuntary, obligatory
傲慢的

17

perfervid

非常热情的

18

perfidy

不忠,背信弃义:

19

perforate

打孔,穿透:

20

perimeter

边界,界限
borderline, bound, boundary, circumference, confines, edge, frame

21

peripatetic

l巡游的,四处游历
ambulant, errant, nomadic, perambulatory, peregrine

22

perish

死亡,消亡:

23

permanent

永恒的

ceaseless, dateless, deathless, endless, eternal, immortal, perpetual, undying

24

peroration

(演讲的)结束语:
coda, conclusion, denouement, epilogue,

25

perpetual

永恒的,不断的
ceaseless, dateless, deathless, endless, eternal, immortal, perpetual

26

persecute

迫害,折磨
agonize, anguish, curse, excruciate, harrow,

27

persiflage

打趣
backchat, badinage, chaff, jesting, joshing, raillery

28

perspicacious

极敏锐的,有洞察力的:

29

perspicuity

清晰明了:
clarity, clearness, explicitness, lucidity, lucidness, perspicuousness

30

pertain

有关联
appertain, bear, concern, refer, relate

31

pertinacious

顽固的,固执地坚持的
adamant, headstrong, implacable, inflexible

32

pertinent

相关的,恰当的
applicable, apposite, apropos, germane

33

perturb

扰乱,使烦躁不安
agitate, ail, bother, discomfort, discompose, distress, unsettle, upset

34

peruse

细读:
examine, scrutinize

35

pervade

弥漫,充满

36

pessimistic

悲观的
bearish, defeatist, despairing, downbeat, hopeless

37

petition

请愿,正式的申请

38

petrify

使僵化,失去活力
damp, dampen, deaden, devitalize, enervate

39

petty

细微的,不重要的
inconsequential, inconsiderable, insignificant, measly

40

phenomenal

不寻常的,非凡的
especial, exceptional, extraordinary, peculiar, preternatural

41

philistine

n. 市侩(注重物质而鄙视智慧或艺术的人):
lowbrow, materialist

42

phlegmatic

冷静的,无感情的,淡漠的
affectless, apathetic, cold-blooded, emotionless

43

piddling

微不足道的

44

piebald

杂色的
blotched, dappled, marbled, mottled, splotched

45

pigment

颜料
colorant, dye, stain

46

pilfer

偷窃
appropriate, filch, hook, lift, pinch, purloin, steal, thieve

47

pillar

柱子
column, pier, pilaster

48

pillory

被示众嘲弄
abase, debase, degrade, denounce, humiliate, ridicule

49

pilot

领航员,飞行员
aviator, bellwether, captain, guide, helmsman, leader

50

pine

渴望,奢望
ache, crave, dream, hunger, itch, long, lust, repine, thirst, yearn

51

pinnacle

顶峰
acme, apex, climax, culmination, meridian, peak, summit:

52

pinpoint

非常精确的
accurate, close, delicate, exact, fine, hairline, mathematical, precise

53

piquant

辛辣开胃的

54

pique

使愤怒
aggravate, annoy, exasperate, infuriate, irritate, peeve, provoke, rile, roil
激起,刺激
arouse, encourage, excite, fire, impassion, incite

55

pithy

精练的,简洁的
apothegmatic, brief, capsule, compact, compendious, concise

56

pitiless

没有同情心
affectless, callous, coldhearted, cruel, harsh

57

pittance

少量津贴
bit, mite, modicum, peanuts, trace

58

placate

(通过让步以)平息抚慰
appease, assuage, conciliate, mollify, pacify, propitiate, tranquilize

59

placebo

安慰性的事物

60

plagiarize

剽窃,抄袭
steal

61

plangent

轰鸣的
blaring, blasting, clamorous, deafening, earsplitting

62

plastic

可塑的
adaptable, ductile, flexible, malleable, pliable, pliant

63

plateau

高原
highland, mesa, tableland, upland

64

plausible

看似有理的:

65

pleat

打褶
corrugate, crease, furrow, ruffle, wrinkle

66

plentitude

大量
abundance, affluence, cornucopia, myriad, plenty, profusion, stack

67

pliable

易弯曲的,柔软的:
adaptable, ductile, flexible, limber, plastic, supple

68

plight

困境
dilemma, jam, predicament

69

plod

沉重缓慢地走
tramp, trudge

70

pluck

敢于面对困难的勇气
backbone, courage, dauntlessness, grit, guts

71

plumb

完全的,绝对的

72

plummet

突然下降:
crash, decline, descend, dip, dive, fall, plunge

73

plump

丰满的
chubby, fleshy, fat, gross, obese, rotund, round

74

plunge


crash, decline, descend, dip, dive, fall, plummet

75

polished

有教养的
cultivated, cultured, genteel, refined, urbane

76

pompous

浮夸的
affected, bombastic, flowery, grandiloquent, magniloquent, rhetorical