3.1 What do you eat? Flashcards Preview

Biology > 3.1 What do you eat? > Flashcards

Flashcards in 3.1 What do you eat? Deck (12):
1

Nutrients

Substances in food that provide energy or building materials

2

Joule

Measure of the level of energy in your food

3

Carbohydrate

Substance in your food that consists of sugar containing carbon, hydrogen and oxygen atoms

4

Fibre

Substance in your food that is found mostly in plants and contains of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen atoms

5

Protein

Substance in your food that consists of amino acids and contains carbon, hydrogen and oxygen atoms

6

Sugar

Small substance in your food like glucose or fructose

7

Starch

Carbohydrate that consists of glucose

8

Saturated fat

Fats that are solid at room temperature

9

Unsaturated fats

Fats that are liquid at room temperature

10

Trans fat

Chemically altered unsaturated fats which stay solid at room temperature

11

Which nutrients are there and why do you need them?

Carbohydrates: to keep your digestive system running smoothly
Proteins: for growth and repairing body cells
Fats: absorb vitamins, protect your internal organs and to store energy
Vitamins: for regulating body functions
Minerals: protection against diseases
Water: for removing waste and survival

12

What is a calorie?

Amount of heat needed to raise the temperature of 1 gr of water by 1 degrees